Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
Comparative Study of Complexity in Streetscape Composition

Authors: Ahmed Mansouri, Naoji Matsumoto

Abstract:

This research is a comparative study of complexity, as a multidimensional concept, in the context of streetscape composition in Algeria and Japan. 80 streetscapes visual arrays have been collected and then presented to 20 participants, with different cultural backgrounds, in order to be categorized and classified according to their degrees of complexity. Three analysis methods have been used in this research: cluster analysis, ranking method and Hayashi Quantification method (Method III). The results showed that complexity, disorder, irregularity and disorganization are often conflicting concepts in the urban context. Algerian daytime streetscapes seem to be balanced, ordered and regular, and Japanese daytime streetscapes seem to be unbalanced, regular and vivid. Variety, richness and irregularity with some aspects of order and organization seem to characterize Algerian night streetscapes. Japanese night streetscapes seem to be more related to balance, regularity, order and organization with some aspects of confusion and ambiguity. Complexity characterized mainly Algerian avenues with green infrastructure. Therefore, for Japanese participants, Japanese traditional night streetscapes were complex. And for foreigners, Algerian and Japanese avenues nightscapes were the most complex visual arrays.

Keywords: Streetscape, Nightscape, Complexity, Visual Array, Affordance, Cluster Analysis, Hayashi Quantification Method.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1327724

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1961

References:


[1] Ashihara Y., "The Aesthetic Townscape", Translated by: Riggs L. E., ( The MIT Press, Cambridge, 1983).
[2] Batty M. & Longley P., "Fractal Cities, a Geometry of Form and Function", (Academic Press, San Diego, 1994).
[3] Casti J. L., "Complexification, Explaining a paradoxical world through the science of Surprise", (HarperPerrenial, New York,1995).
[4] Celik Z, Favro D. & Ingersoll R., "Streets, Critical Perspectives on Public Space", (University of California Press, Los Angeles, 1996).
[5] Coveney P. & Higfield R., "Frontiers of Complexity: The search for order in a Chaotic World", (Feber & Feber, London, 1996).
[6] Cullen G., "The Concise Townscape", (The Architectural Press, London, 1973).
[7] Dalmedico A. D., Chabert J.-L., Chemla K., "Chaos et determinisme", (Editions du Seuil, Paris, 1992).
[8] Gifford, R., "Environmental Psychology, Principles and Practice", (Allyn & Bacon, Inc., Massachusetts, 1987).
[9] Hofstadter D. R., "Godel, Escher, Bach: An eternal golden braid, A metaphorical fugue on minds and machines in the spirit of Lewis Carroll", (Penguin Books, London, 1981).
[10] Holland J. H., "Emergence: From Chaos to Order", (Helix Books, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Massachusetts, 1998).
[11] Ian S. and Golubitsky M., "Fearful Symmetry, is God a Geometer?", (Penguin books, London, 1993).
[12] Jacobs, A. B., “Great Streets”, (The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusets, 1996).
[13] Johnson S., “Emergence, the connected lives of ants, brains, cities, and software”, (Scribner, New York, 2004).
[14] Krampen M., “Meaning in the Urban Environment”, (Pion Limited, London, 1979).
[15] Krier R., “Urban Space”, (Academy Editions, London, 1979).
[16] Moudon A. V., “Public Streets for Public Use”, (Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1987).
[17] Nasar J. L., “Environmental Aesthetics: Theory, Research & Applications”, (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1988).
[18] Penrose R., “The large, the small and the human mind”, (Cambridge university press, Cambridge, 1997).
[19] Rose J., “Le hasard au quotidien: Coincidences, jeux de hazard, sondages”, (Editions du Seuil, Paris, 1993).
[20] Rossi A., “The Architecture of the City”, (The MIT Press, Cambridge, 1994).
[21] Scientific American Reports: Special Edition on Perception "105 Mind-Bending Illusions”, Volume 18, Number 2, 2008.
[22] Smardon R. C., Palmer J. F., Felleman J. P., “Foundations for Visual Project Analysis”, (John Willey & Sons, New York, 1986).
[23] Spreiregen P. D., AIA, “Urban Design, The Architecture of towns and cities”, (McGraw-Hill Book Company, USA, 1965).
[24] Stanford S., “On Streets”, (The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachus ,1978).
[25] Venturi R., Brown D. S., Izenour S., “L’enseignement de Las Vegas, ou le symbolisme oublie de la forme Architecturale”, (Architecture+Recherche/Pierre Mardaga Editeur, Liege, 1978).