Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31103
Investigation of the Effect of Fine-Grained and Its Plastic Properties on Liquefaction Resistance of Sand

Authors: S. A. Naeini, M. Mortezaee


The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of fine grain content in soil and its plastic properties on soil liquefaction potential. For this purpose, the conditions for considering the fine grains effect and percentage of plastic fine on the liquefaction resistance of saturated sand presented by researchers has been investigated. Then, some comprehensive results of all the issues raised by some researchers are stated. From these investigations it was observed that by increasing the percentage of cohesive fine grains in the sandy soil (up to 20%), the maximum shear strength decreases and by adding more fine- grained percentage, the maximum shear strength of the resulting soil increases but never reaches the amount of clean sand.

Keywords: Sand, Plasticity, Liquefaction, Shear Strength, fine-grained

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 28


[1] Mir Mohammad Hosseini, Seyed Majdeddin (2014). "Principles and Foundations of Soil Dynamics", Third Edition, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology
[2] Georgiannou, V. N., Burland, J. B. and Hight, D. W., (1991), “Behavior of clayey sands under undrained cyclic triaxial loading.” Geotechnique, (41)3, pp 383-393.
[3] Ovando-Shelley, E. and Perez, B. E., (1997), “Undrained behavior of clayey sands in load controlled triaxial tests.” Geotechnique, 47(1), pp 97-111.
[4] Casagrande, A. (1933). "Research on the Atterberg limits of soils." Public Roads, Vol. 13. No. 8, pp. 121–130.
[5] Wang, W. (1979). “Some findings in soil liquefaction.” Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power Scientific Research Institute, Beijing, China.
[6] Youd, T. L. (1993). "Liquefaction-induced lateral spread displacement," Report TN-1862, Naval Civil Eng. Laboratory, Port Hueneme, California, 44pp.
[7] Sancio, R. B. (2003). “Ground failure and building performance in Adapazari, Turkey.” Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, Calif.
[8] Seed, R. B., et al. (2003). “Recent advances in soil liquefaction engineering: A unified and consistent framework.” EERC-2003 06, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Berkeley, Calif.
[9] Bray, J. D. and Sancio, R. B. (2006). "Assessment of the liquefaction susceptibility of fine- grained soils." ASCE Journal of the Geotechnical and Geoenviromental Eng., Vol. 132, No. 9, pp. 1165-1177.
[10] Moayedi, H. Karimzadeh, M.A and Haghighi, A.T( 2009) “ Comparison of Border Criteria in Drawing the Potential of Liquefaction at Lamerd Airport South Terminal”, 8th International Congress of Civil Engineering, Shiraz, Shiraz University
[11] Abedi, Mehdi, and Seyed Shahabuddin Yathribi, (2009) “ Evaluation of Liquefaction in Sand contain fine-grained Plastic using Monotonic three-axial test”, 8th International Congress of Civil Engineering, Shiraz, Shiraz University,
[12] Chang, N.Y., Yeh, S.T., and Kaufman, L.P. (1982). “Liquefaction Potential of Clean and Silty Sands”, Proceedings of the Third International Earthquake Microzonation Conference, Seattle, USA, 2, 1017–32.
[13] Ishihara, K. and Koseki, (1989). “Discussion on The Cyclic Shear Strength of Fines- Containing Sands”, Earthquakes Geotechnical Engineering, Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Rio De Janiero, Brazil, 101-106.
[14] Perlea, V.G., Koester, J.P., and Prakash, S. (1999). “How Liquefiable are Cohesive Soils?”, Proc. Second Int. Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engr., Lisbon, Portugal, 2, 611- 618.
[15] Das, B.M., Puri, V.K., and Prakash, S. (1999). “Liquefaction of Silty Soils”, Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering, Balkema, Rotterdam, 619-23.
[16] Liang, R., Bai, X., and Wang, J. (2000). “Effect of Clay Particle Content on Liquefaction of Soil”, 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engr., Auckland, New Zealand, 1560-1564.
[17] Ghahramani. M, Ghalandarzade. A. and Moradi. M,(2006) “Effect of Plastic Fines on Cyclic Resistance of Saturated Sands” Journal of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering, Vol 8, no 2, pp 71-80