Implementation of Building Information Modeling in Turkish Government Sector Projects
In recent years, the Building Information Modeling (BIM) approach has been developed expeditiously. As people see the benefits of this approach, it has begun to be used widely in construction projects and some countries made it mandatory to get more benefits from it. To promote the implementation of BIM in construction projects, it will be helpful to get some relevant information from surveys and interviews. The purpose of this study is to research the current adoption and implementation of BIM in public projects in Turkey. This study specified the challenges of BIM implementation in Turkey and proposed some solutions to overcome them. In this context, the challenges for BIM implementation and the factors that affect the BIM usage are determined based on previous academic researches and expert opinions by conducting interviews and questionnaire surveys. Several methods are used to process information in order to obtain weights of different factors to make BIM widespread in Turkey. This study concluded interviews' and questionnaire surveys' outcomes and proposed some suggestions to promote the implementation of BIM in Turkey. We believe research findings will be a good reference for boosting BIM implementation in Turkey.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 516
 K. Eastman, C. M., Eastman, C., Teicholz, P., Sacks, R., & Liston, BIM Handbook: A guide to building information modeling for owners, managers, designers, engineers and contractors., 2nd ed. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. 2011.
 A. K. D. Wong, F. K.. W. Wong, and A. Nadeem, “Comparative roles of major stakeholders for the implementation of BIM in various countries,” Proc. Int. Conf. Chang. Roles New Roles, New Challenges, Noordwijk Aan Zee, Netherlands, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1689–1699, 2013.
 J. Kunz and M. Fischer, “Virtual design and construction: themes, case studies and implementation suggestions.” Center for Integrated Facility Engineering, Stanford University, 2012.
 I. O. for S. (ISO) (2010b) and I. 29481-1:2010, Building Information Modeling–Information Delivery Manual–Part 1: Methodology and Format. ISO, Geneva., 2010.
 D. W. M. Chan, T. O. Olawumi, and A. M. L. Ho, “Perceived benefits of and barriers to Building Information Modelling (BIM) implementation in construction: The case of Hong Kong,” J. Build. Eng., vol. 25, no. April, p. 100764, 2019.
 B. Becerik-Gerber, F. Jazizadeh, N. Li, and G. Calis, “Application areas and data requirements for BIM-enabled facilities management,” J. Constr. Eng. Manag., vol. 138, no. 3, pp. 431–442, 2012.
 C. Nicolle, C., & Cruz, “Semantic building information model and multimedia for facility management,” International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies, 2010, no. April, pp. 14–29.
 L. Sabol, “Building information modeling & facility management,” IFMA World Work., pp. 2–13, 2008.
 J. Lucas, T. Bulbul, and W. Thabet, “An object-oriented model to support healthcare facility information management,” Autom. Constr., vol. 31, pp. 281–291, 2013.
 B. Becerik-Gerber and S. Rice, “The perceived value of building information modeling in the U.S. building industry,” Electron. J. Inf. Technol. Constr., vol. 15, no. 15, pp. 185–201, 2010.
 A. Akbarnezhad, K. C. G. Ong, and L. R. Chandra, “Economic and environmental assessment of deconstruction strategies using building information modeling,” Autom. Constr., vol. 37, pp. 131–144, 2014.
 P. C. Zuppa, D., Issa, R. R., & Suermann, “BIM’s impact on the success measures of construction projects,” Comput. Civ. Eng., pp. 503–512, 2013.
 S. N. Habib, “Critical Success Factors and Contractual Risks for Private Finance 2 (Pf2) Projects Implementing Building Information Modelling (BIM),” Doctoral dissertation, University of Salford, 2017.
 A. T. Haron, A. J. Marshall-Ponting, Z. Zakaria, M. N. N. Mohd, Z. A. Hamid, and K. A. M. Kama, “An industrial report on the Malaysian building information modelling (BIM) taskforce: issues and recommendations.,” Malaysian Constr. Res. J., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 21–36, 2015.
 G. Aranda-Mena, J. Crawford, A. Chevez, and T. Froese, “Building information modelling demystified: does it make business sense to adopt BIM?,” Int. J. Manag. Proj. Bus., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 419–434, 2009.
 Y. Jung and M. Joo, “Building information modelling (BIM) framework for practical implementation,” Autom. Constr., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 126–133, 2011.
 A. Ganah and G. A. John, “Suitability of BIM for enhancing value on PPP projects for the benefit of the public sector,” PPP Int. Conf. 2013 Body Knowl., no. March, pp. 347–356, 2013.
 B. Laishram, “Building information modeling in public private partnership projects – perspectives and hurdles,” 2013.
 S. Azhar, “Building information modeling (BIM): a new paradigm for visual interactive modeling and simulation for construction projects,” Proc., First Int. Conf. Constr. Dev. Ctries., vol. 1, pp. 435–446, 2008.
 N. Gu and K. London, “Understanding and facilitating BIM adoption in the AEC industry,” Autom. Constr., vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 988–999, 2010.
 Ö. Kocakaya, M. N., Türkakin, O. H., & Giran, “A Review of BIM Adoption in Turkey: Practitioners’ Viewpoint.,” Int. J. 3-D Inf. Model., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 59-68., 2018.
 D. Chao, “Some legal aspects of BIM in establishing a collaborative relationship,” Manag. Innov. a Sustain. Built Environ. MISBE, no. June, pp. 20–23, 2011.
 P. J. Hurtado, K. A., & O Connor, “Contract issues in the use of construction building information modelling,” Int. Constr. law Rev., vol. 25, no. 3, p. 262, 2008.
 B. Bell, E., Bryman, A., & Harley, Business research methods. New York: Oxford University Press: Oxford University press, 2018.
 D. A. De Leeuw, E. D., Hox, J. J., & Dillman, International handbook of survey methodology. Washington, DC: aylor & Francis Group/Lawrence Erlbaum Associates., 2008.