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Analysis of Blind Decision Feedback Equalizer Convergence: Interest of a Soft Decision

Authors: S. Cherif, S. Marcos, M. Jaidane


In this paper the behavior of the decision feedback equalizers (DFEs) adapted by the decision-directed or the constant modulus blind algorithms is presented. An analysis of the error surface of the corresponding criterion cost functions is first developed. With the intention of avoiding the ill-convergence of the algorithm, the paper proposes to modify the shape of the cost function error surface by using a soft decision instead of the hard one. This was shown to reduce the influence of false decisions and to smooth the undesirable minima. Modified algorithms using the soft decision during a pseudo-training phase with an automatic switch to the properly tracking phase are then derived. Computer simulations show that these modified algorithms present better ability to avoid local minima than conventional ones.

Keywords: convergence analysis, Blind DFEs, decision-directed algorithm, constant modulus algorithm, cost function analysis, soft decision

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