Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32726
The Kinetic of Biogas Production Rate from Cattle Manure in Batch Mode

Authors: Budiyono, I N. Widiasa, S. Johari, Sunarso


In this study, the kinetic of biogas production was studied by performing a series laboratory experiment using rumen fluid of animal ruminant as inoculums. Cattle manure as substrate was inoculated by rumen fluid to the anaerobic biodigester. Laboratory experiments using 400 ml biodigester were performed in batch operation mode. Given 100 grams of fresh cattle manure was fed to each biodigester and mixed with rumen fluid by manure : rumen weight ratio of 1:1 (MR11). The operating temperatures were varied at room temperature and 38.5 oC. The cumulative volume of biogas produced was used to measure the biodigester performance. The research showed that the rumen fluid inoculated to biodigester gave significant effect to biogas production (P<0.05). Rumen fluid inoculums caused biogas production rate and efficiency increase two to three times in compare to manure substrate without rumen fluid. With the rumen fluid inoculums, gave the kinetic parameters of biogas production i.e biogas production rate constants (U), maximum biogas production (A), and minimum time to produce biogas (λ) are 3.89 ml/(; 172.51 (ml/gVS); dan 7.25 days, respectively. While the substrate without rumen fluid gave the kinetic parameters U, A, and λ are 1.74 ml/(; 73.81 (ml/gVS); dan 14.75 days, respectively. The future work will be carried out to study the dynamics of biogas production if both the rumen inoculums and manure are fed in the continuous system.

Keywords: rumen fluid, inoculums, anaerobic digestion, biogasproduction.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2902


