Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31103
Extraction and Characterization of Oil from Avocado Peels

Authors: Tafere Aga Bullo

Abstract:

The peels of avocados, like other fruit peels, are commonly discarded, not knowing their potential use. This study carried out to extract oils from avocado peels and to characterize the extracted oils with the view to determine their suitability for consumption and other uses. Soxhlet apparatus was used for extraction using n-hexane as a solvent, which is chosen based on the fact that it has a very low value of toxicity and a great extraction rate. The proximate analysis and physicochemical properties of the extracted oil were investigated. The percentage yield of oil extracted from the peel was found to be 40.6%. From this study, the optimum operating conditions for the extraction of oil from avocado peel oil for the particle size of 2.6 mm, solvent type N-hexane and extraction time of 3-5 hr. were considered. A general factorial design was applied to investigate the effect of process variables on oil yield. Maximum oil yield of 40.6% was obtained at an extraction time of 5 hr. The extracted avocado peel oil can be widely used in pharmaceutical and energy production.

Keywords: Characterization, Avocado fruits, avocado oil, avocado peel oil

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 25

References:


[1] Satriana Satriana, Muhammad Dani Supardan, Normalina Arpi, and Wan Aida Wan Mustapha*, Development of Methods Used in the Extraction of Avocado Oil. DOI: 10.1002/ejlt.201800210,2019.
[2] Eyres L, Sherpa N, Hendriks G. Avocado oil, A new edible oil from Australasia. Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, New Zealand; 2006.FAS Addis Ababa., Ethiopia Fresh Fruits Market Update Report. Gain Report Number: ET1827, 2018.
[3] Cutting J. New Zealand Avocados Quality and technical issues. Seminario Internacional De Paltos, October; 2004. Available: http://www.avocadosource.com/Journals/2 Seminario/2 Seminario Talks Cutting NZAVO.pdf (Accessed 30 August 2015)
[4] FAS Addis Ababa., Ethiopia Fresh Fruits Market Update Report. Gain Report Number: ET1827, 2018.
[5] Marcos Flores 1,*, Carolina Saravia 2,*, Claudia E. Vergara 1, Felipe Avila 3, Hugo Valdés 4 and Jaime Ortiz-Viedma 5,*., Avocado Oil: Characteristics, Properties, and Applications, 2019.W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks, and Systems (Book style). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123–135.
[6] C. X. Tan1, S. S. Tan2 and S. T. Tan3., Influence of Geographical Origins on the Physicochemical Properties of Hass Avocado Oil, DOI 10.1007/s11746-017-3042-7, 2017.
[7] Tafere Aga., production, and characterization of biodiesel from avocado peel oil (APO), 2018.
[8] Giacomo Costagli and Matteo Betti. Avocado Oil Extraction Processes: Method for Cold-Pressed High-Quality Edible Oil Production Versus Traditional Production, DOI: 10.4081/jae.2015.467, 15 Oct 2015
[9] Patrícia Fonseca DuarteI Marcia Alves ChavesII Caroline Dellinghausen BorgesIII Carla Rosane Barboza MendonçaIII*., Avocado: characteristics, health benefits and uses, voi.46, n.4, p.747-754, DOI 10.1590/0103 8478cr20141516, 2016.
[10] Satriana Satriana, Muhammad Dani Supardan, Normalina Arpi, and Wan Aida Wan Mustapha*., Development of Methods Used in the Extraction of Avocado Oil, DOI: 10.1002/ejlt.201800210, 2019..
[11] J. C. Nnaji1* and O. B. Okereke1., proximate composition and physicochemical properties of three avocados (Persea americana) varieties in umuahia, Nigeria, 5(4): 195-200, ISSN: 2395-3705 (P), ISSN: 2395-3713 (O), 2016.
[12] B. A. Orhevba and A.O. Jinadu., Determination of physicochemical properties and nutritional contents of avocado pear (Persea Americana m.), ISSN: 2223-9553, Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2011.S
[13] TANGO, J.S. et al. Physical and chemical characterization of avocado fruits aiming its potential for oil extraction. vol.26, n.1, p.17-23, Dec. 22, 2015, DOI: 10.1590/s0100 29452004000100007, 2015.
[14] Cargohandbook.com, by BMT. email to: [email protected], https://cargohandbook.com/Avocados
[15] Henry, G.Schwartzberg., Handbook of separation process Department of Food Engineering University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts, 1983.
[16] Niraj S. Topare, Sunita J. Raut, V. C. Renge, Satish V. Khedkar*, Y. P. Chavan and S. L. Bhagat., Extraction of oil from algae by solvent extraction and oil expeller method, Int. J. Chem. Sci.: 9(4), 2011, 1746-1750 ISSN 0972-768Xnwww.sadgurupublications.com, 2011
[17] Indhumathi P et al., A Method for Production and Characterization of Biodiesel from Green Micro Algae, International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology. Vol.6, No.5 (2014), pp.111-122, 2014.
[18] Abduselam Faris., Review on Avocado Value Chain in Ethiopia, ISSN 2224-6096 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0581 (online) Vol.6, No.3, 2016