The Relations among Business Model, Higher Education, University and Entrepreneurship Education: An Analysis of Academic Literature of 2009-2019 Period
Authors: Elzo Alves Aranha, Marcio M. Araki
Business model (BM) is a term that has been receiving the attention of scholars and practitioners and has been consolidating itself as a field of study and research. Although there is no agreement in the academic literature on the definition of BM, at least there is an explicit agreement: BM defines a logical structure of how an organization creates value, capture value and delivers value for the customers and stakeholders. The lack of understanding about connections and elements among BM and higher education, university, and entrepreneurship education opens a gap in the academic literature. Thus, it is interesting to analyze how BM has been approached by the literature and applied in higher education, university, and entrepreneurship education aimed to know the main streams of research. This is because higher education institutions are characterized by innovation, leading to a greater acceptance of new and modern concepts such as BM. Our research has the main motivation to fill the gap in the academic literature, making it possible to increase the power of understanding about connections and aspects among BM and higher education, university, and entrepreneurship education. The objective of the research is to analyze the main aspects among BM and higher education, university, and entrepreneurship education in academic literature. The research followed the systematic literature review (SLR). The SLR is based on three main factors: clarity, validity, and auditability. 82 academic papers were found in the past 10 years, from 2009-2019. The search was carried out in Science Direct and Periodicos Capes databases. The main findings indicate that there are links between BM and higher education, BM and university, BM, and entrepreneurship education. The main findings are inserted within seven aspects. The findings are innovative and contribute to increase the power of understanding about the connection among BM and higher education, university, and entrepreneurship education in academic literature. The research findings addressed to the gap exposed in academic literature. The research findings have several practical implications, and we highlight only two main ones. First, researchers will be able to use the research findings to mitigate a BM research agenda involving connections between BM and higher education, BM and university, and BM and entrepreneurship education. Second, directors, deans, and university leaders will be able to carry out BM awareness programs, BM professors training programs, and makers planning for the inclusion of BM, as one of the components of the curricula of the undergraduate and graduate courses.
Keywords: Business model, entrepreneurship education, higher education, university.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 539
 Peric, Marko, Jelena Durkin, and Vanja Vitezic. "The constructs of a business model redefined: A half-century journey." Sage Open 7.3 (2017): 2158244017733516.
 Fielt, Erwin. "Conceptualising business models: Definitions, frameworks and classifications." Journal of Business Models 1.1 (2014): 85-105.
 Wahyono, Wahyono. "Business model innovation: a review and research Agenda." Journal of Indian Business Research (2018).
 Ritter, Thomas, and Christopher Lettl. "The wider implications of business-model research." Long Range Planning 51.1 (2018): 1-8.
 Foss, Nicolai J., and Tina Saebi. "Fifteen years of research on business model innovation: How far have we come, and where should we go?" Journal of Management 43.1 (2017): 200-227.
 Maucuer, Raphaël, and Alexandre Renaud. "Business model research: A bibliometric analysis of origins and trends." Journal of Management 22.2 (2019): 176-215.
 Zott, Christoph, and Raphael Amit. "Business model design: an activity system perspective." Long range planning 43.2-3 (2010):216-226.
 Steinhöfel, Erik, Henri Hussinki, and Manfred Bornemann. "Evaluation of Business Models–Preliminary Results of a Systematic Literature Review." University of Technology of Delft: 13th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics, IFKAD 2018. Proceedings: Societal impact of knowledge and design, 4-6 July 2018, Delft, Netherlands Delft: Delft University of Technology, ISBN: 978-88-96687-11-6 pp.1491-1505, 2018.
 Wirtz, Bernd, and Peter Daiser. "Business model innovation processes: A systematic literature review." Journal of Business Models 6.1 (2018): 40-58.
 Booth, Andrew, Anthea Sutton, and Diana Papaioannou. Systematic approaches to a successful literature review. Sage, 2016.