Impact of Weather Conditions on Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing over Gamma Gamma Channel
Authors: Muhammad Sameer Ahmed, Piotr Remlein, Tansal Gucluoglu
The technique called as Generalized frequency division multiplexing (GFDM) used in the free space optical channel can be a good option for implementation free space optical communication systems. This technique has several strengths e.g. good spectral efficiency, low peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR), adaptability and low co-channel interference. In this paper, the impact of weather conditions such as haze, rain and fog on GFDM over the gamma-gamma channel model is discussed. A Trade off between link distance and system performance under intense weather conditions is also analysed. The symbol error probability (SEP) of GFDM over the gamma-gamma turbulence channel is derived and verified with the computer simulations.
Keywords: Free space optics, generalized frequency division multiplexing, weather conditions, gamma gamma distribution.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 496
 GM. A. Khalighi, M. Uysal, Survey on free space optical communication:A communication theory perspective, IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, 16(4), pp. 22312258, 2014.
 Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Arnon, M. Uysal, Z. Xu, J. Cheng, Emerging Opti-cal Wireless Communications-Advances and Challenges, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 33(9), pp. 17381749, 2015.
 J. Perez, F. I. Chicharro, B. Ortega, J. Mora, On the evaluation of an optical OFDM radio over FSO system with IM-DD for high-speed indoor communications, in: International Conference on Transparent Optical Net-works, pp. 14, 2017.
 H. Kaushal, G. Kaddoum, Optical Communication in Space: Challengesand Mitigation Techniques, IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, 19(1), pp. 5796, 2017.
 K. Anbarasi, C. Hemanth, R. Sangeetha, A review on channel models in free space optical communication systems, Optics & Laser Technology, 97, pp. 161171, 2017.
 R. Gupta, T. Singh Kamal, P. Singh, Concatenated LDPC-TCM Codes for Bet-ter Performance of OFDM-FSO System Using Gamma Gamma Fading Model, Wireless Personal Communications, 106(8), pp. 22472260, 2019.
 Prabu K, P. S. Pati, Modeling of OFDM based RoFSO system for Bhubaneswar weather conditions, Wireless Personal Communications, May (2019), pp. 121, 2019.
 D. Kakatia, S. C. Aryaa, Performance of 120 Gbps Single Channel Coherent DP-16-QAM in Terrestrial FSO Link under Different Weather Conditions, Optik, 178, pp. 1230-1239, 2019.
 M. Sultana, A. Barua, J. Akhtar, M. I. Reja, Performance Investigation of OFDM-FSO System under Diverse Weather Conditions of Bangladesh, International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 8(5), pp. 3722-3731, 2018.
 H. Rongqing, Z. Benyuan, H. Renxiang, T. A. Christopher, R. D. Kenneth,R. Douglas, Subcarrier multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission, Journal of Lightwave Technology, 20(3), pp. 417424, 2002.
 A. Bekkali, C. B. Naila, K. Kazaura, K. Wakamori, M. Matsumoto, Trans-mission analysis of OFDM-based wireless services over turbulent radio-on-FSO links modeled by Gamma - Gamma distribution, IEEE Photonics Journal, 2(3), pp. 510520, 2010.
 J. Armstrong, Peak-to-average power reduction for OFDM by repeatedclipping and frequency domain filtering, Electronics Letters, 38(5), p. 246, 2002.
 R. Gerzaguet, N. Bartzoudis, L. G. Baltar, V. Berg, J. B. Dore, D. Ktenas, O. Font-Bach, X. Mestre, M. Payaro, M. Farber, K. Roth, The 5G candidate waveform race: a comparison of complexity and performance, Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 13, Springer Open, 2017.
 G. Fettweis, M. Krondorf, S. Bittner, GFDM - generalized frequency division multiplexing, IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 14, 2009.
 N. Michailow, S. Krone, M. Lentmaier, G. Fettweis, Bit error rate perfor-mance of generalized frequency division multiplexing, IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 15, 2012.
 N. Michailow, M. Matthe, I. S. Gaspar, A. N. Caldevilla, L. L. Mendes,A. Festag, G. Fettweis, Generalized frequency division multiplexing for 5th generation cellular networks, IEEE Transactions on Communications, 62(9), pp. 30453061, 2014.
 S. K. Antapurkar, A. Pandey, K. K. Gupta, GFDM performance in terms of BER, PAPR and OOB and comparison to OFDM system, IEEE AIP Conference Proceedings, pp. 16, 2016.
 W. D. Dias, L. L. Mendes, J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, Low complexity GFDM receiver for Frequency-Selective Channels, IEEE Communications Letters, 23, pp. 1166 1169, 2019.
 V. Kishore, V. V. Mani, An LED modelled GFDM for optical wireless communications, AEUE - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 101, pp. 5461, 2019.
 Z. Na, J. Lv, M. Zhang, B. A. O. Peng, M. Xiong, M. Guan, GFDM Based Wireless Powered Communication for Cooperative Relay System, IEEE Access, 7, pp. 5097150979, 2019.
 V. Kishore, V. V. Mani, A DC Biased Optical Generalised Frequency Division Multiplexing for IM/DD systems, Physical Communication, 33, pp. 115122, 2019.
 Y. Wang, D. Wang, J. Ma, On the Performance of Coherent OFDM Sys-tems in Free-Space Optical Communications, IEEE Photonics Journal, 7, Open Access, 2015.
 N. A. Mohammed, A. S. El-Wakeel, M. H. Aly, Pointing Error in FSO Link under Different Weather Conditions, International Journal of Video & Image Processing and Network Security, 12(1), pp. 6-9, 2012.
 A. Yenilmez, T. Gucluoglu, P. Remlein, Performance of GFDM-maximal ratio transmission over Nakagami-m fading channels, IEEE International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems, pp. 523527, 2016.
 S. K. Bandari, A. Drosopoulos, V. V. Mani, Exact SER Expressions of GFDM in Nakagami-m and Rician fading channels, 21th European Wireless Conference, pp. 16, 2015.
 M. P. Ninos, H. E. Nistazakis, G. S. Tombras, On the BER performance of FSO links with multiple receivers and spatial jitter over gamma-gamma or exponential turbulence channels, Optik, 138, pp. 269279, 2017.
 A. Farhang, N. Marchetti, L. E. Doyle, Low-Complexity Modem Design for GFDM, IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 64(6), pp. 15071518, 2016.