Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32731
Enhancement of Visual Comfort Using Parametric Double Skin Façades

Authors: Ahmed Ashraf Khamis, Sherif A. Ibrahim, Mahmoud ElKhatieb, Mohamed A. Barakat


Parametric design deemed to be one of icons of the modern architectural trends that facilitates taking complex design decisions counting on altering various design parameters. Double skin façades are one of the parametric applications that are used in parametric designs. This paper opts to enhance different daylight parameters of a selected case study office building in Cairo using a parametric double skin façade. First, the design and optimization process was executed utilizing Grasshopper parametric design software package, in which the daylighting performance of the base case building model was compared with the one used in the double façade showing an enhancement in task plane illuminance by 180%. Second, execution drawings are made for the optimized design using Revit software. Finally, computerized digital fabrication stages of the designed model with various scales are demonstrated to reach the final design decisions using Simplify 3D for mock-up digital fabrication.

Keywords: Parametric design, Double skin façades, Digital Fabrication, Grasshopper, Simplify 3D.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 236


[1] OED, Oxford English dictionary. Oxford University Press, 2002.
[2] Lawson, B., How designers think: the design process demystified. Elsevier/Architectural, 2006. Oxford; Burlington, MA.
[3] Gero, J., Design prototypes: A knowledge representation schema for design. Ai magazine, 1990. 11(4): p. 26-36.
[4] Jabi, W.e., Parametric Design for Architecture. Laurence King, London, 2013.
[5] Dunn, N., Architectural Modelmaking Second Edition. London: Laurence King Publishing Ltd, 2014.
[6] Aish, R., Bentley’s GenerativeComponents. smart geometry conference, 2006. London: Bentley systems institution.
[7] Watson, A., Digital buildings — challenges and opportunities. Adv. Eng. Inform. 25 (2011) 573–581. , 2011.
[8] Ghaffarianhoseini, A., Ghaffarianhoseini, A., Berardi, U., Tookey, J., Li, D. H., & and S. Kariminia, Exploring the advantages and challenges of double-skin façades (DSFs). Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2016. Reviews, 60, 1052-1065.
[9] Oesterle, E., Double skin facades: integrated planning; building physics, construction, aerophysics, air-conditioning, economic viability. Prestel, 2001.
[10] Mardaljevic, J., "Rethinking daylighting and compliance.". 2013.
[11] Poirazis, H., Single and Double Skin Glazed Office Buildings." Division of Energy and Building Design,. Department of Architecture and Built Environment Lund University, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Report EBD., 2008.
[12] Ruck, N., et al., Daylight in Buildings-A source book on daylighting systems and components, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley (USA). 2000.
[13] America, I.E.S.o.N., Lighting handbook: reference & application, Illuminating Engineering. 2000.
[14] Mardaljevic, J., et al, Daylighting metrics: is there a relation between useful daylight illuminance and daylight glare probability. Proceedings of the building simulation and optimization conference (BSO12), Loughborough, UK, 2012.
[15] Hutama, D., Aspek Konteks Pada Wacana Fabrikasi Arsitektur. Https://332lab.Wordpress.Com/2013/12/18/Aspek-Konteks-Pada-. 2013.
[16] Kolarevic, B., Architecture in the Digital Age: Design and Manufacturing, Taylor & Francis Group, New York, 18., 2003.
[17] CEN, E., "Performative Topologies: An Evolutionary Shape Optimization Framework for Daylighting Performance Coupling a Particle-spring System with an Energy Simulation Tool." 2002.