Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30855
Debye Layer Confinement of Nucleons in Nuclei by Laser Ablated Plasma
Abstract:Following the laser ablation studies leading to a theory of nuclei confinement by a Debye layer mechanism, we present here numerical evaluations for the known stable nuclei where the Coulomb repulsion is included as a rather minor component especially for lager nuclei. In this research paper the required physical conditions for the formation and stability of nuclei particularly endothermic nuclei with mass number greater than to which is an open astrophysical question have been investigated. Using the Debye layer mechanism, nuclear surface energy, Fermi energy and coulomb repulsion energy it is possible to find conditions under which the process of nucleation is permitted in early universe. Our numerical calculations indicate that about 200 second after the big bang at temperature of about 100 KeV and subrelativistic region with nucleon density nearly equal to normal nuclear density namely, 10cm all endothermic and exothermic nuclei have been formed.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1077413Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1289
 R. Kippenhahn and A. Weigert, Stellar Structure and Evolution, Springer, Heidelberg, 1990.
 H. Hora, Plasma Model for Surface Tension of Nuclei and the Phase Transition to the Quark Plasma, Report CERN-PS/DL-Note-91/05, August (1991)
 H. Hora, et al, High Power Laser Ablation, Proceeding of SPIE, Vol. S448, 1190-1200, SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2004.
 H. Hora, G.H. Miley and F. Osman, Astrophysics and Space Science, 298 (2005) 247-253.
 F. Osman, N. Ghahramany, and H. Hora, Laser and Particle Beams, 23 (2005) 461-466.
 H. Hora, Laser and Particle Beams, 24 (2006) 35-40.
 H. Hora, Phys. Fluids 12 (1969) 181.
 H. Hora, Plasmas at High Temperature and Density, Springer, Heidelberg, 1991; H. Hora, Laser Plasma and the Nonlinearity Principle, SPIE Press, Bellingham WA, 2000.
 S. Eliezer, A. J. Ghatak, H. Hora, and E. Teller, Fundamentals of Equation of State, World Scientific, Singapore, 2002.
 H. Hora, P. Lalousis and S. Eliezer, Phys. Rev. Letters, 53 (1984)1650; S. Eliezer and H. Hora, Physics Reports, 172 (1989) 339.
 H. Hora et al, On Surface Tension in Plasmas, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sc. PS-17, 284-289, 1989.
 N. G. Laud and W. J. Kohn, Phys. Rev, B1 (1970) 4555.
 B. Hahn, D.G. Ravenhall and R. Hofstadter, Phys. Rev., 101 (1956) 1131-1142.
 R. Hofstadter and H.R. Collard, Landolt-Bornstein, Zahlenwerte und Funktionen, Herwig Schopper editorVol. 2 p. 21 (Sptringer Heidelberg 1967).