Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32731
Motivations for Engaging in Consensual Non-Monogamous Relationships in North America: McClelland's Human Motivation Theory

Authors: Alisha Fisher

Abstract:

Exploring and engaging in intimate, sexual, and romantic relationships carries the opportunity of personal growth, pleasure, connection, and enhancement of well-being. As more and more North Americans begin to consider and engage in romantic and sexual orientations outside of monogamy, the question of their motivations arises. We utilize McClelland's human motivation theory to investigate the intersections of motivational attributes for North Americans engaging in consensual non-monogamous (CNM) relationships. The need for achievement, power, and affiliation all influence and interact with each other within CNM relationships. The interplay of these motivations is vital for CNM relational structures to operate and effectively navigate conflict. Further studies should explore these motivational components within the individuals who practice CNM and examining the differences in various CNM relational structures.

Keywords: Consensual non-monogamy, motivations for non-monogamy, McClelland Motivation theory, CNM.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 399

References:


[1] Wosick, K. R. (2012). Sex, love and fidelity: A study of romantic relationships. New York: Cambria Press.
[2] Finn, M. D. (2010). Conditions of freedom in practices of non-monogamous commitment. In M. Barker & D. Langdridge (Eds.), Understanding non-monogamies (pp. 225–236). New York: Routledge.
[3] Finn, M. D. (2012). Monogamous order and the avoidance of chaotic excess. Psychology and Sexuality, 3(2), 123–136.
[4] Hardy, J. W. Easton, D. (2017). The ethical slut, third edition: A practical guide to polyamory, open relationships, and other freedoms in sex and love. Ten Speed Press.
[5] Fairbrother, N., Hart, T., & Fairbrother, M. (2019). Open relationship prevalence, characteristics, and correlates in a nationally representative sample of Canadian adults. Journal of Sex Research. 56. 695-704. 10.1080/00224499.2019.1580667.
[6] Taormino, T. (2008). Opening up: A guide to creating and sustaining open relationships. Cleis Press.
[7] McArdle, E. (2021, August 3). Polyamory and the law. Harvard Law Today. https://today.law.harvard.edu/polyamory-and-the-law/.
[8] Séguin, L. J. (2019). The good, the bad, and the ugly: Lay attitudes and perceptions of polyamory. Sexualities, 22, 669–690. https:// doi. org/10. 1177/ 13634 60717 713382
[9] Rubel, A. N., & Bogaert, A. F. (2015). Consensual nonmonogamy: Psychological well-being and relationship quality correlates. Journal of Sex Research, 52(9), 961–982
[10] Wood, J., Desmarais, S., Burleigh, T., & Milhausen, R. R. (2018). Reasons for sex and relational outcomes in consensually non-monogamous and monogamous relationships: A self-determination theory approach. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 35(18), 632–654.
[11] Pieper, M., & Bauer. R. (2005). Call for papers: International conference on polyamory and mono-normativity. University of Hamburg, 5–6 November 2005.
[12] McClelland, D. C. (1961). The achieving society. Van Nostrand.
[13] Eccles, J. S., Wigfield, A., & Schiefele, U. (1998). Motivation to succeed. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 1017–1095). John Wiley & Sons, Inc..
[14] Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370–396. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0054346
[15] Lester, D. (2013). Measuring Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Psychological Reports, 113(1), 1027–9.
[16] Wood, J., Desmarais, S. (2021). Motivations for engaging in consensually non-monogamous relationships. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 50(4), 1253–1272. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-020-01873-x