Patriarchy and Gender Discrimination as seen in the Novels of Ahdaf Soueif’s In the Eye of the Sun (1992) and Pramoedya Ananta Toer’s The Girl from the Coast (2002)
Authors: Nagwa Soliman
Women for centuries have undergone gender discrimination under the pretext of patriarchy which is engraved in the culture and tradition of some societies. It is important to highlight that this condition has been encoded by the male gender to dominate and manipulate women. It is therefore necessary to draw attention to this important obstacle that stands in the way of women’s achievement of their full potential and humanity in the face of these cultural traditions. The appropriate style that was chosen for this literary analysis is a qualitative research method that relies on the feminist technique using Freud’s psychological theories. This article explores patriarchy and gender discrimination as portrayed in Ahdaf Soueif’s In The Eye of the Sun (1992) and Pramoedya Ananta Toer’s The Girl from the Coast (2002). It could be argued that those two novels describe a society that is feminist, patriarchal, and gender discriminatory. Moreover, it is important to assert that patriarchy and gender discrimination are part of the system’s social order which compels the female characters to adjust to society’s norms and conventions. This social order is supported by traditional and cultural masculine attitudes and results in sustaining gender inequality, female stereo typing and patriarchy which suppress women’s beliefs and dreams.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 243
 Sugianti, I. (2018). Gender Discrimination in Orhan Pamuk's Snow and Khaled Hosseini's A Thousand Splendid Suns. Lensa: Kajlan Kebahassan, Kesusastraan, dan Budaya Vol. 8 No. 1.
 Dar, I., Nasir, S., & Thontya, M. (2017). Gender Stratification in Shinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart. New Horizons, Vol. 11. No. 2.
 Bashin, K. K. (1995). What is Patriarchy? New Delhi: Kali for Women.
 Sundberg, B. (2019). Patriarch and Masculinity in Doris Lessing's The Fifth Child and in Ben in The World. Hogskolan Igavle.
 Lange, C. (2008). Men and Women Writing Women: The Female Perspetive and Feminism in U.S Novels and African Novels in French by Male and Female. UW-L Journal of Undergraduate Research X1.
 Ratna, N. K. (2009). Teori, Metode, dan Tehnik Penlitian Sastra: dari Struktualime hingga Postrukturalisme. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
 Hooks, B. (2005). The Will to Change: Men, Masculinity and Love. Washington: Square Press.
 Soueif, A. (1992). In the Eye of the Sun. London: Bloomsbury.
 Toer, P. b. (1991). The Girl from The Coast. Singapore: Select Books.
 Mulvey, A. (1988). Community Psychology and Feminism: Tensions and Commonalities. Journal of Community Psychology Vol. 16 No. 1, 70-83.
 Tyson, L. (2006). Critical Theory Today. New York: Routledge.
 Steinberg, W. (1993). Identity Conflict and Transformation. Boston: Shambhala, 1.
 Mami, F. (2011). The Governing Dynamics of Patriarchy in Ahdaf Soueif's In the Eye of the Son. Studia Ubb Philologia, LVI, 4.
 Zumam, W. (2014). Issues of Feminisme in the Patriarchal Society as Portrayed in Ananta Toer's "The Girl from the Coast". Bahasa& Sastra, Vol. 14, No. 1.
 Johannsdottir, N. K. (2009). Patriarchy and the Subordination of Women. Haskuli Islands: Erska of Kynjafraoi.