Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30685
Assessing the Global Water Productivity of Some Irrigation Command Areas in Iran

Authors: A. Montazar

Abstract:

The great challenge of the agricultural sector is to produce more crop from less water, which can be achieved by increasing crop water productivity. The modernization of the irrigation systems offers a number of possibilities to expand the economic productivity of water and improve the virtual water status. The objective of the present study is to assess the global water productivity (GWP) within the major irrigation command areas of I.R. Iran. For this purpose, fourteen irrigation command areas where located in different areas of Iran were selected. In order to calculate the global water productivity of irrigation command areas, all data on the delivered water to cropping pattern, cultivated area, crops water requirement, and yield production rate during 2002-2006 were gathered. In each of the command areas it seems that the cultivated crops have a higher amount of virtual water and thus can be replaced by crops with less virtual water. This is merely suggested due to crop water consumption and at the time of replacing crops, economic value as well as cultural and political factors must be considered. The results indicated that the lowest GWP belongs to Mahyar and Borkhar irrigation areas, 0.24 kg m-3, and the highest is that of the Dez irrigation area, 0.81 kg m-3. The findings demonstrated that water management in the two irrigation areas is just efficient. The difference in the GWP of irrigation areas is due to variations in the cropping pattern, amount of crop productions, in addition to the effective factors in the water use efficiency in the irrigation areas.

Keywords: Water Productivity, Iran, virtual water, Irrigation command area

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1329531

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1340

References:


[1] S.L. Postel, G.C. Daily, and P.R. Ehrlich, Human appropriation of renewable freshwater. Science, 271: 785-788, 1996.
[2] W.J. Cosgrove, F.R. Rijsberman, World water vision. Earthscan Publications: London, 2000.
[3] T. Oki, and S. Kanae, Global hydrological cycles and world water resources. Science, 313: 1068-1072, 2006.
[4] J.W. Kijne, R. Barker, and D. Molden, Water productivity in agriculture: limits and opportunities for improvement. Comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture series 1. CAB7IWMI, Wallingford: Colombo, 2003.
[5] B.A.M. Bouman, A conceptual framework for the improvement of crop water productivity at different spatial scales. Agricultural Systems, 9: 43-60, 2007.
[6] H.L. Plusquellec, K. McPhail, and C. Polti, Review of irrigation system performance with respect to initial objectives. Irrigation and Drainage Systems, 4(4): 313-327, 1990.
[7] S. Postel, The Last Oasis, facing water scarcity. Earthscan Publications: London, 1992.
[8] A.F. Bottrall, Overview: irrigation management researchÔÇöold themes, new contexts. Water Resources Development, 11(1): 5-10, 1995.
[9] I. Hussain, R. Sakthivadivel, U. Amarasinghe, M. Mudasser, and D. Molden, Land and water productivity of wheat in the Western Indo- Gangetic Plains of India and Pakistan: a comparative analysis. IWMI, Colombo, vol vi, 50p (IWMI research report 65), 2003.
[10] C.M. Burt, and S.W. Styles, Conceptualizing irrigation project modernization through benchmarking and the rapid appraisal process. Irrigation Drainage, 25(2):145-154, 2002.
[11] D.J. Molden, R. Sakthivadivel, C.J. Perry, C. de Fraiture, and W. Kloezen, Indicators for comparing performance of irrigated agricultural systems. Research report no. 20. International Water Management Institute, Colombo, 1998.
[12] A.J. Clemmens, and D.J. Molden, Water uses and productivity of irrigation systems. Irrigation Science, 25: 247-261, 2007.
[13] C. Perry, Efficient irrigation; inefficient communication; flawed recommendations. Irrigation and drainage, 56: 367-378., 2007
[14] Iranian Water Resources Management Company (IWRMC), Annual information and data on performance assessment of modern irrigation networks (annual report 2002-2006), 2006.