Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31515
Biological Soil Conservation Planning by Spatial Multi-Criteria Evaluation Techniques (Case Study: Bonkuh Watershed in Iran)

Authors: Ali Akbar Jamali


This paper discusses site selection process for biological soil conservation planning. It was supported by a valuefocused approach and spatial multi-criteria evaluation techniques. A first set of spatial criteria was used to design a number of potential sites. Next, a new set of spatial and non-spatial criteria was employed, including the natural factors and the financial costs, together with the degree of suitability for the Bonkuh watershed to biological soil conservation planning and to recommend the most acceptable program. The whole process was facilitated by a new software tool that supports spatial multiple criteria evaluation, or SMCE in GIS software (ILWIS). The application of this tool, combined with a continual feedback by the public attentions, has provided an effective methodology to solve complex decisional problem in biological soil conservation planning.

Keywords: GIS, Biological soil conservation planning, Spatial multi-criteria evaluation, Iran

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1457


[1] B. Sener, M. L. S├╝zen, and V. Doyuran, "Landfill site selection by using geographic information systems," Environmental Geology 49, 376-388. 2006.
[2] D. Geneletti, "Combining stakeholder analysis and spatial multicriteria evaluation to select and rank inert landfill sites," Waste Management, 2009,
[3] D. Wichelns, J.J. Opaluch, S. I. K. Swaloow, T. F. Weaver, and C. W. Wessells, "A landfill site evaluation model that includes public preferences regarding natural resources and nearby communities," Waste Management and Research 11, 185-201. 1993.
[4] G. Higgs, "Integrating multi-criteria techniques with geographical information systems in waste facility location to enhance public participation," Waste Management and Research 24, 105-117. 2006.
[5] J. C. Mourmouris, "MCDM for location and evaluation of waste disposal facilities in metropolitan areas: the case of East Attica," International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management 6 (1/2), 180-192. 2006.
[6] J. Hokkanen, and P. Salminen, "Locating a waste treatment facility by multicriteria analysis," Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis 6, 175-184. 1997.
[7] J. Malczewski, "GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis," Wiley, New York, 1999, 392pp.
[8] J. Malczewski, "GIS-based land-use suitability analysis: a critical overview," Progress in Planning 62 (2004), 3-65.
[9] J. Malczewski, GIS-based multicriteria decision analysis: a survey of the literature. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 20 (7), 703-726. 2006.
[10] J. Petts, "Evaluating the effectiveness of deliberative processes; waste management case studies," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 44, 207-226. 2001.
[11] J. Petts, "Waste management strategy development: a case study of community involvement and consensus building in Hampshire," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 38, 519-536. 1995.
[12] M. A. Sharifi, V. Retsios, "Site selection for waste disposal through Spatial Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis," III International Conference on Decision Support for Telecommunications and Information, Society, 4 - 6 September 2003, Warsaw, Poland.
[13] M. F. Norese, ELECTRE III as a support for participatory decisionmaking on the localisation of waste-treatment plants. Land Use Policy 23, 76-85. 2006.
[14] M. G. Collins, F. R. Steiner, and M. J. Rushman, "Land-use suitability analysis in the United States: historical development and promising technological achievements," Environmental Management 28 (5), 611- 621. 2001.
[15] T. L. Saaty, L. G. Vargas, Comparison of Eigenvalue and logarithmic least squares and least squares methods in estimating ratios. Mathematical modelling, Vol. 5, pp. 309-324. 1984.