Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32468
Research on Emotional Healing Street Furniture under the Background of Urban Micro-Renewal

Authors: Tanhao Gao, Hongtao Zhou


With the COVID-19 pandemic spreading worldwide, people are facing more significant mental pressure. The government and social groups are sparing no effort to find ways to heal people's emotions and return to normal life. Therefore, research on emotional healing has urgency and practical significance. From the perspective of urban planning, street furniture has the potential to become "emotional healing touchpoints." This study first analyzed the suitable places for adding emotional healing street furniture in the background of urban micro-renewal and combined the 15-minute living circle, the leftover space, and urban acupuncture theories, then used the 5W analysis method to show the main characteristics of emotionally healing street furniture. Finally, the research discovers four design strategies, which can be summarized as: A. Exploring the renewal potential of the leftover space; B. Integrating with local culture and the surrounding environment; C. Discovering quick and straightforward ways of interaction; D. Finding a delicate balance between artistry and functionality. Then, we take one emotional healing street furniture located on Chifeng Road as an example to show the design strategies vividly.

Keywords: Emotional healing, street furniture, urban micro-renewal, urban acupuncture.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 292


[1] Miao, P., 2011. Brave new city: Three problems in Chinese urban public space since the 1980s. Journal of Urban Design, 16(2), pp.179-207.
[2] Gaubatz, P., 2008. New public space in urban China. Fewer walls, more malls in Beijing, Shanghai and Xining. China Perspectives, 2008(2008/4), pp.72-83.
[3] Chen, Z., 2010. The production of urban public space under Chinese market economic reform: A case study of Shenzhen. HKU Theses Online (HKUTO).
[4] Cheng, H. and Worrall, J., 2021. The Influence of Public Art in Developing Chinese Urban Public Space: Current Trends and Future Directions. Cities' Identity Through Architecture and Arts, pp.157-165.
[6] Yang, B. and Volkman, N.J., 2010. From traditional to contemporary: Revelations in Chinese garden and public space design. Urban Design International, 15(4), pp.208-220.
[7] Wang, D., 2003. Street culture in Chengdu: public space, urban commoners, and local politics, 1870-1930. Stanford University Press.
[8] Jing, J., 2018. Micro Urban Renewal: Community Gardens in Shanghai.
[9] Shen, P. and Zhang, S., 2019. From Single Subject to Multiple Stakeholder Participation: Analysis of the Micro-renewal of Public SpacesA Case Study of Siping Road Sub-district in Shanghai. In Urban Plan. Forum (Vol. 3, pp. 103-110).
[11] Moreno, C., Allam, Z., Chabaud, D., Gall, C. and Pratlong, F., 2021. Introducing the “15-Minute City”: Sustainability, Resilience and Place Identity in Future Post-Pandemic Cities. Smart Cities, 4(1), pp.93-111.
[12] Pozoukidou, G. and Chatziyiannaki, Z., 2021. 15-Minute City: Decomposing the New Urban Planning Eutopia. Sustainability, 13(2), p.928.
[13] Balletto, G., Ladu, M., Milesi, A. and Borruso, G., 2021. A Methodological Approach on Disused Public Properties in the 15-Minute City Perspective. Sustainability, 13(2), p.593.
[14] Guzman, L.A., Arellana, J., Oviedo, D. and Aristizábal, C.A.M., 2021. COVID-19, activity and mobility patterns in Bogotá. Are we ready for a ‘15-minute city’?. Travel Behaviour and Society, 24, pp.245-256.
[15] Weng, M., Ding, N., Li, J., Jin, X., Xiao, H., He, Z. and Su, S., 2019. The 15-minute walkable neighborhoods: Measurement, social inequalities and implications for building healthy communities in urban China. Journal of Transport & Health, 13, pp.259-273.
[17] Ni, M., 2017, July. Open your space: a design activism initiative in Chinese urban community. In International Conference on Cross-Cultural Design (pp. 412-431). Springer, Cham.
