Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31106
Perception of Farmers and Agricultural Professionals on Changes in Productivity and Water Resources in Ethiopia
Abstract:In this paper, perceptions of actors on changes in crop productivity, quantity and quality of water, and determinants of their perception are analyzed using descriptive statistics and ordered logit model. Data collected from 297 Ethiopian farmers and 103 agricultural professionals from December 2009 to January 2010 are employed. Results show that the majority of the farmers and professionals recognized decline in water resources, reasoning climate changes and soil erosion as some of the causes. However, there is a variation in views on changes in productivity. The household asset, education level, age and geographical positions are found to affect farmers- perception on changes in crop productivity. But, the study underlines that there is no evidence that farmers- economic status, age, or education level affects recognition of degradation of water resources. Thus, more focus shall be given on providing them different coping mechanisms and alternative resource conserving technologies than educating about the problems.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1329601Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2297
 Department of Economic and Social Affair (DESA) of United Nation Secretariat, "Trends In Sustainable Development: Agriculture, rural development, land, desertification and drought," United Nations publication Sales No. E.08.II.A.1, New York, 2008.
 J. Niyongabo, "Where Sustainable Agriculture means Agricultural Productivity? The case study of Gikongoro in Southwestern Rwanda," M Sc. Thesis, Lund University, Lund, Sweden LUMES, 2004.
 F.N. Muchena, D.D. Ondurua, G.N. Gachinib, and A. de Jager, "Turning the tides of soil degradation in Africa: capturing the reality and exploring opportunities," Land Use Policy, vol. 22, pp. 23-31, 2005.
 National Statistical Abstract, Section D. Agriculture, Table D.8., Central Statistical Agency (CSA) of Ethiopia website (accessed April 2010).
 M. Tadesse, and K. Belay, "Factors Influencing Adoption of soil conservation measures in southern Ethiopia: The Case of Gununo Area," Journal of Agriculture and rural development in Tropics and sub Tropics Vol. 105, no. 1, pp 49-62, 2004.
 M. Kassie and P. Zikhali, "Brief on Sustainable Agriculture," A paper prepared for Expert group meeting on Sustainable Land Management & Agricultural Practices in Africa: Bridging the Gap Between Research & Farmers, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 16-17, 2009
 J. Sinja, J. Karugiab, I. Baltenwecka, M. Waithakac, M.D. Mianoc, R. Nyikalb and D. Romney, "Farmer Perception of Technology and its Impact on Technology Uptake: The Case of Fodder Legume in Central Kenya Highlands," African Association of Agricultural Economists. Shaping the Future of African Agriculture for Development: The Role of Social Scientists. Proceedings of the Inaugural Symposium, Grand Regency Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, December 6 - 8, 2004
 W. Negatu, and A. Parikh, "The impact of perception and other factors on the adoption of agricultural technology in the Moret and Jiru Woreda (district) of Ethiopia," Agricultural Economics, 1999, vol. 21, no. 2, pp 205-216.
 A. A. Adesina, and J. Baidu-Forson, "Farmers' perceptions and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa," Agricultural Economics, 1995, Vol. 13, pp. 1-9.
 F. F. Tatl─▒dil, I. Boz and H Tatlidil, "Farmers- perception of sustainable agriculture and its determinants: a case study in Kahramanmaras province of Turkey," Environ Dev Sustain 2009, Vol. 11, pp. 1091-1106
 T. Tadesse, 2006, "Measuring the economic impact of climate change on Ethiopian Agriculture: Ricardian approach", CEEPA Discussion Paper No. 25, Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa, University of Pretoria.
 B. Shiferaw and S.T. Holden, "Resource degradation and adoption of land conservation technologies in the Ethiopian Highlands: A case study in Andit Tid, North Shewa," Agricultural Economics, 1998, vol.18: 3, pp. 233-247
 Y. P. Wei1, D. Chen, R. E. White, I. R. Willett, R. Edis, and J. Langford, "Farmers- perception of environmental degradation and their adoption of improved management Practices in Alxa, China," Land Degradation & Development 2009, Vol. 20, pp. 336-346.
 Central Statistical Agency (CSA) of Ethiopia, Population Size by Sex, Area and Density by Region, Zone and Wereda : Table B.3., 2007.
 G. G. Jimolu, "Studies On Poultry Coccidiosis in Tiyo Wereda, Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State," an MSc. Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Jun 2004.
 J.S Long and J. Freese, Regression Models For Categorical Dependent Variables Using STATA. 2nd Ed. A Stata press publication Statacorp LP College Station, Texas, 2001, Ch 5.
 A. Feyisa, "Climate Change Impact on Livelihood, Vulnerability and Coping Mechanisms: A Case Study of West-Arsi Zone, Ethiopia". MSc Thesis, Lund University, LUMES, May 2009
 S. WEIR "The Effects of Education on Farmer Productivity in Rural Ethiopia", WPS99-7, Centre for the Study of African Economies Department of Economics, University of Oxford St. Cross Building, Manor Road, Oxford OX1 3UL, United Kingdom, March 1999.
 P. L. Pingali and P. W. Heisey, "Cereal Crop Productivity in Developing Countries, CIMMYT Economics paper 99-03, Mexico D. F.: CIMMYT.
 Y. Kebede, K. Gunjal, and G. Coffin, "Adoption of new technologies in Ethiopian agriculture: The case of Tegulet-Bulga District, Shoa Province", Agric. Econ., 1990, Vol. 4, pp. 27-43.