The Risk of In-work Poverty and Family Coping Strategies
Labor market activity and paid employment should be a key factor in protecting individuals and families from falling into poverty and providing them with sufficient resources to meet the needs of their members. However, due to various processes in the labor market as well as the influence of individual factors and often insufficient social capital, there is a relatively large group of households that cannot eliminate paid employment and find themselves in a state of so-called working poverty. The aim of the research was to find out what strategies families use in managing poverty and meeting their needs and which of these strategies prevail in the Slovak population. A quantitative research strategy was chosen. The method of data collection was a structured interview focused on finding out the use of individual management strategies and also selected demographic indicators. The research sample consisted of members of families in which at least one member has a paid job. The condition for inclusion in the research was that the family's income did not exceed 60% of the national median equalized disposable income. The analysis of the results showed 5 basic areas to which management strategies are related - work, financial security, needs, social contacts and perception of the current situation. The prevailing strategies were strategies aimed at increasing and streamlining labor market activity and the planned and effective management of the family budget. Strategies that were rejected were mainly related to debt creation. The results make it possible to identify the preferred ways of managing poverty in individual areas of life, as well as the factors that influence this behavior. This information is important for working with families living in a state of working poverty and can help professionals develop positive ways of coping for families.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 43
 C. Lankner, N. Yonzan, D. G. Mahler, R. A. C. Aguilar, H. WU and M. Fleury. Updated estinates impact COVID-19 global poverty effect: The effect of new data. https://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/updated-estimates-impact-covid-19-global-poverty-effect-new-data.
 In-work at-risk-of-poverty rate by sex. https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/tesov110/default/table?lang=en.
 B. Halleröd, H. Ekbrand and M. Bengtsson, “In-work poverty and labour market trajectories: Poverty risks among the working population in 22 European countries,” J. of European Social Policy, vol. 25, 2015, pp. 473-488.
 A. McKnight, K. Stewart, S. M. Himmelweit and M. Palillo, Low pay and in-work poverty: preventative measures and preventative approaches. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2016.
 In-work poverty in the EU. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2010. https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3888793/5848841/KS-RA-10-015-EN.PDF/703e611c-3770-4540-af7c-bdd01e403036
 I. Marx, and B. Nolan, In-Work Poverty. AIAS, GINI Discussion Paper 51, 2012. http://archive.uva-aias.net/uploaded_files/publications/DP51-Marx,Nolan(2).pdf
 A. Gojova, V. Gojova and M. Spilackova, Eds. O zpusobech zvladani chudoby z perspektivy rodin – podnety pro socialni praci, Ostrava: Ostravska univerzita v Ostrave, 2014.
 In-work at-risk-of-poverty rate by full-/part-time work. https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/databrowser/view/ilc_iw07/default/table?lang=en
 D. K. Orthner, H. Jones-Sanpei, S. Williamson, “The Resilience and Strengths of Low-Income Families,” Family Relations. Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Science, vol.53, issue 2, pp. 159-167, March 2004
 M. Filandri, E. Struffolino, “Individual and household in-work poverty in Europe: understanding the role of labor market characteristics,” European Scienties, 21:1, pp. 130-157, October 2018
 Income and living conditions. Database - Income and living conditions - Eurostat (europa.eu)
 M. Potočárová, “Výchova k hodnotám v slovenskej republike” 230563604.pdf (core.ac.uk)
 J. Buriánek, “Práce v hodnotovém kontextu české společnosti” Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Philosophica et Historica 1 Studia Sociologica XIII. Pp. 133-147, 2001
 A. Banovcinova, M. Zakova, “Labor Market Activity – Protective vs. Risk Factor in Relation to the Working Poverty?,” 7th SWS International Scientific Conference on SOCIAL SCIENCES – ISCSS 2020 PROCEEDINGS, pp. 359-364. 2020
 N. Kovalcikova, D. Lisa, “Subjective perception of life situation in low-income families,” 7th SWS International Scientific Conference on SOCIAL SCIENCES – ISCSS 2020 PROCEEDINGS, pp. 365-369. 2020
 H. Pirglová, “Analýza motivačnej štruktúry a motivačných preferencií zamestnancov v podniku,” Manažment v teórii a praxi. On-line odborný časopis o nových trendoch v manažmente, vol. 3, no. 1-2, pp. 12-19, 2007
 D. Országhová, R. Hornyák Gregáňová, “Zmeny v zamestnanosti podľa odvetvovej štruktúry regiónov Slovenska,” In. XXI. Mezinárodní kolokvium o regionálních vědách, pp. 1-5. June 2018
 E. Rievajová, R. Klimko, “Regionálne diferencie na trhu práce v Slovenskej republike,” GRANT Journal, vol. 7, issue 1, pp. 79-84, July 2018
 B. Drexlerová, “Sociálno-ekonomické problémy súčasnej rodiny,” Sociálna patológia rodiny. Zborník z medzinárodnej vedeckej konferencie, pp. 72-80, 2011
 M. S. Sherraden, A. M. McBride, “Striving to Save: Creating Policies for Financial Security of Low-Income Families,” University of Michigan Press, 2010
 M. Daly, G. Kelly. “Famielies and Poverty: Everyday Life on a Low Income,” Policy Press, 2015
 M. J. Hogan et al, “The Working Poor: From the Economic Margins to Asset Building,” Family Relations. Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Science, vol. 53, issue 2, pp. 229-236, March 2004
 K. Hamilton, “Low-Income Families: Experiences and Responses to Consumer Exclusion,” International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol 29, no. 9/10, pp. 543-557, 2009
 S. I. Kirkpatrick, V. Tarasuk, “Housing Circumstances are Associated with Household Food Access among Low-Income Urban Families,” Journal of Urban Health, 88(2), pp. 284-296, February 2011
 N. Beňová, “Dostupné bývanie-najlepšia prevencia a riešenie bezdomovectva,” Sociálna prevencia, č. 1, pp. 18-19, 2017
 R. M. Jocson, V. C. McLoyd, “Neighborhood and Housing Disorder, Parenting, and Youth Adustment in Low-Income Urban Families,” Am J Community Psychology, vol. 55, pp. 304-313, 2015
 J. Vidová “Bývanie a kvalita života” https://dk.upce.cz/bitstream/handle/10195/38545/VidovaJ_ByvanieAKvalita_2007.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
 A. Gazso, S. A. McDaniel, “Families by Choice and the Management of Low Income Through Social Supports,” Journal of Family Issues, Vol. 36(3), pp. 371-395, 2013