[1] Okkerse, C. and H. V. Bekkum.. From fossil to green. Green Chem., 1999, 1: 107-114
[2] Alvarez, R. and G. Lide'n. The effect of temperature variation on biomethanation at high altitude, Biores. Technol. 2008, 99: 7278-7284
[3] Krylova, N.I., R.E. Khabiboulline, R.P. Naumova, and M.A. Nagel, M.A. The influence of ammonium and methods for removal during the anaerobic treatment of poultry manure. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 1997, 70 (1): 99-105
[4] Callaghan, F.J., D.A.J. Wase, K. Thayanithy, and C.F. Forster. Codigestion of waste organic solids - batch studies. Bioresource Technol. 1999, 67 (2), 117-122.
[5] Karim, K., R. Hoffmann, K. T. Klassonb, M.H. Al-Dahhan. Anaerobic digestion of animal waste: Effect of mode of mixing, Water Research, 2005, 39: 3597-3606
[6] Lo, K.V., A. J. Whitehead, P. H. Liao, N. R. Bulley. Methane production from screened dairy manure using a fixed-film reactor. Agricultural Wastes, 1984, 9(3): 175-188
[7] Vartak, D.R., C. R. Engler, M. J. McFarland, and S. C. Ricke. Attachedfilm media performance in psychrophilic anaerobic treatment of dairy cattle wastewater, Bioresource Technology, 1997, 62: 79-84
[8] Ndegwa, P.M., D.W. Hamilton, J.A. Lalman, and H.J. Cumba. Effects of cycle-frequency and temperature on the performance of anaerobic sequencing batch reactors (ASBRs) treating swine waste, Bioresource Technology, 2008, 99: 1972-1980
[9] Gelegenis, J., D. Georgakakis, I. Angelidaki, V. Mavris. Optimization of biogas production by co-digesting whey with diluted poultry manure. Renewable Energy, 2007, 32(13): 2147-2160
[10] Lehtom¨aki, A., S. Huttunen, J.A. Rintala. Laboratory investigations on co-digestion of energy crops and crop residues with cattle manure for methane production: Effect of crop to manure ratio, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 2007, 51: 591-609
[11] Nielsen, H.B. and I. Angelidaki. Strategies for optimizing recovery of the biogas process following ammonia inhibition. Bioresource Technology. 2008, 99(17):7995-8001
[12] Boe, K. and Angelidaki, I. Serial CSTR digester configuration for improving biogas production from manure, Water Research, 2009, 43(1): 166-172
[13] Kaparaju, P., L. Ellegaard, I. Angelidaki. 2009. Optimisation of biogas production from manure through serial digestion: Lab-scale and pilotscale studies, Biores. Technol. 100: 701-709
[14] Kaparaju, P., Buendía, I., Ellegaard, L., Angelidaki, I., Effects of mixing on methane production during thermophilic anaerobic digestion of manure: labscale and pilot-scale studies. Bioresour. Technol. 2008., 99: 4919-4928
[15] Liao, P.H., K.V. Lo, S.T. Chieng. Effect of liquidÔÇösolids separation on biogas production from dairy manure. Energy in Agriculture, 1984, 3: 61-69
[16] Kaparaju, P. and Angelidaki, I., 2008. Effect of temperature and microbial activity on passive separation of digested cattle manure. Bioresour. Technol. 99: 1345-1352
[17] M├©ller, H.B., A.M. Nielsen, R. Nakakubo, H.J. Olsen. Process performance of biogas digesters incorporating pre-separated manure, Livestock Science, 2008, 112: 217-223
[18] Kayhanian, M. and D. Rich. Pilot-scale high solids thermophilic anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste with an emphasis on nutrient requirements, Biomass and Bioenergv, 1995, 8(6): 433-444.
[19] Demirci, G. G. and G. N. Demirer. Effect of initial COD concentration, nutrient addition, temperature and microbial acclimation on anaerobic treatability of broiler and cattle manure, Bioresource Technology, 2004, 93: 109-117
[20] Luengo, P.L. and J. M. Alvarez. 1988. Influence of temperature, buffer, composition and straw particle length on the anaerobic digestion of wheat straw-pig manure mixtures. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 1(1): 27-37
[21] Castillo, R.T., P.L. Luengo, and J.M. Alvarez. 1995. Temperature effect on anaerobic of bedding manure in a one phase system at different inoculums concentration, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 54:55-66
[22] Sans, C., J. Mata-Alvarez, F. Cecchi, P. Pavan and A. Bassetti. Acidogenic fermentation of organic urban wastes in a plug-flow reactor under thermophilic conditions. Bioresource Technology, 1995, 54(2): 105-110
[23] Lopes, W. S., V. D. Leite, and S. Prasad. Influence of inoculum on performance of anaerobic reactors for treating municipal solid waste. Bioresource Technology, 2004, 94(3): 261-266
[24] Forster-Carneiro, T., M. Pérez and L. I. Romero. Influence of total solid and inoculum contents on performance of anaerobic reactors treating food waste. Bioresource Technology, 2008, 99(15): 6994-7002.
[25] Yetilmezsoy, K and S. Sakar. Development of empirical models for performance evaluation of UASB reactors treating poultry manure wastewater under different operational conditions, J. Hazardous Materials, 2008, 153: 532-543
[26] Nopharatana, A., P. C. Pullammanappallil, W. P. Clarke. Kinetics and dynamic modeling of batch anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste in a stirred reactor, Waste Management, 2007, 27: 595-603
[27] Richard, T. The effect of lignin on biodegradability. Cornell Composting, Cornel Waste Management Institute, In 1996.
[28] Wilkie, A.C. Anaerobic digestion of dairy manure: design and process consideration. in Dairy Manure Management : Tretament, Handling, and Community Relations, Natural Resource, Agriculture, and Engineering Service, Cornell University, Itaca. 2005. pp. 301-312
[29] Aurora, S.P. Microbial Digestion in Ruminants. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, 1983.
[30] Wenxiu, T. and W. Mengjie. Experiment and research on a mesophilic anaerobic digester with dairy cattle manure in northern china. Biomass. 1989, 20(1-2): 41-52
[31] Anonimously. Biogas production process. (http://zorgbiogas. com/library/biogas-production-process). Downloaded on August 7, 2009, 0.800
[32] Balsam, J. Anaerobic digestion of animal wastes: factors to consider. ATTRA-national sustainable agriculture information service. United States Department of Agriculture-s, USA, 2002