Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32295
Some Physico-Chemical and Nutritional Properties of `Musmula` Medlar (Mespilus germanica L.) Grown in Northeast Anatolia
Authors: Ismail Hakki Kalyoncu, Nilda Ersoy, Ayse Yalcin Elidemir, Inci Tolay
Abstract:In this study, The physico-chemical and nutritional properties of `Musmula` Medlar (Mespilus germanica L.) fruit and seed grown in Northeast Anatolia was investigated. In the fruit, length, width, thickness, weight, total soluble solids, colour (1), colour (2) [L, a, b values], protein, crude ash, crude fiber, crude oil, texture and pH were determinated as 4.34 cm, 4.22 cm, 3.67 cm, 38.36 g, 23.97 %, S60O60Y41,, [53.85, 17.15, 33.75], 1.06 %, 0.79 %, 4.24 %, 0.005 %, 1.21 kg/cm2 and 4.26 respectively. Also, pulp ratio, seed ratio and pulp/seed ratio were found to be 92.88 %, 7.11 % and 14.07 %, respectively. In addition, the mineral composition of medlar fruit in Northeast Anatolia was studied. In the fruit, 23 minerals were analyzed and 19 minerals were present at detectable levels. The medlar fruit was richest in potassium (6962 ppm), calcium (1186.378 ppm), magnesium (1070.08 ppm) and phosphor (763.425 ppm).
Keywords: Fruits, Mespilus germanica L., mineral compounds, physico-chemical properties.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1329482Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3219
 T. Baytop, "Treatment with Plants in Turkey. In the past and today", p. 299, Second edition, Nobel Tip kitabevleri, Capa-Istanbul, 1999.
 Davis, P. H., 1972. Flora of Turkey. Edinburg Univ. Press, Edinburg, England.
 H. Haciseferogullari, M. Ozcan, M.H. Sonmete, O. Ozbek, "Some physical and chemical parameters of wild medlar (Mespilus germanica L.) fruit grown in Turkey", Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 69, pp. 1-7, 2005.
 A. Romero-Rodriguez, J. Simal-Lozano, L. Vazguez-Oderiz, J. Lopez- Hernandez, M. J. Gonzalez-Castro, "Physical, physicochemical and chemical changes during maturation of medlars and persimmons", Deutsche Lebensmittel-Rundschau, vol. 96, pp. 142-145, 2000.
 R. H. Glew, F. A. Ayaz, D. J. Vanderjagt, M. Millson,, R. Dris, R. Niskanen, "A Research note mineral composition of medlar (Mespilus germanica) fruit at different stages of maturity", Journal of Food Quality, vol. 26, pp. 441-447, 2003.
 F. A. Ayaz, R. H. Glew, H. S. Huang, L. T. Chuang, D. J. VanderJagt, M. Strnad, "Evolution of fatty acids in medlar (Mespilus germanica L.) mesocarp at different stages of ripening", Grasas y Aceites, vol. 53, pp. 352-356, 2002.
 S. De Pascual-Teresa, C. Santos-Buelga, J. C. Rivas-Gonzalo, "Quantitative analysis of flavan-3-ols in Spanish food stuffsand beverages", Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 48, pp. 5331-5337, 2000.
 R. H. Glew, F. A. Ayaz, C. Sanz, D. J. VanderJagt, H. S. Huang, L. T. Chuang, M. Strnad, "Changes in sugars, organic acids and amino acids in medlar (Mespilus germanica L.) during fruit development and maturation", Food Chemistry, vol. 83, pp. 363-369, 2003.
 N. Aydin, A. Kadioglu, "Changes in The chemical composition, polyphenol oxidase and eroxidase activities during development and ripening of Medlar fruits (Mespilus germanica L.)", Bulg. J. Plant Physiol., vol. 27, vol. 3-4, pp. 85-92., 2001.
 S. Ercisli, "The selection and propagation of rosehips (Rosa spp.) naturally grown in Gumushane region of Turkey", PhD Thesis, Ataturk Univ., Erzurum, 1996.
 B. Cemeroglu, J. Acar, "Fruit and vegetable processing technology", Turkish Association of Food Technologists, Publ. No. 6, p. 508, 1986.
 H. Kuppers, "Der Grobe Kuppers-FarbenatlasVarlag Gearg D. W. Collwey GmbH", M├╝nchen, p. 224, 1987.
 A. Rommel, D. A. Heatherbell, R. E. Wrolstad, "Red raspberry juice and wine: Effect of processing and storage on anthocyanin pigment composition, colour and appearance", J. Food Sci., vol. 55, pp. 1011- 1017, 1990.
 M. Pekmezci, "Researches on storage of Kutdiken lemons", Cukurova University, Agricultural Faculty, Publication number: 158, Adana, Turkey, 1981.
 F. Demir, M. Ozcan, "Chemical and technological properties of rose (Rosa canina L.) fruits grown wild in Turkey", Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 47, pp. 333-336, 2001.
 AOAC, "Official methods of analysis", 14th ed., VA, USA: Association of Official Analytical chemists, Arlington, 1984.
 S. Skujins, "Handbook for ICP-AES (Varian-Vista). A short Guide To Vista Series ICP-AES Operation. Varian Int. AG, Zug, Version 1.0", Switzerland Soc. Food Sci. Technol., vol. 29, pp. 221-227, 1998.
 A. Eksi, "Research on natural chemical composition of cornelian juice", Ankara Univ. Agric. Fac. Publ., vol. 30, no. 3-4, pp. 443-449, 1982.