Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30172
Authentication and Data Hiding Using a Reversible ROI-based Watermarking Scheme for DICOM Images
Abstract:In recent years image watermarking has become an important research area in data security, confidentiality and image integrity. Many watermarking techniques were proposed for medical images. However, medical images, unlike most of images, require extreme care when embedding additional data within them because the additional information must not affect the image quality and readability. Also the medical records, electronic or not, are linked to the medical secrecy, for that reason, the records must be confidential. To fulfill those requirements, this paper presents a lossless watermarking scheme for DICOM images. The proposed a fragile scheme combines two reversible techniques based on difference expansion for patient's data hiding and protecting the region of interest (ROI) with tamper detection and recovery capability. Patient's data are embedded into ROI, while recovery data are embedded into region of non-interest (RONI). The experimental results show that the original image can be exactly extracted from the watermarked one in case of no tampering. In case of tampered ROI, tampered area can be localized and recovered with a high quality version of the original area.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1074583Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1402
 D. Anand and U. C. Niranjan, "Watermarking medical images with patient information," in Proc. 20th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 1998, pp. 703- 706.
 M. Awrangjeb, "An Overview of Reversible Data Hiding," in The 6th International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT-03), 2003, pp. 75-79
 X. Luo, Q. Cheng, and J. Tan, "A Lossless Data Embedding Scheme for Medical Images in Application of e-Diagnosis," in Proc.25" Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, 2003, pp. 852-855.
 G. Coatrieux and L. Lecornu, "A Review of Image Watermarking Applications in Healthcare," in Proc. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE : Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS '06. , 2006, pp. 4691-4694.
 J. M. Zain, L. P. Baldwin, and M. Clarke, "Reversible watermarking for authentication of DICOM images," in Proc. 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2004, pp. 3237 - 3240.
 J. M. Zain and C. M., "Reversible Region of Non-Interest (RONI) Watermarking for Authentication of DICOM Images," International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, vol. 7, pp. 19-28, 2007.
 J. M. Zain and A. R. M. Fauzi, "Medical Image Watermarking with Tamper Detection and Recovery" in Proc. 28th IEEE EMBS Annual International Conference, 2006, pp. 3270-3273.
 J. M. Zain and A. R. M. Fauzi, "Evaluation of Medical Image Watermarking with Tamper Detection and Recovery (AW-TDR)," in The 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, 2007, pp. 5661-5664.
 R.-C. Ra├║l, F.-U. Claudia, and T.-B. Gershom de J., "Data Hiding Scheme for Medical Images," in Proc. 17th International Conference on Electronics, Communications and Computers CONIELECOMP '07 2007, pp. 32-37.
 A. Giakoumaki, S. Pavlopoulos, and D. Koutsouris, "A medical image watermarking scheme based on wavelet transform," in Proc. 25" Annual Intemational Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2003, pp. 856 - 859
 A. Giakoumaki, S. Pavlopoulos, and D. Koutsouris, "A Multiple Watermarking Scheme Applied to Medical Image Management," in Proc. 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, 2004, pp. 3241- 3244.
 A. Giakoumaki, S. Pavlopoulos, and D. Koutsouris, "Multiple Digital Watermarking Applied to Medical Imaging," in Proc. 2005 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 27th Annual Conference, 2005, pp. 3444 - 3447.
 A. Giakoumaki, S. Pavlopoulos, and D. Koutsouris, "Secure and efficient health data management through multiple watermarking on medical images" Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, vol. 44, pp. 619-631, 2006.
 A. Giakoumaki, S. Pavlopoulos, and D. Koutsouris, "Multiple Image Watermarking Applied to Health Information Management," IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, vol. 10, pp. 722- 732, 2006.
 M. Li, R. Poovendran, and S. Narayanan, "Protecting patient privacy against unauthorized release of medical images in a group communication environment," Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, vol. 29, pp. 367-383, 2005.
 J. H. K. Wu, R.-F. Chang, C.-J. Chen, C.-L. Wang, T.-H. Kuo, W. K. Moon, and D.-R. Chen, "Tamper Detection and Recovery for Medical Images Using Near-lossless Information Hiding Technique" Journal of Digital Imaging, vol. 21, pp. 59-76, 2008.
 C.-S. Woo, J. Du, and B. Pham, "Multiple Watermark Method for Privacy Control and Tamper Detection in Medical Images," in Proc. APRS Workshop on Digital Image Computing Pattern Recognition and Imaging for Medical Applications, 2005, pp. 43-48.
 J. Tian, "Reversible Data Embedding Using a Difference Expansion," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 13, pp. 890-896, 2003.
 X. Guo and T.-g. Zhuang, "A Region-Based Lossless Watermarking Scheme for Enhancing Security of Medical Data," Journal of Digital Imaging, vol. 0, pp. 1-12, 2007.
 K.-H. Chiang, K.-C. Chang-Chien, R.-F. Chang, and H.-Y. Yen, "Tamper Detection and Restoring System for Medical Images Using Wavelet-based Reversible Data Embedding," Journal of Digital Imaging, vol. 21, pp. 77-90, 2008.