[18] Akkerman, A. and Cornfeld, A.F., 2010. Greening as an urban design metaphor: looking for the city’s soul in leftover spaces. The Structurist, 49(50), pp.30-35.
[19] Wang, F., 2017. Streets and Lanes: The Gradual Vanishing of Public Space, Public Life and Urbanity in Chinese Cities.
[20] Xue, C.Q., Sun, C. and Zhang, L., 2020. Producing cultural space in the Chinese cities: a case study of grand theaters in Shanghai. Journal of Architecture and Urbanism, 44(1), pp.32-43.
[21] Luofeng, Q., Yunzi, W. and Feilong, Y., 2018. Research on the Activation and Symbiosis Strategy of Leftover Space in Network-city Based on “Rhizome” Concept. Architecture & Culture, p.09.
[22] Shi, J., 2016. Study of the leftover space in the city based on reutilization: Take the space under elevated road in Shanghai as an example (Master's thesis, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya).
[23] Qamaruz-Zaman, N., Samadi, Z. and Azhari, N.F.N., 2018. Under the flyovers of Kuala Lumpur: User centered activities in leftover spaces. Journal of Asian Behavioural Studies, 3(7), pp.141-151.
[24] De Monchaux, N., 2016. Local code: 3,659 proposals about data, design & the nature of cities. Princeton Architectural Press.
[26] Hoogduyn, R., 2014. Urban Acupuncture" Revitalizing urban areas by small scale interventions".
[27] Houghton, K., Foth, M. and Miller, E., 2015. Urban acupuncture: Hybrid social and technological practices for hyperlocal placemaking. Journal of Urban Technology, 22(3), pp.3-19.
[28] Shidan, C. and Qian, S., 2011, April. Notice of Retraction: “Urban Acupuncture” strategy in the Urban Renewal. In 2011 International Conference on Electric Technology and Civil Engineering (ICETCE) (pp. 1859-1862). IEEE.
[29] Lastra, A. and Pojani, D., 2018. ‘Urban acupuncture’ to alleviate stress in informal settlements in Mexico. Journal of Urban Design, 23(5), pp.749-762.
[30] Shieh, L., 2006. Urban acupuncture as a strategy for São Paulo (Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology).
[32] Wenxiu, P., 2015. Analysis of new media communication based on Lasswell’s “5W” model. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 5(3), pp.245-245.
[33] Rowe, F., Ngwenyama, O. and Richet, J.L., 2020. Contact-tracing apps and alienation in the age of COVID-19. European Journal of Information Systems, 29(5), pp.545-562.
[34] Roy, D., Tripathy, S., Kar, S.K., Sharma, N., Verma, S.K. and Kaushal, V., 2020. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic. Asian journal of psychiatry, 51, p.102083.
[35] Healey, P., 1998. Collaborative planning in a stakeholder society. The Town Planning Review, pp.1-21.
[36] Carmona, M., De Magalhães, C. and Edwards, M., 2002. Stakeholder views on value and urban design. Journal of Urban Design, 7(2), pp.145-169.
[37] Casagrande, M., 2020. From urban acupuncture to the Third Generation City. In Nature Driven Urbanism (pp. 131-153). Springer, Cham.
[38] England, R., 2020. Rethinking emotion as a natural kind: Correctives from Spinoza and hierarchical homology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 84, p.101327.
[39] Ornell, F., Schuch, J.B., Sordi, A.O. and Kessler, F.H.P., 2020. “Pandemic fear” and COVID-19: mental health burden and strategies. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 42(3), pp.232-235.
[40] Gubler, D.A., Makowski, L.M., Troche, S.J. and Schlegel, K., 2020. Loneliness and well-being during the Covid-19 pandemic: Associations with personality and emotion regulation. Journal of Happiness Studies, pp.1-20.
[41] Stanley, B.L., Zanin, A.C., Avalos, B.L., Tracy, S.J. and Town, S., 2021. Collective Emotion During Collective Trauma: A Metaphor Analysis of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Qualitative Health Research, p.10497323211011589.
[42] Sieck, G.C., 2020. Physiology in Perspective: The New Normal—Life in a Pandemic. Physiology, 35(4), pp.220-221.