Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30073
Biospeckle Techniques in Quality Evaluation of Indian Fruits

Authors: MD Zaheer Ansari, A.K. Nirala


In this study spatial-temporal speckle correlation techniques have been applied for the quality evaluation of three different Indian fruits namely apple, pear and tomato for the first time. The method is based on the analysis of variations of laser light scattered from biological samples. The results showed that crosscorrelation coefficients of biospeckle patterns change subject to their freshness and the storage conditions. The biospeckle activity was determined by means of the cross-correlation functions of the intensity fluctuations. Significant changes in biospeckle activity were observed during their shelf lives. From the study, it is found that the biospeckle activity decreases with the shelf-life storage time. Further it has been shown that biospeckle activity changes according to their respiration rates.

Keywords: Biospeckle, cross-correlation, respiration, shelf-life.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2021


[1] J.A. Abbott, "Quality measurement of fruits and vegetables", Postharvest Biol. Technol., vol. 15, pp. 207-225, 1999.
[2] Z. Zude-Sasse, I. Truppel, B. Herold, "An approach to non-destructive apple fruit chlorophyll determination", Postharvest Biol. Technol,. vol. 25, pp. 12 -133, 2002.
[3] P.E. Zerbini, M. Grassi, R. Cubeddu, A. Pifferi, A. Torricelli, "Timeresolved reflectance spectroscopy can detect internal defects in pears", Acta Horticul., vol. 599, pp. 359-365, 2003.
[4] Y. Peng, R. Lu, "Analysis of spatially resolved hyperspectral scattering images for assessing apple fruit firmness and soluble solids content", Postharvest Biol. Technol. vol. 48, pp. 52-62, 2008.
[5] F. Firtha, A. Fekete, T. Kaszab, B. Gillay, M. Nogula-Nagy, Z. Kovács, D.B. Kantor, "Methods for improving image quality and reducing data load of NIR hyperspectral images", Sensors. vol. 8, pp. 3287- 3298, 2008.
[6] Z. Qing, B. Ji, M. Zude, "Predicting soluble solid content and firmness in apple fruit by means of laser light backscattering image analysis", J. Food Eng., vol. 82, pp. 58- 67, 2007.
[7] L. Baranyai, M. Zude, "Analysis of laser light propagation in kiwifruit using backscattering imaging and Monte Carlo simulation", Comput. Electron Agr. Vol. 69, pp. 33-39, 2009.
[8] W.B. Herppich, "Application Potential of Chlorophyll Fluorescence Imaging Analysis in Horticultural Research (Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium)," Fruit, Nut and Vegetable Production Engineering, Potsdam, Germany, September, 2001, pp. 609-614.
[9] W.B. Herppich, M. Linke, S. Landahl, A. Gzik, "Preharvest and postharvest responses of radish to reduced water supply during growth," Acta Horticult., vol. 553 pp. 89-90, 2001.
[10] E. Bauriegel, A. Giebel, W.B. Herppich. "Hyperspectral and chlorophyll fluorescence imaging to analyse the impact of Fusarium culmorum on the photosynthetic integrity of infected wheat ears," Sensors., vol. 11 pp. 3765- 3779, 2011.
[11] B.M. Nicolai, K. Beullens, E. Bobelyn, A. Peirs, W. Saeys, K.I. Theron, J. Lammertyna. "Nondestructive measurement of fruit and vegetable quality by means of NIR spectroscopy," A review. Postharvest Biol. Technol., vol. 46, pp. 99-118, 2007.
