Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30988
Mycorrhizal Fungi Influence on Physiological Growth Indices in Basil Induced by Phosphorus Fertilizer under Irrigation Deficit Conditions
Abstract:This experiment was carried out to study the effect of AMF, drought stress and phosphorus on physiological growth indices of basil at Iran using by a split-plot design with three replications. The main-plot factor included: two levels of irrigation regimes (control=no drought stress and irrigation after 80 evaporation= drought stress condition) while the sub-plot factors included phosphorus (0, 35 and 70 kg/ha) and application and non-application of Glomus fasciculatum. The results showed that total dry matter (TDM), life area index (LAI), relative growth rate (RGR) and crop growth rate (CGR) were all highly significantly different among the phosphorus, whereas drought stress had effect of practical significance on TDM, LAI, RGR and CGR. The results also showed that the highest TDM, LAI, RGR and CGR were obtained from application of Glomus fasciculatum under no-drought condition.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1074501Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1305
 R. M. Auge, A. J. Stodola, M. S. Brown, and G. J. Bethlenfatvay, "Stomatal response of mycorrhizal cowpea and soybean to short-term osmotic stress". New phytol., vol. 120, 1992, pp. 117-125.
 R. M. Auge, K. A. Schekel, and R. L. Wample, "Osmotic adjustmen in leaves VA mycorrhizal nonmycorrhizal rose plant in response to drought stress". Plant Physiol., vol. 82, 1986, pp. 765-770.
 R. M. Auge, "Water relation, drought and VA mycorrhizal simbiosis". Mycorrhiza., vol. 11, 2001, pp. 3-42.
 J. B. Baon, S. E. Smith, and A. M. Alston, "Mycorrhizal responses of barley cultivars differing in P efficiency". Plant and Soil., vol. 157, no. 1, 1993, pp. 97-105.
 G. J. Bethenfalway, M. S. Brown, R. N. Ames, and TR. S. Homas, "Effects of drought on host and endophyte development in mycorrhizal soybeans in relation to water use and phosphate uptake". Plant Physiol. vol. 72, 1998, pp. 565-571.
 S. S. Dhanda, G. S. Sethi, and R. K. Behl, "Indices of Drought Tolerance in Wheat Genotypes at Early Stages of Plant Growth". J. Agron. Crop. Scie., vol. 190, no. 1, 2004, pp. 6-12.
 A. H. Fitter, "Functioning of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas under field conditions". New Phytol., vol. 99, 1985, pp. 257-265.
 J. H. Graham, J. P. Syvertsten, and M. L. Smith, "Water relations of mycorrhizal and phosphorus-fertilized non-mycorrhizal Citrus under drought stress". New phytol., vol. 105, 1987, pp. 411-419.
 M. A. Khalvati, Quantification of Water Uptake of hyphae contributing to barely subjected to drought conditions. Technical University of Munich, 2005, pp. 8-11.
 M. A. Khalvati, A. Mozafar, and U. Schmidhalter, "Quantification of Water Uptake by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Hyphae and its Significance for Leaf Growth, Water Relations, and Gas Exchange of Barley Subjected to Drought Stress". Plant Biology Stuttgart., vol. 7, no. 6, 2005, pp. 706-712.
 C. E. Nelsen, "The water relations of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal systems", In Ecophysiology of VA Mycorrhizal Plants, Ed. G. RSafir, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1987, pp. 71-91.
 J. M Ruiz-Lozano, R. Azcon, and M. Gomez, "Effects of Arbuscular- Mycorrhizal Glomus Species on Drought Tolerance: Physiological and Nutritional Plant Responses". Appl. Environ. Microbiol., vol. 61, no. 2, 1995, pp. 456-460.
 A. Vivas, "Physiological characteristics (SDH and ALP activities) of arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization as affected by Bacillus thuringiensis inoculation under two phosphorus levels". Soil. Bio. Biochem., vol. 35, no, 10, 2003, pp. 987-996.