Implication of Taliban’s Recent Relationship with Neighboring Countries and Its Impact on the Current Peace Process
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Implication of Taliban’s Recent Relationship with Neighboring Countries and Its Impact on the Current Peace Process

Authors: Lutfurahman Aftab


The Taliban’s relationships with the neighboring countries are a complex political issue that local people interpret one way, and politicians have different perceptions; therefore, it is a current issue that needs to be analyzed broadly and impartially. In this article, we investigate the Taliban’s current relationships with the neighboring countries, as well as look at the effects these relationships have on the current peace negotiations in Doha, which began on September 12, 2020. The issue of Taliban and the current peace process has turned to be the center-of-attention for most of the neighboring countries, and every country has opened new pages in their foreign policies because after the Taliban-US peace agreement, the neighboring countries are meticulously and closely observing the situation and they believe that the Taliban is on the verge to tighten their grips on the future political power of Afghanistan. Every neighboring country of Afghanistan has political, economic, and social interests in this land-locked country. The Taliban’s current role within the peace talks and anticipated future position within the Afghan government will have great political, economic, and social implications on countries in the region as they assess their foreign policies. As these countries move to form closer ties with the Taliban, the government of Afghanistan is worried that this may hinder the peace process. Afghanistan has long blamed Pakistan for sheltering the Taliban and providing safe havens for the terrorist groups, including Al Qaeda, and the recent visits of Taliban’s delegations to Islamabad, Pakistan, have raised concern among government officials in Afghanistan who believe that the Taliban is not independent in their decisions, and for every step they take, are consulting with Pakistan’s political leadership.

Keywords: peace process, USA, Afghanistan, Taliban

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[2] Statista Research Department (Jul 9, 2020) “Number of fatalities among Western coalition soldiers involved in the execution of Operation Enduring Freedom from 2001 to 2020”.
[3] For details about the history of US casualties: “American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics”. Prepared by “congressional research service” for the members and committees of congress. Updated July 29, 2020.
[4] U.S. Department of State, (February 29, 2020) “Joint Declaration Between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the United States of America for bringing Peace to Afghanistan,”
[5] See for details: Jehl, Douglas (1998-09-12). "For Death of Its Diplomats, Iran Vows Blood for Blood". The New York Times.
[6] Zachary Cohen (August 17, 2020) “US intelligence indicates Iran paid bounties to Taliban for targeting American troops in Afghanistan”. Published by CNN.
[7] see for details tweet of Taliban’s spokesman, Suhail Shahen.
[8] see for details tweet of Taliban spokesman, Dr. M.Naeem.
[9] see for e.g. Ahmad Majidyar (May 15, 2018) “Afghans blame Iran and Pakistan for Taliban’s rapid gains in Farah Province”. Published by “Middle East Institute”.
[10] Donald Trump, Twitter post, January 1, 2018, 4:12 a.m.,
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[13] Aljazeera (Oct. 25, 2018) “Afghan Taliban founder Mullah Baradar ‘released’ by Pakistan”. Published by: Aljazeera.
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[17] Reuters Staff (Aug. 12, 2018) “Afghan Taliban delegation visits Uzbekistan to talk security, power lines”.