Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31903
Relationship between Personality Traits and Postural Stability among Czech Military Combat Troops

Authors: K. Rusnakova, D. Gerych, M. Stehlik

Abstract:

Postural stability is a complex process involving actions of biomechanical, motor, sensory and central nervous system components. Numerous joint systems, muscles involved, the complexity of sporting movements and situations require perfect coordination of the body's movement patterns. To adapt to a constantly changing situation in such a dynamic environment as physical performance, optimal input of information from visual, vestibular and somatosensory sensors are needed. Combat soldiers are required to perform physically and mentally demanding tasks in adverse conditions, and poor postural stability has been identified as a risk factor for lower extremity musculoskeletal injury. The aim of this study is to investigate whether some personality traits are related to the performance of static postural stability among soldiers of combat troops. NEO personality inventory (NEO-PI-R) was used to identify personality traits and the Nintendo Wii Balance Board was used to assess static postural stability of soldiers. Postural stability performance was assessed by changes in center of pressure (CoP) and center of gravity (CoG). A posturographic test was performed for 60 s with eyes opened during quiet upright standing. The results showed that facets of neuroticism and conscientiousness personality traits were significantly correlated with measured parameters of CoP and CoG. This study can help for better understanding the relationship between personality traits and static postural stability. The results can be used to optimize the training process at the individual level.

Keywords: Neuroticism, conscientiousness, postural stability, combat troops.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 275

References:


