Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
Analysis and Measuring Surface Roughness of Nonwovens Using Machine Vision Method

Authors: Dariush Semnani, Javad Yekrang, Hossein Ghayoor

Abstract:

Concerning the measurement of friction properties of textiles and fabrics using Kawabata Evaluation System (KES), whose output is constrained to the surface friction factor of fabric, and no other data would be generated; this research has been conducted to gain information about surface roughness regarding its surface friction factor. To assess roughness properties of light nonwovens, a 3-dimensional model of a surface has been simulated with regular sinuous waves through it as an ideal surface. A new factor was defined, namely Surface Roughness Factor, through comparing roughness properties of simulated surface and real specimens. The relation between the proposed factor and friction factor of specimens has been analyzed by regression, and results showed a meaningful correlation between them. It can be inferred that the new presented factor can be used as an acceptable criterion for evaluating the roughness properties of light nonwoven fabrics.

Keywords: Surface roughness, Nonwoven, Machine vision, Image processing.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1074701

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2493

References:


[1] R. Chhabra, Nonwoven Uniformity Measurements Using Image Analysis, INJ Spring, 56-62, 2003
[2] J. Militky, and V. Klicka, Nonwovens Uniformity Spatial Characterization, J. of Information and Computing Science, Vol 2, No 2., 85-92, 2007
[3] B. Pourdeyhimi, B. Maze, and H. V. Tafreshi, Simulation and Analysis of Unbonded Nonwoven Fibrous Structure, J. of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, Vol 1, Issue 2, 2006
[4] X.C. Huang, and R.R. Bresee, Characterizing Nonwoven Web Structure Using Image Analysis Techniques. Part II: Fiber Orientation Analysis in Thin Webs, Journal of Nonwovens Research, 5(2), 14-21, 1993
[5] I. H. Sul, K. H. Hong, H. Shim, and T. J. Kang, Surface Roughness Measurement of Nonwovens Using Three-Dimensional Profile Data, Textile Res. J. Vol 76(11): 828-834, 2006
[6] B. Pourdeyhimi, H.V. Tafreshi, and B. Mazé, 3-D Simulation and Analysis of Nonwoven Structures. JEFF , 1 (2) ,47-52, 2007
[7] J. Hu, B. Xin, and H. Yan, Measuring and Modeling 3D Wrinkles in Fabrics, Textile Res. J. Vol 72(10), 863-869, 2002
[8] T. J. Kang, S. C. Kim, I. H. Sul, J. R. Youn, and K. Chung, Fabric Surface Roughness Evaluation Using Wavelet-Fractal Method Part I: Wrinkle, Smoothness and Seam Pucker, Textile Res. J. 75(11), 751-760, 2005
[9] S. C. Kim, and T. J. Kang, Fabric Surface Roughness Evaluation Using Wavelet-Fractal Method Part II: Fabric Pilling Evaluation, Textile Res. J. 75(11), 761-770, 2005
[10] S. Fontaine, C. Marisquet, M. Renner, M. Bueno, and N. Nicolleti, Characterization of Roughness-Friction: Example with Nonwovens, Textile Res. J. 75(12), 826-832, 2005
[11] M. Govindaraj, A. Garg, A. Raheja, G. Huang, and D. Metaxas, Haptic Simulation of Fabric Hand, Eurohaptics Conference 2003
[12] E. Bertaux, M. Lewandowski, and S. Derler, Relationship between Friction and Tactile Properties for Woven and Knitted Fabrics, Textile Res. J. Vol 77(6): 387-396, 2007
[13] V. S├╝lar, and A. Okur, Objective Evaluation of Fabric Handle by Simple Measurement Methods, Textile Res. J. Vol 78(10): 856-868, 2008
[14] M. A. Srinivasan, and K. Dandekar, An Investigation of The Mechanics of Tactile Sense Using Two-Dimensional Models of Primate Fingertip, Journal of biomechanical engineering, vol. 118, pp. 48-55, 1996
[15] ASTM D1894-08 Standard Test Method for Static and Kinetic Coefficients of Friction of Plastic Film and Sheeting