A Practical Scheme for Transmission Loss Allocation to Generators and Loads in Restructured Power Systems
This paper presents a practical scheme that can be used for allocating the transmission loss to generators and loads. In this scheme first the share of a generator or load on the current through a branch is determined using Z-bus modified matrix. Then the current components are decomposed and the branch loss allocation is obtained. A motivation of proposed scheme is to improve the results of Z-bus method and to reach more fair allocation. The proposed scheme has been implemented and tested on several networks. To achieve practical and applicable results, the proposed scheme is simulated and compared on the transmission network (400kv) of Khorasan region in Iran and the 14-bus standard IEEE network. The results show that the proposed scheme is comprehensive and fair to allocating the energy losses of a power market to its participants.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1075424Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1069
 V. S. C. Lim, J. D. F. McDonald, and T. K. Saha,"Comparative distribution of system losses to market participants using different loss allocation methods." 2005 IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution. Asia and Pacific Dalian, China. 1-7.
 J. Conejo, J. Contreras, I. Kockar, D.A. Lima and A. Padilha, "Z-Bus Transmission Network Cost Allocation," IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 342-349, Feb. 2007.
 C. Unsihuay and O. R. Saavedra, "Transmission loss unbundling and allocation under pool electricity markets," IEEE Trans. Power Syst.,vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 77-84, Feb. 2006.
 J. Conejo, F. D. Galiana, I. Kockar, "Z-Bus Loss Allocation," IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 105-110, Feb. 2001.
 Ilic M, Galiana FD, Fink L. " Power systems restructuring: engineering and economics" .Norwell, MA: Kluwer; 1998.
 Bialek JW. "Tracing the flow of electricity". IEE Proc Gener Transmand Distrib 1996;143:313-20.
 Kirschen D, Strbac G. "Tracing active and reactive power between generators and loads using real and imaginary currents". IEEE Trans Power Syst 1999;14:1312-9.
 Strbac G, Kirschen D, Ahmed S. "Allocating transmission system usage on the basis of traceable contributions of generators and loads to flows". IEEE Trans Power Syst 1998;13:527-34.
 Galiana FD, Conejo AJ, Kockar I . "Incremental transmission loss allocation under pool dispatch".IEEE Trans Power Syst 2002;17:26-33.
 M.Ehsan, S.N.Keshmiri, "Transmission Loss Allocation Using Normalized Loss Weight Factors", International Power Engineering Conference Nanjing China, pp. 431-435, 6-9 April 2008.