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Protection of Cultural Heritage against the Effects of Climate Change Using Autonomous Aerial Systems Combined with Automated Decision Support

Authors: Artur Krukowski, Emmanouela Vogiatzaki


The article presents an ongoing work in research projects such as SCAN4RECO or ARCH, both funded by the European Commission under Horizon 2020 program. The former one concerns multimodal and multispectral scanning of Cultural Heritage assets for their digitization and conservation via spatiotemporal reconstruction and 3D printing, while the latter one aims to better preserve areas of cultural heritage from hazards and risks. It co-creates tools that would help pilot cities to save cultural heritage from the effects of climate change. It develops a disaster risk management framework for assessing and improving the resilience of historic areas to climate change and natural hazards. Tools and methodologies are designed for local authorities and practitioners, urban population, as well as national and international expert communities, aiding authorities in knowledge-aware decision making. In this article we focus on 3D modelling of object geometry using primarily photogrammetric methods to achieve very high model accuracy using consumer types of devices, attractive both to professions and hobbyists alike.

Keywords: 3D modeling, UAS, cultural heritage, preservation.

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[2] H2020-SCAN4RECO project:
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[8] PhaseOne industrial 280MP system:
[9] Autodesk ReMake (15th of March 2017):
[10] ArTec 3D Studio (15th of March 2017):
[11] Pix4D Mapper Pro (15th of March 2017):
[12] Agisoft Photoscan (15th of March 2017):
[13] CUDA (15th of March 2017):
[14] NVidia GeForce cards (15/03/2017):
[15] Canon EOS 5DS-R camera:
[16] Krukowski, A. and E. Vogiatzaki, “Autonomous Aerial Systems in Service of Cultural Heritage Protection from Climate Change Effects”, International Conference on Cultural Heritage (EUROMED’2020), Cyprus, 2-5th of November 2020 (
[17] FP7-AF3 project:
[18] H2020-ARCH project: