Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31821
Non-contact Gaze Tracking with Head Movement Adaptation based on Single Camera

Authors: Ying Huang, Zhiliang Wang, An Ping


With advances in computer vision, non-contact gaze tracking systems are heading towards being much easier to operate and more comfortable for use, the technique proposed in this paper is specially designed for achieving these goals. For the convenience in operation, the proposal aims at the system with simple configuration which is composed of a fixed wide angle camera and dual infrared illuminators. Then in order to enhance the usability of the system based on single camera, a self-adjusting method which is called Real-time gaze Tracking Algorithm with head movement Compensation (RTAC) is developed for estimating the gaze direction under natural head movement and simplifying the calibration procedure at the same time. According to the actual evaluations, the average accuracy of about 1° is achieved over a field of 20×15×15 cm3.

Keywords: computer vision, gaze tracking, human-computer interaction.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1762


[1] C. H. Morimoto, and M. R. M .Mimica,. "Eye gaze tracking techniques for interactive applications," Computer Vision and Image Understanding 98, 2005, pp. 4-24.
[2] B. Noureddin, P. D. Lawrence, and C. F. Man, "A non-contact device for tracking gaze in a human computer interface," Computer Vision and Image Understanding 98, 2005, pp.52-82.
[3] D. Beymer, and M. Flickner, "Eye Gaze Tracking Using an Active Stereo Head," In IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Jun.16-22, Madison), USA, 2003,Vol.2, pp.451-458.
[4] T. Ohno , N. Mukawa, and S. Kawato, "Just Blink Your Eyes: A Head-Free Gaze Tracking System," In proceedings of CHI- 03(Apr.5-10, Florida), ACM Press, USA, 2003,950-951.
[5] Z. Zhu, and Q. Ji, "Eye Gaze Tracking Under Natural Head Movements," In Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and pattern Recognition (Jun.20-25, San Diego, CA),USA, 2005, pp. 918-923.
[6] C. Hennessey, B. Noureddin, and P. Lawrence, " A Single Camera Eye-Gaze Tracking System with Free Head Motion,"In Proceedings of the Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications(Mar. 27-29,San Diego, CA), USA, 2006, pp.87-94.
[7] A. Villanueva, R. Cabeza, and S. Porta, Gaze tracking system model based on physical parameters. International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence 21, 5, 2007, pp.855-877.
[8] T. Nagamatsu, J. Kamahara, T. Iko, and N. Tanaka, "One-point calibration gaze tracking based on eyeball kinematics," In Proceedings of the Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications(Mar.26-28, Georgia), USA, 2008, pp.95-98.