[1] Knapik, J. J., Reynolds, K. L., & Harman, E. (2004). Soldier load carriage: historical, physiological, biomechanical, and medical aspects. Military medicine, 169(1), 45-56.
[2] Hřebíčková, M. (2004). NEO—PI—R. NEO osobnostní inventář (podle NEO-PI-R PT Costy a RR McCraee). První české vydání Testcentrum, Praha.
[3] Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (2000). Select on conscientiousness and emotional stability. Handbook of principles of organizational behavior, 15, 28.
[4] Dudley, N. M., Orvis, K. A., Lebiecki, J. E., & Cortina, J. M. (2006). A meta-analytic investigation of conscientiousness in the prediction of job performance: examining the intercorrelations and the incremental validity of narrow traits. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(1), 40.
[5] Poropat, A. E. (2009). A meta-analysis of the five-factor model of personality and academic performance. Psychological bulletin, 135(2), 322.
[6] Richardson, M., & Abraham, C. (2009). Conscientiousness and achievement motivation predict performance. European Journal of Personality, 23(7), 589-605.
[7] Sutin, A. R., Stephan, Y., & Terracciano, A. (2018). Facets of conscientiousness and objective markers of health status. Psychology & health, 33(9), 1100-1115.
[8] Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, S. G. B. (1965). The Eysenck personality inventory.
[9] McCrae, R. R., & Costa Jr, P. T. (2004). A contemplated revision of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory. Personality and individual differences, 36(3), 587-596.
[10] Križan, Z., Hisler, G., & Laceulle, O. (2019). Personality and sleep: Neuroticism and conscientiousness predict behaviourally recorded sleep years later. European Journal of Personality, 33(2), 133-153.
[11] Shariati, M., & Bakhtiari, S. (2011). Comparison of personality characteristics athlete and non-athlete student, Islamic Azad University of Ahvaz. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 2312-2315.
[12] McKelvie, S. J., Lemieux, P., & Stout, D. (2003). Extraversion and neuroticism in contact athletes, no contact athletes and non-athletes: A research note. Athletic insight, 5(3), 19-27.
[13] Eagleton, J. R., McKelvie, S. J., & De Man, A. (2007). Extra version and neuroticism in team sport participants, individual sport participants, and nonparticipants. Perceptual and motor skills, 105(1), 265-275.
[14] Eysenck, H. J., Nias, K. B. D., & Cox, D. N. (1982). Personality in sport. Advances in Behavioral Research and Therapy, 4, 1-56.
[15] Allen, M. S., Greenlees, I., & Jones, M. (2011). An investigation of the five-factor model of personality and coping behaviour in sport. Journal of sports sciences, 29(8), 841-850.
[16] Briñol, P., Petty, R. E., & Wagner, B. (2009). Body posture effects on self‐evaluation: A self‐validation approach. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39(6), 1053-1064.
[17] Dael, N., Mortillaro, M., & Scherer, K. R. (2012). Emotion expression in body action and posture. Emotion, 12(5), 1085.
[18] Tsai, H. Y., Peper, E., & Lin, I. M. (2016). EEG patterns under positive/negative body postures and emotion recall tasks. NeuroRegulation, 3(1), 23-23.
[19] Chou, W. Y., Chen, B. H., & Chiou, W. K. (2011, July). The interaction effect of posture and psychological stress on neck-shoulder muscle activity in typing: a pilot study. In International Conference on Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers (pp. 22-29). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
[20] Lipnicki, D. M., & Byrne, D. G. (2008). An effect of posture on anticipatory anxiety. International Journal of Neuroscience, 118(2), 227-237.
[21] Canales, J. Z., Cordás, T. A., Fiquer, J. T., Cavalcante, A. F., & Moreno, R. A. (2010). Posture and body image in individuals with major depressive disorder: a controlled study. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 32(4), 375-380.
[22] Guimond S, Massrieh W (2012) Intricate Correlation between Body Posture, Personality Trait and Incidence of Body Pain: A Cross- Referential Study Report
[23] Notarnicola, A., Perroni, F., Maccagnano, G., Monno, A., Fiorentino, N., Tafuri, S., & Moretti, B. (2017). Is postural asymmetry associated with emotional stability in healthy subjects? A preliminary study. Sport Sciences for Health, 13(3), 557-563.
[24] Fabrocini, B. (2016). The relationship between Posture, Stability, and Mobility.
[https://www.ptonthenet.com/articles/the-relationshipbetween- posture-stability-and-mobility-4039]
[25] Davis, J. R., Campbell, A. D., Adkin, A. L., & Carpenter, M. G. (2009). The relationship between fear of falling and human postural control. Gait & posture, 29(2), 275-279.
[26] Hauck, L. J., Carpenter, M. G., & Frank, J. S. (2008). Task-specific measures of balance efficacy, anxiety, and stability and their relationship to clinical balance performance. Gait & posture, 27(4), 676-682.
[27] Bolmont, B., Gangloff, P., Vouriot, A., & Perrin, P. P. (2002). Mood states and anxiety influence abilities to maintain balance control in healthy human subjects. Neuroscience letters, 329(1), 96-100.
[28] Coco, M., Fiore, A. S., Perciavalle, V., Maci, T., Petralia, M. C., & Perciavalle, V. (2015). Stress exposure and postural control in young females. Molecular medicine reports, 11(3), 2135-2140.
[29] Brown, L. A., Polych, M. A., & Doan, J. B. (2006). The effect of anxiety on the regulation of upright standing among younger and older adults. Gait & posture, 24(4), 397-405.
[30] Zaback, M., Cleworth, T. W., Carpenter, M. G., & Adkin, A. L. (2015). Personality traits and individual differences predict threat-induced changes in postural control. Human movement science, 40, 393-409.
[31] Balaban, C. D. (2002). Neural substrates linking balance control and anxiety. Physiology & behavior, 77(4-5), 469-475.
[32] Furman, J. M., & Jacob, R. G. (2001). A clinical taxonomy of dizziness and anxiety in the otoneurological setting. Journal of anxiety disorders, 15(1-2), 9-26.
[33] Kennedy, C., Higginson, C., Valenti, M., Ibrahim, K., Knarr, B., Ryan, R., & Higginson, J. (2019). A-12 Neuroticism and Extraversion are Related to Dual Task Postural Stability in Healthy Young Adults. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 34(6), 871-871.
[34] Wojciechowska-Maszkowska, B., Borzucka, D., & Rogowska, A. (2018). Impact of personality on postural control in football players-a pilot study. Probl Hig Epidem, 99(2), 180-184.
[35] Vařeka, I. (2002). Posturální stabilita (I. část): Terminologie a biomechanické principy. Rehabilitace a fyzikální lékařství, 9(4), 115- 121.
[36] Clark, R. A., Bryant, A. L., Pua, Y., McCrory, P., Bennell, K., & Hunt, M. (2010). Validity and reliability of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board for assessment of standing balance. Gait & posture, 31(3), 307-310.
[37] Habib, M. B., Waris, S., & Afzal, S. (2020). Personality traits predict in sports performance among University Athletes. The Spark A Hec Recognized Journal, 4, 149-159.
[38] Woodman, T., Zourbanos, N., Hardy, L., Beattie, S., & McQuillan, A. (2010). Do performance strategies moderate the relationship between personality and training behaviors? An exploratory study. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(2), 183-197.
[39] Ghaderi, D., & Ghaderi, M. (2012). Survey the relationship between big five factor, happiness and sport achievement in Iranian athletes. Annals of Biological Research, 3(1), 308-312.
[40] Perry, J., Ross, M., Weinstock, J., & Gfeller, J. (2017). Examining the Interrelationships between Motivation, Conscientiousness, and Individual Endurance Sport Performance. J. Sports Sci, 5, 146-156.
[41] Wojciechowska-Maszkowska, B., Borzucka, D., & Rogowska, A. (2020). A comparison of the balance skills, personality, and temperament of elite sports athletes and football players.
[42] Mount, M. K., Barrick, M. R., Scullen, S. M., & Rounds, J. (2005). Higher-order dimension of the Big Five personality traits and the Big Six vocational interest types. Personnel Psychology, 58, 447-478.