Energy Retrofitting Application Research to Achieve Energy Efficiency in Hot-Arid Climates in Residential Buildings: A Case Study of Saudi Arabia
This study aims to present an overview of recent research in building energy-retrofitting strategy applications and analyzing them within the context of hot arid climate regions which is in this case study represented by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The main goal of this research is to do an analytical study of recent research approaches to show where the primary gap in knowledge exists and outline which possible strategies are available that can be applied in future research. Also, the paper focuses on energy retrofitting strategies at a building envelop level. The study is limited to specific measures within the hot arid climate region. Scientific articles were carefully chosen as they met the expression criteria, such as retrofitting, energy-retrofitting, hot-arid, energy efficiency, residential buildings, which helped narrow the research scope. Then the papers were explored through descriptive analysis and justified results within the Saudi context in order to draw an overview of future opportunities from the field of study for the last two decades. The conclusions of the analysis of the recent research confirmed that the field of study had a research shortage on investigating actual applications and testing of newly introduced energy efficiency applications, lack of energy cost feasibility studies and there was also a lack of public awareness. In terms of research methods, it was found that simulation software was a major instrument used in energy retrofitting application research. The main knowledge gaps that were identified included the need for certain research regarding actual application testing; energy retrofitting strategies application feasibility; the lack of research on the importance of how strategies apply first followed by the user acceptance of developed scenarios.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 211
 A. Felimban, A. Prieto, U. Knaack, T. Klein, and Y. Qaffas, “Assessment of Current Energy Consumption in Residential Buildings in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia,” Buildings, vol. 9, no. 7, p. 163, Jul. 2019.
 M. Fasiuddin and I. Budaiwi, “HVAC system strategies for energy conservation in commercial buildings in Saudi Arabia,” Energy Build., vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 3457–3466, 2011.
 N. A. Aldossary, Y. Rezgui, and A. Kwan, “Consensus-based low carbon domestic design framework for sustainable homes,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 51, pp. 417–432, 2015.
 SEEC, “Buildings | Saudi Energy Efficiency Center,” 2018. (Online). Available: http://www.seec.gov.sa/en/blog/buildings. (Accessed: 21-Oct-2018).
 F. Al-Ragom, “Retrofitting residential buildings in hot and arid climates,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 44, no. 14, pp. 2309–2319, 2003.
 N. A. Aldossary, Y. Rezgui, and A. Kwan, “Domestic energy consumption patterns in a hot and humid climate: A multiple-case study analysis,” Appl. Energy, vol. 114, pp. 353–365, 2014.
 N. A. Aldossary, Y. Rezgui, and A. Kwan, “Domestic energy consumption patterns in a hot and arid climate: A multiple-case study analysis,” Renew. Energy, vol. 62, pp. 369–378, 2014.
 N. A. Aldossary, Y. Rezgui, and A. Kwan, “Energy Consumption Patterns for Domestic Buildings in Hot Climates Using Saudi Arabia as Case Study Field : Multiple case study analysis,” Comput. Civ. Build. Eng., pp. 1986–1993, 2014.
 H. M. Taleb, “Using passive cooling strategies to improve thermal performance and reduce energy consumption of residential buildings in U.A.E. buildings,” Front. Archit. Res., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 154–165, 2014.
 A. Alaidroos and M. Krarti, “Optimal design of residential building envelope systems in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,” Energy Build., vol. 86, pp. 104–117, 2015.
 F. AlFaris, A. Juaidi, and F. Manzano-Agugliaro, “Energy retrofit strategies for housing sector in the arid climate,” Energy Build., vol. 131, pp. 158–171, 2016.
 N. A. Aldossary, Y. Rezgui, and A. Kwan, “Establishing domestic low energy consumption reference levels for Saudi Arabia and the Wider Middle Eastern Region,” Sustain. Cities Soc., vol. 28, pp. 265–276, 2017.
 M. Edeisy and C. Cecere, “Envelope Retrofit in Hot Arid Climates,” Procedia Environ. Sci., vol. 38, pp. 264–273, 2017.
 K. Rakhshan and W. A. Friess, “Effectiveness and viability of residential building energy retrofits in Dubai,” J. Build. Eng., vol. 13, no. July, pp. 116–126, 2017.
 I. El-Darwish and M. Gomaa, “Retrofitting strategy for building envelopes to achieve energy efficiency,” Alexandria Eng. J., vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 579–589, 2017.
 J. Hijazi and S. Howieson, “Displacing air conditioning in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An evaluation of ‘fabric first’ design integrated with hybrid night radiant and ground pipe cooling systems,” Build. Serv. Eng. Res. Technol., p. 014362441775392, 2018.
 H. Ali and R. Hashlamun, “Envelope retrofitting strategies for public school buildings in Jordan,” J. Build. Eng., vol. 25, no. January, p. 100819, 2019.
 Social Development Program, “Social Development Bank,” 2019. (Online). Available: https://www.sdb.gov.sa/en-us/our-products/personal/social-loans/sub-pages/application-rules. (Accessed: 16-Jan-2020).