Research on Landscape Pattern Revolution of Land Use in Fuxian Lake Basin Based on RS and GIS
Based on the remote image data of land use in the four periods of 1980, 1995, 2005 and 2015, this study quantitatively analyzed the dynamic variation of landscape transfer and landscape pattern in the Fuxian Lake basin by constructing a land use dynamic variation model and using ArcGIS 10.5 and Fragstats 4.2. The results indicate that: (1) From the perspective of land use landscape transfer, the intensity of land use is slowly rising from 1980 to 2015, and the main reduction landscape type is farmland and its net amount of transfer-out is the most among all transfer-outs, which is to 788.85 hm2, the main added landscape type is construction land and its net amount of transfer-in is the most, which is to 475.23 hm2. Meanwhile, the land use landscape variation in the stage of 2005-2015 showed the most severe among three periods when compared with other two stages. (2) From the perspective of land use landscape variation, significant spatial differences are shown, the changes in the north of the basin are significantly higher than that in the south, the west coast are apparently higher than the east. (3) From the perspective of landscape pattern index, the number of plaques is on the increase in the periods of 35 years in the basin, and there is little mutual interference between landscape patterns because the plaques are relatively discrete. Cultivated land showed a trend of fragmentation but constructive land showed trend of relative concentration. The sustainable development and biodiversity in this basin are under threat for the fragmented landscape pattern and the poorer connectivity.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 138
 Deng J S, Wang K, Hong Y, et al. Spatio-temporal dynamics and evolution of land use change and landscape pattern in response to rapid urbanization (J). Landscape and Urban Planning, 2009,92(3):187-198.
 Ji-ping Liu, Dan-dan Zhao, Xue-zhi Tian, et al. Landscape pattern dynamics and driving forces analysis in the Sanjiang Plain from 1954 to 2010 (J). Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(12):3234-3244.
 Wood R, Handley J. Landscape dynamics and the management of change (J). Landscape Research, 2001, 26(1):45-54.
 Wei-feng Li, Qiu-wen Chen. Review of landscape change and its ecological impacts (J). Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2008, 17(6):2511-2519.
 Jian-guo Wu. Landscape ecology: pattern, process, size and hierarchy (The second edition) (M). Bei Jing: Higher Education Press, 2007:1-266.
 Bo-jie Fu, Li-ding Chen. Several Problems about Landscape Pattern Change Research (J). Scientia Geographica Sinica,2003,23(3):264-270.
 Chun-hua Wu, Pei-jun Du, Kun Tan. Analyzing land cover and landscape pattern change in coal mining area (J). Journal of China Coal Society, 2012, 37(6):1026-1033.
 Yao-yao Meng, Li-fang Xue. Analysis on landscape pattern change and land use in Nansi Lake Basin (J). Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2017, 24(03):246-252.
 Bo-jie Fu. Principles and applications of landscape ecology (M). Bei Jing: Science Press, 2001.
 Shi-hua Li, Jun-song Zhou, Jin-liang Wang. Spatio-temporal LUCC and driving force in Fuxina Lakw watershed from 1974 to 2014 (J). Remote Sensing for Land & Resources, 2017, 29(04):132-139.
 Turner II B L, Lambin E F, Reenberg A. The emergence of land change science for global environmental change and sustainability (J). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2007, 104(52): 20666-20671.
 Skole D, Tucker C. Tropical deforestation and habitat fragmentation in the Amazon: Satellite data from 1978 to 1988 (J). Science, 1993, 260(5116) :1905 - 1910.
 Ojima D S, Galvin K A, Tumer II B L. The global impact of land use change: To understand global change, natural scientists must consider the social context influencing human impact on environment (J). BioScience, 1994, 44(5): 300-304.
 Fischer G, Sun L X. Model based analysis of future land use development in China (J). Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 2001, 85(1/3): 163-176.
 Otsubo K. Land Use for Global Environmental Conservation (LU/GEC): Final Report of the LU/GEC First Phase: 1995-1997 (R). Tokyo: National Institute for Environmental Studies, Environmental Agency of Japan, 1997.
 Rui-feng Zhao, Fu-hong Wang, Li-hua Zhang, et al. Dynamic of Farmland landscape and its socioeconomic driving forces in the middle reaches of the Heihe River (J). Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2017, 37(06): 920-928.
 Guang-chen Tong, Jie Lin, Hang Chen, et al. Land use and landscape pattern changes and the driving force factors in Nanjing from 1986 to 2013 (J). Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2017, 24(02): 240-245.
 Yi Chen, Yi-wei Lin, Zhi-ping Zhu, et al. Changes of land use and landscape pattern in Putian Based on RS and GIS (J). Journal of Northwest Forestry University, 2017, 32(01): 279-286.
 Lin Chu, Xin-ran Zhang, Tian-wei Wang et al. Spatial-temporal evolution and prediction of urban landscape pattern and habitat quality based on CA-Markov and InVEST model (J). Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2018, 29(12): 4106-4118.
 Ya-xin Ma, Hui Cong, Wei-bo Zhou, et al. Landscape pattern of land use dynamic development and driving force in Xi'an (J). Journal of Northwest Forestry University, 2017, 32(04): 186-192.
 Li-juan Fan, Guang-xing Tian. Land use and landscape pattern dynamics of Shanghai City during 1995-2015 (J). Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2018, 38(01):287-292.
 Jing-hua Liu, Wei-feng Li, Wei-qi Zhou, et al. Simulation and prediction of changes in the landscape patterns of the Beijing Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region and their driving mechanisms (J). Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2017, 37(16): 5324-5333.
 Cheng Gao, Jin-liang Wang, Guang-jie Liu. Research on the calculation of regional ecological assets value in the Fuxian Lake Basin (J). Environmental Science Survey, 2018, 37(02): 12-17.
 Wei-lin Kong, Yu-zhou Wang, Lin Xiang, et al. An analysis on the landscape pattern of the vegetation in Fuxian Lake basin in Yunnan (J). Journal of Yunnan University (Natural Sciences Edition), 2012, 34(04): 468-475.
 Wu J. Effects of changing scale on landscape pattern analysis: scaling relations (J). Landscape Ecology, 2004, 19(2): 125-138.
 Pei-jun Shi, Peng Gong, Xiao-bin LI et al. Methods and practices of land use/cover change research (M). Beijing: Science Press, 2000: 56-68.
 Xiao-rong Tong, Qing-yuan Yang, Guo-hua Bi. Spatio-temporal characteristics of land use changes in Chongqing during 2000-2015 (J). Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 2018, 27(11): 2481-2495.
 Yi-tian Yang, Du Zhen, Xue-qin Zhang, et al. The spatial coupling of land use changes and its environmental effects on Hotan oasis during 1980-2010 (J). Acta Geographica Sinica, 2013, 68 (6): 813-824.
 Fan Q D, Ding S Y. Landscape pattern changes at a county scale: A case study in Fengqiu, Henan Province, China from 1990 to 2013 (J). Catena, 2016, 137:152-160.
 Smiraglia D, Ceccarelli T, Bajocco S, et al. Unraveling landscape complexity: land use/land cover changes and landscape pattern dynamics (1954-2008) in contrasting periurban and agro-forest regions of northern Italy (J). Environmental Management, 2015, 56: 916-932.