Effect of Good Agriculture Management Practices and Constraints on Grape Farming: A Case Study in Mirbachakot, Kalakan and Shakardara Districts Kabul, Afghanistan
Authors: Mohammad Mirwais Yusufi
Skillful management is one of the most important success factors for today’s farms. When a farm is well managed, it can generate funds for its sustainability. Grape is one of the most diffused fruits in the world and one of the most important cash crops with high potential of production in Afghanistan as well. While there are several organizations intervening for improvement of this cash crop, the quality and quantity are still not satisfactory for producers and external markets. The situation has not changed over the years. Therefore, a survey was conducted in 2017 with 60 grape growers, supported by questionnaires in Mirbachakot, Kalakan and Shakardara districts of Kabul province. The purpose was to get an understanding of the current socio-demographic characteristics of farmers, management methods, constraints, farm size, yield and contribution of grape farming to household income. Findings indicate that grape farming was predominant 83.3% male, 16.6% female and small-scale farmers were the main grape producers, 60% < 1 ha of land under grape production. Likewise, 50% had more than > 10 years and 33.3% between 1-5 years’ experience in grape farming. The high level of illiteracy and diseases had significant digit effect on growth, yield and quality of grapes. The results showed that vineyard management operations to protect grapes from mechanical damage are very poor or completely absent. Comparing developed countries, table grape is one of the fruits with the highest input of technology, while in developing countries the cost of labor is low but the purchase of the equipment is very high due to financial situation. Hence the low quality and quantity of grape are influenced by poor management methods, such as non-availability of experts and lack of technical guidance in the study site. Thereby, the study suggested that improved agricultural extension services and managerial skills could contribute to addressing the problems.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 142
 Peter, L. 2010. Farm business management. United States.
 Ibrahim Uzun, A., and Bayir, 2008. Viticulture in Turkey. Bulletin UASVM, Horticulture 65(1).
 FAO, 2007. Farm management extension services: a review of global experience Rome Italy. Agricultural management, marketıng and finance occasional paper Vol. 21. 13-15
 Kay, Ronald, and William M. Edwards 1999. Farm Management, 4th edition
 Alistair, M. 2003. The impact of scientific management on contemporary New Zealand business.
 Atul Basweshwar, P. 2008. A study on constraints analysis of grape exporting farmers of Maharashtra state. University of Agricultural Sciences.
 USAID, 2005. Global Horticulture Assessment. University of California Davis.
 Yamuna, S. 2009. Discriminating the Effects of Vineyard Management Practices on Grape and Wine Volatiles. Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial.
 Ronald, D., William, M. and Patricia, A. 2015. Farm management, Australia, p.23-25
 Rajeev, B. 2017. Sustainability challenges in the Agrofood sector, India, p.94-106
 Yusufi, 2017. Pre and postharvest losses and marketing of grapes in Afghanistan, A case study in Mirbachkot, Shakardara and Kalakan districts Kabul, Afghanistan. International Journal of Environment and Rural development Vol. 8 (1) 153-159.