Modeling of Silicon Solar Cell with Anti-Reflecting Coating
Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32856
Modeling of Silicon Solar Cell with Anti-Reflecting Coating

Authors: Ankita Gaur, Mouli Karmakar, Shyam

Abstract:

In this study, a silicon solar cell has been modeled and analyzed to enhance its performance by improving the optical properties using an anti-reflecting coating (ARC). The dynamic optical reflectance, transmittance along with the net transmissivity absorptivity product of each layer are assessed as per the diurnal variation of the angle of incidence using MATLAB 2019. The model is tested with various anti-reflective coatings and the performance has also been compared with uncoated cells. ARC improves the optical transmittance of the photon. Higher transmittance of ⁓96.57% with lowest reflectance of ⁓ 1.74% at 12.00 hours was obtained with MgF2 coated silicon cells. The electrical efficiency of the configured solar cell was evaluated for a composite climate of New Delhi, India, for all weather conditions. The annual electricity generation for anti-reflective coated and uncoated crystalline silicon PV Module was observed to be 103.14 KWh and 99.51 KWh, respectively.

Keywords: Anti-reflecting coating, electrical efficiency, reflectance, solar cell, transmittance.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 461

References:


[1] W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, Detailed Balance Limit of Efficiency of p-n Junction Solar Cells, Journal of Applied Physics (1961), 32(3), 510-19.
[2] Richard M. Swanson, Approaching the 29% limit efficiency of silicon solar cells, IEEE Transaction (2005), 7803-87074/05.
[3] Yuqin GU, Chunrong XUE, Mingliang Zheng, Technologies to reduce optical losses of silicon solar cells, Advanced Materials Research (2014), 953-954, 91-94.
[4] G. Kumaravelu, M. MAlkaiii, A. Bittar, Surface texturing for silicon solar cells using reactive ion etching technique, IEEE photovoltaic specialist conference (2002), 7803-7471-1.
[5] Min Su Kim, Ju Heon Lee, Moon Kyu Kwak, Review: Surface Texturing Methods for Solar Cell Efficiency Enhancement, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing (2020), 12541-020-00337-5.
[6] Xiaoyu Sun, Jielei Tu, Lei Li, Weinan Zhang, Kai Hu, Preparation of wide-angle and abrasion-resistant multi-layer antireflective coatings by MgF2 and SiO2 mixed sol, Colloids and Surfaces (2020), A 602, 125106.
[7] Lee, S., Choi, S., Yi, J, Double-layer anti-reflection coating using MgF2 and CeO2 films on a crystalline silicon substrate, Thin Solid Films (2000), 376, 208–213.
[8] R. Sharma, Amit Gupta, Ajit Virdi, Effect of single- and double-layer antireflection coating to enhance photovoltaic efficiency of silicon solar, Journal of nano and electronic physics (2017), 9(2), 02001(4), 2077-6772.
[9] M. Rajvikram, S. Leoponraj, A method to attain power optimality and efficiency in solar panel,Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences (2018), 7, 705–708.
[10] K.R. McIntosh, T.C. KhO, K.C. Fong, S.C. Baker-Finch, Y. Wan, N. Zin, E.T. Frankhn, D. Wang, M.D. Abbott, N.E. Grant, E. Wang, M. Stocks, A.W. Blakers, Quantifying the Optical Losses in Back-contact Solar Cells, IEEE PVSC (2014), 78-1-4799-4398-2.
[11] S. Krauter, R.Hanitsch, Actual optical and thermal performance of PV-modules, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells (1996), 41-42, 557–574.
[12] Khuram Ali, Sohail A. Khan, M. Z. Mat Jafri, Effect of Double Layer (SiO2/TiO2) Anti-reflective Coating on Silicon Solar Cells, International Journal of Electrochemical Science (2014), 9, 7865 – 7874.
[13] https://www.pveducation.org
[14] P. Hoang, V. Bourdin, Q. Liu, G. Caruso, V. Archambault, coupling optical and thermal models to accurately predict PV panel electricity production, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells (2014), 125, 325–338.
[15] Ankita Gaur, G.N. Tiwari, Performance of Photovoltaic modules of different solar cells, Journal of Solar Energy (2013), 734581.
[16] G.N. Tiwari, Arvind Tiwari, Shyam, Handbook of Solar Energy, Theory, Analysis and Applications (2016), Springer, USA.G. O. Young, “Synthetic structure of industrial plastics (Book style with paper title and editor),” in Plastics, 2nd ed. vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15–64.