[12] R.A. Braga, L. Dupuy, M. Pasqual, R.R. Cardosos. "Live biospeckle laser imaging of root tissues," Eur. Biophys. J., vol. 38, pp. 679-686, 2009.
[13] R. A. Braga JR, W. Silva, T. Safadi, and C. Nobre, "Time history speckle pattern under statistical view. Optics Communications., vol. 281 pp. 2443-2448, 2008.
[14] G.G. Romero, C.C. Martinez , E.E. Alanis, G.A. Salazar , V.G. Broglia , L. Alvarez, "Bio-speckle activity applied to the assessment of tomato fruit ripening," biosystems engineering., vol. 103, pp. 116-119, 2009.
[15] A. Zdunek, and J. Cybulska, "Relation of Biospeckle Activity with Quality Attributes of Apples," Sensors., vol. 11, pp. 6317-6327, 2011.
[16] J.D. Briers, A.F. Fercher. "Retinal blood-flow visualization by means of laser speckle photography," Investig. Ophthalmol., Vis. Sci. vol. 22, pp. 255-259, 1982.
[17] R.A. Braga, I.M. F.M. DalFabbro, Borem, G. Rabelo, R. Arizaga, H.J. Rabal, M. Trivi, "Assessment of seed viability by laser speckle techniques," Biosyst. Eng., Vol. 86 pp. 287-294, 2003.
[18] G.H. Sendra, R. Arizaga, H.J. Rabal, M. Trivi. "Decomposition of biospeckle images in temporary spectral bands," Opt. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 1641-1643, 2005.
[19] J.A. Pomarico, H.O. DiRocco, L. Alvarez, C. Lanusse, L. Mottier, C. Saumell, R. Arizaga, H.J. Rabal, M. Trivi. "Speckle interferometry applied to pharmacodynamic studies: Evaluation of parasite motility," Eur. Biophys. J., vol. 33, pp. 694-699, 2004.
[20] R.A. Braga, G.F. Rabelo, L.R. Granato, E.F. Santos, J.C. Machado, R. Arizaga, H.J. Rabal, M. Trivi. "Detection of fungi in beans by the laser biospeckle technique," Biosyst. Eng., vol. 91, pp. 465-469, 2005.
[21] M. Pajuelo, G. Baldwin, H.J. Rabal, N. Cap, R. Arizaga, M. Trivi. "Biospeckle assessment of bruising in fruits," Opt. Lasers Eng., vol. 40, pp. 13-24, 2003.
[22] Y. Tao, and Z. Wen, "Machine vision techniques for defect inspection on fruit packing lines," Advances in Bioprocessing Engineering. World Sci. Publ. Co. Ltd (2002).
[23] M. Sjödahl. "Some recent advances in electronic speckle photography," Opt. Laser Eng., vol. 29, pp. 125-144, 1998.
[24] A. Zdunek, L.I. Muravsky, L. Frankevych and K. Konstankiewicz, "New nondestructive method based on spatial-temporal speckle correlation technique for evaluation of apples quality during shelf-life," Int. Agrophysics, vol. 21, pp. 305-310, 2007.
[25] I.J. Warrington, T.A. Fulton, E.A. Halligan, H.N. de Silva, "Apple fruit growth and maturity affected by early season temperatures," J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. vol. 124, pp. 468-477, 1999.
[26] M.K. Ernst, G. Matitschka, N.J. Chatterton, P.A. Harrison, "A quantitative histochemical procedure for measurement of starch in apple fruit," Histochem. J., vol. 31, pp. 705-710, 1999.
[27] D.G. Stevenson, P.A. Domoto, J. Jane, "Structures and functional properties of apple (Malus domestica Borkh) fruit starch," Carbohydr. Polym., vol. 63, pp. 432-441, 2006.
[28] G.G. Romero, C.C. Martinez, E.E. Alanis, G.A. Salazar, V.G. Broglia, L. Alvarez. "Bio-speckle activity applied to the assessment of tomato fruit ripening," Biosyst. Eng. Vol. 103, pp. 116-119, 2009.
[29] J.B. Biale, R.E. Young, "Respiration and ripening in fruits - retrospect and prospect," In: J. Friend and M.J.C. Rhodes (eds) Recent Advances in the Biochemistry of Fruits and Vegetables; Acad. Press; NY, 1981, pp. 1-39.