Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31742
Urban Resilience: Relation between COVID-19 and Urban Environment in Amman City

Authors: Layla Mujahed

Abstract:

COVID-19 is an exam for all the city’s systems. It shows many gaps in the systems such as healthcare, economic, social, and environment. This pandemic is paving for a new era, an era of technology and it has changed people’s lives, such as physical, and emotional changes, and converting communication into digitalized. The effect of COVID-19 has covered all urban city parts. COVID-19 will not be the last pandemic our cities will face. For that, more researches focus on enhancing the quality of the urban environment. This pandemic encourages a rethinking of the environment’s role, especially in cities. Cities are trying to provide the best suitable strategies and regulations to prevent the spread of COVID-19, and an example of that is Amman city. Amman has a high increment in the number of COVID-19 infected people, while it has controlled the situation for months. For that, this paper studies the relation between COVID-19 and urban environmental studies cases about cities around the world, and learns from their models to face COVID-19. In Amman, people’s behavior has changed towards public transportation and public green spaces. N­ew governmental regulations focus on increasing people’s mental awareness, supporting local businesses, and enhancing neighborhood planning that can help Amman to face any future pandemics.

Keywords: COVID-19, urban environment, urban planning, urban resilience.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 620

References:


[1] (GLA), G. L. A. (2020a). Coronavirus (COVID-19) Cases.
[2] (GLA), G. L. A. (2020b). Coronavirus (COVID-19) Deaths.
[3] A, C., A, T., & H, G. (2004). The impact on mental wellbeing of the urban and physical environment: an assessment of the evidence. J Mental Health Promot, 3(2), 17-32.
[4] AE, V. d. B., J, M., & al, V. R. e. (2010). Green space as a buffer between stressful life events and health. Soc Sci Med, 70(8), 1203-1210.
[5] Al-Tammemi*, A. a. B. (2020). The Battle against COVID-19 in Jordan: An Early Overview of the Jordanian Experience. Frontiers in Public Health.
[6] Alcantud, A., Badia, M., & Santamaria, M. (2020). Covid-19 and the future of cities: 5 keys to keep moving towards local sustainability. CitiesToBe.
[7] Alwan, N., Bhopal, R. S., Burgess, R., Colbourn, T. E., Cuevas, L. E., Smith, G. D., . . . Smith, J. (2020). Evidence informing the UK's COVID-19 public health response must be transparent. The Lancet Journal.
[8] Anderson, R. M., Hollingsworth, T. D., Baggaley, R. F., Maddren, R., & Vegvari, C. (2020). COVID-19 spread in the UK: the end of the beginning? The Lancet Journal, 20.
[9] Authority, G. L. (2020). COVID-19 Deaths Mapping Tool. London Data Store.
[10] Authority, G. L. (2020). COVID-19: socio-economic risk factors briefing. London Data Store.
[11] Barthel, S., & Andersson, E. (2020). What cities need to learn from Covid-19. Stockholm Resilience Centre.
[12] Boseley, S. (2020). Test and trace: lessons from Hong Kong on avoiding a coronavirus lockdown. The guardian.
[13] Buchholz, K. (2019). The Countries With the Best Work-Life Balance.
[14] Buono, M. G. D., Iannaccone, G., Camilli, M., Buono, R. D., & Aspromonte, N. (2020). The Italian Outbreak of COVID-19: Conditions, Contributors, and Concerns. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 95(6).
[15] Chong, B. (2020). 5 must-do’s on urban resilience. The Resilience Shift.
[16] CIC, G. I. f. G. L. (2018). London’s Open Spaces. Retrieved from https://www.gigl.org.uk/londons-open-spaces/
[17] Cities, B. a. g. i. E. o. f. (2011). Rome, a green city, the example of Appia Antica Regional Park. Cerema.
[18] Cities for the Best Work-Life Balance 2019. (2019). Kisi.
[19] D'Alessandro, D., Gola, M., Appolloni, L., Dettori, M., Fara, G. M., Rebecchi, A., . . . Capolongo, S. (2020). COVID-19 and Living Spaces challenge. Well-being and Public Health recommendations for a healthy, safe, and sustainable housing. Acta bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis.
[20] Dashboard, P. C.-. (2020). London COVID-19 Cases.
[21] El-Bar, K. (2020). Public trust in UK government crashes in new poll. AA.
[22] England, N. (2020). London COVID-19 Daily Deaths.
[23] Forum, I. T. (2020). Re-spacing Our Cities For Resilience. OECD.
[24] Government, H. K. (2020). Hong Kong – the Facts.
[25] Government, I. (2020). Covid-19, situation in Italy.
[26] Gratani, L. (2020). Understanding the Benefits from Green Areas in Rome: The Role of Evergreen and Deciduous Species in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Capability. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 11(8), 1307-1318.
[27] Health, M. o. (2020). Daily COVID-19 Cases, Deaths and Recovered in Jordan. Retrieved from https://corona.moh.gov.jo/en
[28] HGSARG, H. K. P. d. (2016). Green and Blue Space Conceptual Framework. Planning department HGSARG.
[29] Hon, K. L., Leung, K. K., Leung, A. K., Qian, S. Y., Chan, V. P., Ip, P., & Wong, I. C. K. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): latest developments in potential treatments. Drugs in Context, 9, 1-14.
