Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30172
The Response of Winter Wheat to Flooding
Abstract:The effect of flooding can be a serious problem for wheat farmers, even at dry land condition. Amount of flooding damage depends on duration flooding, developmental stage, wheat type and variety. Therefore as a factorial experiment in randomized complete design based on winter bread wheat cultivars (Pishtaz, Marvdasht, Shiraz, Zarin, Shahriar, C-81-4, Sardari, Agosta seed, FGS and Azar2) at stages (Non- flooding stress, flooding at tillering and stem elongation stages for 15 days) carried out in Faculty of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran. During flooding, soil environment of plant roots were water saturated. Analysis of variance showed that flooding had a significant effect on the number of grains per spike, grain weight per spike and a grain weight. Hence flooding reduces the number of grain per spike between 27.1 to 42.5 percent, grain weight per spike between 34.7 to 54.4 percent and single grain weight between 12.1 to 15.1 percent. Effects of flooding at the tillering stage reduced higher than stem elongation stage on studied traits. The result also showed that flooding at tillering stage delayed spikelet primordial and floret. Between wheat cultivars was significant for traits, but were different reactions. "Shiraz", "Zarin" and "Shahriar" had the most no. grain per spike, but "Zarin" and "Sardari" had the most grain weight per spike and single grain weight, respectively. Also, interaction between start of flooding and cultivar was significant.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1075681Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2050
 A. Collaku, and S. A. Harison, "Losses in wheat due to waterlogging," Crop Science, 2002, vol. 42, pp. 444-450.
 A. I. Malik, T. D. Colmer, H. Lambers, T. L. Setter, and M. Schotemeyer, "Short-term waterlogging has long-term effects on the growth and physiology of wheat," New Phytologist, 2002, vol. 153, pp. 225-236.
 A. I. Malik, T. D. Colmer, H. Lambers, T. L. Setter, M. Schotemeyer, "Changes in physiological and morphological traits of roots and shoots of wheat in response to different depths of waterlogging," Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2001, vol. 28, pp. 1121- 1131.
 B. B. Vartapetian, and M. B. Jackson, "Plant adaptations to anaerobic stress," Annals of Botany, 1997, vol. 79, pp. 3-20.
 B. R. Huang, and J. W. Johanson "Root respiration and carbohydrate status of two wheat genotypes to hypoxia," Annals of Botany, 1995, vol. 75 (4), pp. 427-432.
 D. P. Sharma, and A. Swarup, "Effect of nutrient composition of wheat in alkaline soils," Journal of Agricultural Science (UK), 1998, vol. 112, pp. 191-197.
 M. E. Ghobadi, and M. Ghobadi, "Effect of anoxia on root growth and grain yield of wheat cultivars," World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 2010, vol. 71, pp. 191-194.
 M. E. Ghobadi, H. Nadian, M. Bakhshandeh, G. Fathi, M. H. Gharineh, K. Alami-said and M. Ghobadi, "Study of root growth, biological yield and grain yield of wheat genotypes under waterlogging stress during different growth stages," Seed and Plant Journal, 2007, vol. 22(4), pp. 513-527.
 M. E. Ghobadi, M. Bakhshandeh, H. Nadian, G. Fathi, M. H. Gharineh and M. Ghobadi, "Effect of waterlogging on grain elements of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)," Abstracts proceeding of 10th Iranian Congress of Soil Science. 26-28 August 2007, The University of Tehran, pp. 386-387.
 M. E. Ghobadi, M. Bakhshandeh, H. Nadian, G. Fathi, M. H. Gharineh, K. Alami-said and M. Ghobadi, "Effect of waterlogging durations at different growth stages of wheat on yield and yield components," The Scientific Journal of Agriculture, 2007, vol. 30, pp. 133-146.
 M. E. Ghobadi, M. Ghobadi, and A. Zebarjadi, "Effects of waterlogging stress on root and shoot growth in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)," Abstracts proceeding of 5th International Crop Science Congress. 13-18 April 2008, Jeju, Korea, 2008, pp. 126.
 M. E. Ghobadi, M. Ghobadi, and A. Zebarjadi, "Effects of waterlogging stress on seedling growth on winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)," Abstract Book of the 1st Iranian Conference of Plant Physiology. Isfahan University of Technology. 12-13 August, 2009, pp. 78.
 M. E. Musgrave, "Waterlogging effects on yield and photosynthesis in 8 winter wheat cultivars," Crop Science, 1994, vol. 34, pp. 1314-1318.
 M. E. Musgrave, and N. Ding, "Evaluating wheat cultivars for waterlogging tolerance," Crop Science, 1998, vol. 34, pp. 90-97.
 T. L. Setter, and I. Waters, "Review of prospects for germplasm improvement for waterlogging tolerance in wheat, barley and oats," Plant and Soil, 2003, vol. 253, pp. 1-34.