Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31598
Corrosion Fatigue Crack Growth Studies in Ni-Cr-Mn Steel
Abstract:This paper presents the results of corrosion fatigue crack growth behaviour of a Ni-Cr-Mn steel commonly used in marine applications. The effect of mechanical variables such as frequency and load ratio on fatigue crack growth rate at various stages has been studied using compact tension (C(T)) specimens along the rolling direction of steel plate under 3.5% saturated NaCl aqueous environment. The significance of crack closure on corrosion fatigue, and the validity of Elber-s empirical linear crack closure model with the ASTM compliance offset method have been examined. Fatigue crack growth rate is higher and threshold stress intensities are lower in aqueous environment compared to the lab air conditions. It is also observed that the crack growth rate increases at lower frequencies. The higher stress ratio promotes the crack growth. The effect of oxidization and corrosion pit formation is very less as the stress ratio is increased. It is observed that as stress ratios are increased, the Elber-s crack closure model agrees well with the crack closure estimated by the ASTM compliance offset method for tests conducted at 5Hz frequency compared to tests conducted at 1Hz in corrosive environment.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1076522Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1884
 Alan F. Liu, Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture: An Introduction, ASM International 2005.
 Carman, C. D., C. C. Turner, and B. M. Hillberry, A Method for Determining Crack Opening Load from Load-Displacement Data, Mechanics of Fatigue Crack Closure, ASTM STP 982, Philadelphia, pp. 214-221.
 Chiou, S., R. P. Wei, Corrosion-Fatigue: Cracking response of beta annealed Ti-6Al-4V alloy in 3.5% NaCl solution, NADC-83126-60, U.S. naval air development center, 1984.
 Crooker, T. W., R. W. Jody Jr, R. J. Goode, Fundamental Considerations of Fatigue, Corrosion Cracking and Fracture in Advanced Ship Structures, The society of naval architects and marine engineers, Trinity , New York.
 Fonte, M.A., S. E. Stanzl-Tschegg, A. K. Vasudevan, The microstructure and environment influence on fatigue crack growth in 7049 aluminum alloy at different load ratios, International journal of fatigue, 23,2001.
 Hugh, L. Logan, Film-Rupture Mechanism of Stress Corrosion, Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, Vol. 48, No. 2, February 1952.
 Jeffrey, T. Fong, Fatigue mechanism, ASTM special technical publication 675 , Philadelplila, 1916.
 Kazuaki Shiozawa, Shuming Sun, and R.L. Eadie, Effect of Testing Frequency on the Corrosion Fatigue of a Squeeze-Cast Aluminum Alloy, Metallurgical And Materials Transactions A, Volume 31a, April 2000, pp 1137-1145.
 McEvily, A.J., Atlas of stress corrosion and corrosion fatigue curves, ASM International, Ohio, 1990.
 McEvily A.J and R.P.Wei , Corrosion fatigue - chemistry, mechanics microstructure, NACE-2, 1972.
 Miller G.A, S. J. Hudak and R. P. Wei, Effect of loading variables on environmental assisted fatigue crack growth in high strength steels, Journal of testing and evaluation, JTEVA, Vol 1,Nov 1973, pp 524-531.
 Newman J.C. Jr and W. Elber (Editors), Mechanics of fatigue crack closure, ASTM STP 982, West Conshohoken, PA, 1988.
 Pao P.S., W. Wei and R. P. Wei, Environment-Sensitive Fracture of Engineering Materials, TMS-TIME,1979, pp. 565
 Parkins R.N., M.Ya. Kolotyrkin (Editors), Corrosion Fatigue, Proceeding of the first USSR-UK seminar on Corrosion Fatigue of Metals, Lvov, USSR 1980.
 Richard Roberts, Fracture Mechanics, ASTM STP 743, Philadelphia, 1986.
 Richard P. Gangloff, Environmental CrackingÔÇöCorrosion Fatigue, in Chapter 26 - Corrosion tests and standards manual.
 Simmons, G. W., P. S. Pao and R. P. Wei, Fracture Mechanics and Surface Chemistry Studies of Subcritical Crack Growth in AISI 4340 Steel, Metallurgical transaction. A, Vol. 9A, 1978, pp. 1147-58.
 Sivaprasad. S., S. Tarafder, V. R. Ranganath, M. Tarafder, and K. K. Ray, Corrosion fatigue crack growth behavior of naval steels, Corrosion Science, 48 ,2006.
 Suresh, S., G. F. Zamisky, and R.O.Ritchie, Oxide induced crack closure an explanation for near threshold corrosion fatigue crack growth behavior, Metallurgical Transaction -A, Vol. 12, 1981.
 Rolfe S.T., and J.M. Barsom, Fracture and Fatigue Control In Structures, Prentice-Hall, 1977.
 Su-Pyun and Young -Gab Chun, Environmental effects on crack closure of Aluminium -Lithium alloy, Corrosion Science, Vol. 13, 1993, pp.611- 619.
 Ugiansky.G.M,payer J.H .(Editors), Stress corrosion cracking -slow strain rate technique, ASTM STP 665, Toronto, Canada, 1977.
 Vasudevan A.K., K. Sadananda, Classification of environmentally assisted fatigue crack growth behavior, International Journal of Fatigue, 31, 2009, pp.1696-1708.