[30] K, N., & S, L. (2020). What does the global pandemic COVID-19 teach us? Some reflections. Journal of Urban Management.
[31] Kebede, T. A., Stave, S. E., Kattaa, M., & Prokop, M. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on enterprises in Jordan. UNDP.
[32] Kong, C. H. (2020). Citymapper index Hong Kong Retrieved from Source: Citymapper.com/cmi/hong kong
[33] Kong, E. C. H. (2020). Hong Kong Mid-Year Population Density in 2018. Retrieved from https://opendata.esrichina.hk/datasets/hong-kong-mid-year-population-density-in-2018
[34] Lawanson, T., Foley, L., Assah, F., Mogo, E., Mapa-Tassou, C., Ogunro, T., … Oni, T. (2020). The urban environment and leisure physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic: a view from Lagos. Cities & Health.
[35] Lee, C. (2020). Hong Kong’s public space problem. BBC.
[36] London, C. (2020). Citymapper Index London. Retrieved from Source: Citymapper.com/cmi/london
[37] Luck, T. (2020). How Jordan crushed the curve and halted Coronavirus in its tracks. The National.
[38] Maas, J., Verheij, R. A., Groenewegen, P., Vries, S. d., & Spreeuwenberg, P. (2006). Green space, urbanity, and health: How strong is the relation? Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 60(7), 587-592.
[39] Mangomap. (2020). London Population. Retrieved from https://mangomap.com/demographics/maps/50232/population#
[40] Ministry of Housing, C. L. G., Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Paul Scully MP, and The Rt Hon Robert Jenrick MP. (2020). Plans announced for London’s COVID-19 recovery.
[41] Monni, S., Lelo, K., & Tomassi, F. (2019). Le mappe della disuguaglianza. Donzelli.
[42] Monni, S., Tomassi, F., & Lelo, K. (2018). Urban Inequalities in Italy: A comparison between Rome, Milan and Naples. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 6(2), 939-957.
[43] Nations, U. (2020). Policy Brief: COVID-19 in an Urban World. United Nations.
[44] Nicola, F. G. (2020). Exporting the Italian Model to Fight COVID-19. The Regulatory Review.
[45] OECD. (2019). Work-Life Balance. OECD Better Life Index.
[46] Organizatioin, W. H. (2020). Q&A on coronaviruses (COVID-19).
[47] Organization, W. H. (2020). Hong Kong COVID-19 Deaths Trading economics. Retrieved from https://tradingeconomics.com/hong-kong/coronavirus-deaths
[48] Phathanothai, L. H. (2020). Towards More Equal and Resilient Cities Post-COVID-19. Global Dashboard.
[49] PIANTONI, V. (2020). Trust in government increases as the number of new Covid-19 cases slows down in Italy. La Stampa.
[50] Pisano, G. P., Sadun, R., & Zanini, M. (2020). Lessons from Italy’s Response to Coronavirus. Harvard Business Review
[51] Population, C. (2020a). City Population Rome Cases. Retrieved from citypopulation.de/en/italy/covid/lazio/058__roma/
[52] Population, C. (2020b). City Population Rome COVID-19 Deaths. Retrieved from citypopulation.de/en/italy/covid/lazio/058__roma/
[53] Prospects, W. U. (2019). World City Population.
[54] Region, T. G. o. t. H. K. S. A. (2020). Corona Virus Index. Retrieved from https://www.coronavirus.gov.hk/eng/index.html
[55] Ribeiro, H. V., Sunahara, A. S., Sutton, J., Perc, M., & Hanley, Q. (2020). City size and the spreading of COVID-19 in Brazil. PLoS ONE, 15(9).
[56] Rome, C. (2020). Citymapper Index Rome. Retrieved from Source: Citymapper.com/cmi/rome
[57] Statistic, D. o. (2018). Population of the kingdom by city.
[58] Study, C. S. (2020). COVID Symptom Study in UK. Retrieved from https://covid.joinzoe.com/data#interactive-map
[59] Suleiman, A., Bsisu, I., Guzu, H., Santarisi, A., Alsatari, M., Abbad, A., . . . Almustafa, M. (2020). Preparedness of Frontline Doctors in Jordan Healthcare Facilities to COVID-19 Outbreak. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 17(9).
[60] Tian, Y., Jim, C. Y., & Wang, H. (2013). Assessing the landscape and ecological quality of urban green spaces in a compact city. Landscape and Urban Planning, 121(121), 97-108.
[61] Times, T. J. (2015). For a greener Amman. The Jordan Times.
[62] Tracker, C. (2020). Corona Tracker in Jordan. Retrieved from https://www.coronatracker.com/country/jordan/
[63] Triggle, N. (2017). NHS ranked 'number one' health system. BBC News.
[64] Varrella, S. (2020). Distribution of green spaces in the city of Rome in Italy in 2018, by category.
[65] Wang, X., Pan, Y., Zhang, D., Chen, L., Jia, L., Li, X., . . . Macintyre, C. R. (2020). Basic epidemiological parameter values from data of real-world in mega-cities: the characteristics of COVID-19 in Beijing, China. BMC Infectious Diseases, 20.
[66] Werman, A. (2020). Jordan’s rising economic challenges in the time of COVID-19. Middle East Institute.
[67] Wong, S. Y. S., Kwok, K. O., & Chan, F. K. L. (2020). What can countries learn from Hong Kong's response to the COVID-19 pandemic? CMAJ, 192(19), E511-E515.
[68] Worldometer. (2020). Hong Kong Corona Virus Cases and Deaths.
[69] Yeung, J. (2020). Two weeks of zero local infections: How Hong Kong contained its second wave of Covid-19. CNN.
[70] Zordan, M., & Tsou, J. Y. (2020). Urban Transitions in Pandemic Scenarios: Insights from Hong Kong. Journal of ASIAN Behavioural Studies, 5(17).
[71] Zowalaty, M. E., & Järhult, J. D. (2020). From SARS to COVID-19: A previously unknown SARS-CoV-2 virus of pandemic potential infecting humans – Call for a One Health approach. One Health, 9.