Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31106
Analysis of Non-Conventional Roundabout Performance in Mixed Traffic Conditions

Authors: Guneet Saini, Shahrukh, Sunil Sharma

Abstract:

Traffic congestion is the most critical issue faced by those in the transportation profession today. Over the past few years, roundabouts have been recognized as a measure to promote efficiency at intersections globally. In developing countries like India, this type of intersection still faces a lot of issues, such as bottleneck situations, long queues and increased waiting times, due to increasing traffic which in turn affect the performance of the entire urban network. This research is a case study of a non-conventional roundabout, in terms of geometric design, in a small town in India. These types of roundabouts should be analyzed for their functionality in mixed traffic conditions, prevalent in many developing countries. Microscopic traffic simulation is an effective tool to analyze traffic conditions and estimate various measures of operational performance of intersections such as capacity, vehicle delay, queue length and Level of Service (LOS) of urban roadway network. This study involves analyzation of an unsymmetrical non-circular 6-legged roundabout known as “Kala Aam Chauraha” in a small town Bulandshahr in Uttar Pradesh, India using VISSIM simulation package which is the most widely used software for microscopic traffic simulation. For coding in VISSIM, data are collected from the site during morning and evening peak hours of a weekday and then analyzed for base model building. The model is calibrated on driving behavior and vehicle parameters and an optimal set of calibrated parameters is obtained followed by validation of the model to obtain the base model which can replicate the real field conditions. This calibrated and validated model is then used to analyze the prevailing operational traffic performance of the roundabout which is then compared with a proposed alternative to improve efficiency of roundabout network and to accommodate pedestrians in the geometry. The study results show that the alternative proposed is an advantage over the present roundabout as it considerably reduces congestion, vehicle delay and queue length and hence, successfully improves roundabout performance without compromising on pedestrian safety. The study proposes similar designs for modification of existing non-conventional roundabouts experiencing excessive delays and queues in order to improve their efficiency especially in the case of developing countries. From this study, it can be concluded that there is a need to improve the current geometry of such roundabouts to ensure better traffic performance and safety of drivers and pedestrians negotiating the intersection and hence this proposal may be considered as a best fit.

Keywords: Simulation, Traffic, operational performance, roundabout, VISSIM

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 198

References:


[1] J. B. Barker et al., REPORT 672 Roundabouts: Cooperative Highway, Second. Transportation Research Board, 2010.
[2] ‘Use of Roundabouts’, 1992.
[3] C. H. L. S. Watson et al., ‘NCHRP Report 572, Roundabouts in the United States’, Washington, D.C., 2007.
[4] V. Inman, ‘An Evaluation of Signing for Three-Lane Roundabouts’, Technology, no. 202, pp. 1–12, 2010.
[5] J. A. Molino, V. W. Inman, B. J. Katz, and A. Emo, ‘Lane Restriction Signing and Marking For Double-Lane Roundabouts’, no. October, p. (42), 2007.
[6] V. Inman, B. Katz, and F. Hanscom, ‘Navigation Signing for Roundabouts’, Transp. Res. Rec. J. Transp. Res. Board, vol. 1973, no. January 2006, pp. 18–26, 2007
[7] Raffaele Mauro, Calculation of Roundabouts. New York: Springer, 2010.
[8] Highway Capacity Manual, 2010. Transportation Research Board, 2010.
[9] Highway Capacity Manual, 2000. Transportation Research Board, 2000.
[10] W. Brilon, N. Wu, and L. Bondzio, ‘Unsignalized Intersections in Germany - a State of the Art 1997’, 1997.
[11] W. Brilon, Intersections without Traffic Signals II. Bochum, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1991.
[12] R. Kimber, ‘The Traffic Capacity of Roundabouts’, 1980.
[13] G. Louah, ‘Panorama critique des modeles fran{\c{c}}ais de capacit{\’e} des carrefours giratoires’, Actes du Semin. Int. “Giratories, pp. 14--16, 1992.
[14] ‘Carrefours urbains Guide’, 1999.
[15] L. Kleinrock, Theory, Volume 1, Queueing Systems. New York: Wiley-Interscience New York, 1975.
[16] M. Trueblood and J. Dale, ‘Simulating roundabouts with VISSIM’, in 2nd Urban Street Symposium: Uptown, Downtown, or Small Town: Designing Urban Streets That Work, 2003.
[17] V. Gallelli, ‘Roundabout Intersections: Evaluation of Geometric and Behavioural Features with VISSIM’, pp. 1–19, 2008.
[18] Y. Hollander and Æ. R. Liu, ‘The principles of calibrating traffic microsimulation models’, pp. 347–362, 2008
[19] T. V Mathew and P. Radhakrishnan, ‘Calibration of Microsimulation Models for Nonlane-Based Heterogeneous Traffic at Signalized Intersections’, vol. 136, no. March, pp. 59–66, 2010.
[20] B. Park and J. D. Schneeberger, ‘Microscopic Simulation Model Calibration and Validation : A Case Study of VISSIM for a Coordinated Actuated Signal System by’, no. November 2002, pp. 1–18.
[21] L. Yu, L. Yu, X. Chen, T. Wan, and J. Guo, ‘Calibration of Vissim for Bus Rapid Transit Systems in Beijing Using GPS Data’, pp. 239–257.
[22] S. Yousif and S. S. Razouki, ‘Validation of a mathematical model to estimate turning movements as roundabouts using field data’, in Validation of a mathematical model to estimate turning movements as roundabouts using field data, 2007.