Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32731
Bedouin Weaving Techniques: Source of Textile Innovation

Authors: Omaymah AlAzhari

Abstract:

Nomadic tribes have always had the need to relocate and build shelters, moving from one site to another in search of food, water, and natural resources. They are affected by weather and seasonal changes and consequently started innovating textiles to build better shelters. Their solutions came from the observation of their natural environment, material, and surroundings. ‘AlRahala’ Nomadic Bedouin tribes from the Middle East and North African region have used textiles as a fundamental architectural element in their tent structure, ‘Bayt AlShar’ (House of Hair). The nomadic tribe has innovated their textile to create a fabric that is more suited to change in climatic and weather conditions. They used sheep, goat, or camel hair to weave the textiles to make their shelters. The research is based on existing literature on the weaving technicalities used by these tribes, based on their available materials encountered during travel. To conclude how they create the traditional textiles and use in the tents are a rich source of information for designers to create innovative solutions of modern-day textiles and environmentally responsive products.

Keywords: AlRahala Nomadic Tribes, Bayt AlShar, tent structure, textile innovation.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 438

References:


[1] Alnajadah, Ali. “Bait-Al-Sha’Ar: A Kuwaiti Traditional Bedouin Mobile Home at Risk.” Art & Architecture Magazine, 2019, pp. 46–59., doi:10.21608/mjaf.2018.20428.
[2] Angelopoulou, Sofia Lekka. “The Nomad Pavilion, a Self-Sustaining, Modernized Bedouin Tent in the Jordan Desert.” Designboom, 1 May 2018, http://www.designboom.com/architecture/the-nomad-pavilion-self-sustaining-modernized-bedouin-tent-jordan-desert-05-01-2018/
[3] Attia, Shady. “Assessing the Thermal Performance of Bedouin Tents in Hot Climates.” Jan. 2014.
[4] Baird, Ileana, and Hülya Yagcioglu. All Things Arabia: Arabian Identity and Material Culture. Brill, 2021.
[5] Kłosowski Pawel and Zagubień Adam. “Viscoplastic Properties of Coated Textile Material "Panama" and Its Usage for Hanging Roofs.” Lightweight Structures in Civil Engineering, 24 June 2002, pp. 627–634.
[6] Ceginskas Lindström, Vera. “Bedouin Tents, Black Wool and a Cactus.” Spatial Experiments, 18 Sept. 2016, https://spatialexperiments.wordpress.com/2016/09/18/bedouin-tents-black-wool-and-a-cactus/
[7] Imbesi, Lorenzo. “Design for Post-Industrial Societies: Re-Thinking Research and Education for Contemporary Innovation.” Carleton University, 2011.
[8] “Revealed: The World's First Self-Repairing Tent.” Camping News - Camping - Out and About Live, 11 Feb. 2018, http://www.outandaboutlive.co.uk/camping/news/revealed-the-worlds-first-self-repairing-tent
[9] Patowary, Kaushik. “Mina, The City of Tents.” Amusing Planet, Blogger, 23 Dec. 2018, http://www.amusingplanet.com/2014/08/mina-city-of-tents.html
[10] Ryder, Michael. “The Use of Goat Hair: An Introductory Historical Review.” 1 Nov. 1993, pp. 37–46.