Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30998
Investigation on Ship Collision Phenomena by Analytical and Finite Element Methods

Authors: Abuzar.Abazari, Saeed. Ziaei-Rad, Hoseein. Dalayeli


Collision is considered as a time-depended nonlinear dynamic phenomenon. The majority of researchers have focused on deriving the resultant damage of the ship collisions via analytical, experimental, and finite element methods.In this paper, first, the force-penetration curve of a head collision on a container ship with rigid barrier based on Yang and Pedersen-s methods for internal mechanic section is studied. Next, the obtained results from different analytical methods are compared with each others. Then, through a simulation of the container ship collision in Ansys Ls-Dyna, results from finite element approach are compared with analytical methods and the source of errors is discussed. Finally, the effects of parameters such as velocity, and angle of collision on the forcepenetration curve are investigated.

Keywords: Damage, Ship collision, Force-penetration curve

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1760


[1] Minorsky, V.V. 1959, " An Analysis of Ship Collisions with Reference to Protection of NuclearPower Plants ". Journal of Ship Research.
[2] McDermott J.F, Kline R.G, Jones, E.L, Maniar N.M, Chiang W.P.Tanker, 1974, "StructuralAnalysis for Minor Collisions", SNAME Transaction , Vol. 82, pp. 382-414.
[3] Reardon P, Sprung J.L. "Validation of Minorsky-s Ship Collision Model and Use of the Model to Estimate the Probability of Damaging a Radioactive MaterialTransportation".
[4] Vaughan H. 1978, "Bending and Tearing of plate with Application to Ship-Bottom Damage ". Naval Architects. Vol. 3. pp. 97-99.
[5] Woison G. 1979, "Design against Collision". Schiff & Hafen. Germany, Vol. 31. No. 2. pp. 1059-1069.
[6] Paik J. K. Pedersen P.T. 1995, "Ultimate and Crushing Strength of plated Structure ". J. of Ship Research. Vol. 38. No. 4. pp. 340-348.
[7] Sano A. Muragishi O. yoshikawa T. , August 22-23 , 1996, "Strength Analysis of a New Double Hull Structure for VLCC in collision". International Conference on Design and Methodologies for Collision and Grounding Protection of Ships. San Francisco, California, USA.
[8] Kuroiwa T. , August 22-23, 1996, "Numerical simulation of actual collision & grounding accidents". International conference on design and methodologies for collision and grounding protection of ships. San Francisco, California, USA.
[9] Kitamura O. 1997, "Comparative study on collision resistance of side structure". international conference on design and methodologies for collision and grounding protection of ships". San Francisco, California, USA, August 22-23, 1996. Also in "Marine technology", Vol. 34, No.4, pp. 293-308.
[10] Amdahl J. and Kavlie D. 1992, "Experimental and Numerical Simulation of Double Hull stranding". DNV-MIT Work shop on mechanics of ship collision and grounding, DNV, Norway.
[11] Lemmen P. M. Vredeveldt W. pinkster J. A. , August 22-23.1996, "Design analysis for grounding experiments". International conference on design and methodologies for collision and grounding protection of ships, San Francisco, California, USA.
[12] Lehman E. and Yu X. 1998, "Inner Dynamics of bow Collision to bridge piers". International symposium advances in bridge aerodynamics-ship collisions analysis-operation and Maintenance, Lyngby, Denmark.
[13] Qvist S. Nielsen K. B. Schmidt M. H. and Madsen S. H. 1995, "Ship collision- Experimental and numerical analysis of double hull models". 9th DYMAT Technical conference.
[14] . McDermott J.F. Kline R.G. Jones E.L. Maniar N.M. Chiang W.P. 1974, "Tanker StructuralAnalysis for Minor Collisions". SNAME Transactions, Vol. 82, pp. 382-414.
[15] Reckling K.A. 1983, "Mechanics of Minor Ship Collisions. International Journal of Impact Engineering ". Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 281-299.
[16] J. Amdahl. 1983, "Energy Absorption in Ship-Platform Impacts". Dr. Ing. Thesis, Report No. UR-83-84, The SS Norwegian Institute of Technology, Trondheim.
[17] P. D. C. Yang J. B. Caldwell. 1988, "Collision energy absorption of ships bow structures". Int. J. Impact Eng 9 7(2).
[18] H. Kierkegaard. 1993, "Ship bow response in high energy collision". To be published in Marine Structures. Vol6, pp. 359-356.
[19] Hysing T. 1995, "Damage and penetration analysis-safety of passenger/RoRo vessels", DNV Report No. 95-0419, Norway.
[20] Scharrer M. Ostergaard C. 1996, "Safety of Passenger/RoRo Vessels- Analysis of collision energies and Hole sizes ". Germanischer Lloyd, Report No.FL96.009, Hamburg.
[21] Wang G. Ohtsubo H. 1997, "Deformation of ship plate subjected to very large load ". OMAE.
[22] Wierzbicki T. , 1983, "Crushing Behavior of Plate Intersections" .Structural Crashworthines. edited by A Jones T Wierzbicki. Chapter 3, Butterworth and Co., London.
[23] Pedersen P.T., et al. 1993, "Ship Impacts: Bow Collisions." International Journal of Impact Engineering. Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 163- 187.
[24] Brown A.J. 2002, "Modeling Structural Damage in Ship Collision". SSSC Collision Report.
[25] Xia. Jianjun. 2001, "Finite Element Analysis of Ship Collisions". Master of science thesis in ocean engineering .
[26] G. Gerard. 1958. "The crippling strength of compression elements". J. Aeronaut. Sci.
[27] N Jones. 1983. "Structural aspects of ship collisions". In Structural Crashworthiness, Edited by Jones N Wierzb1cki T.pp. 308-337. Butterworths, London.
[28] Saul R. Svensson H. 1983. "Means of reducing consequences of ship collisions with bridges and offshore structures". I ABSE Colloquium on Ship Collision with Bridges and Offshore Structures, Copenhagen.