Electroencephalography Activity during Sensory Organization Balance Test
Postural balance plays essential role throughout life in daily activities. Somatosensory, visual and vestibular inputs play the fundamental role in maintaining body equilibrium to balance the posture. The aim of this study was to find out electroencephalography (EEG) responses during balance activity of young people during Sensory Organization Balance Test. The outcome of this study will help to create the fitness and neurorehabilitation plan. 25 young people (25 ± 3.1 years) have been analyzed on Balance Master NeuroCom® with the coupling of Brain Vision 32 electrode wireless EEG system during the Sensory Organization Test. From the results it has been found that the balance score of samples is significantly higher under the influence of somatosensory input as compared to visual and vestibular input (p < 0.05). The EEG between somatosensory and visual input to balance the posture showed significantly higher (p < 0.05) alpha and beta activities during somatosensory input in somatosensory, attention and visual functions of the cortex whereas executive and motor functions of the cerebral cortex showed significantly higher (p < 0.05) alpha EEG activity during the visual input. The results suggest that somatosensory and attention function of the cerebral cortex has alpha and beta activity, respectively high during somatosensory and vestibular input in maintaining balance. In patients with balance impairments both physical and cognitive training, including neurofeedback will be helpful to improve balance abilities.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 474
 W. David "Human balance and posture control during standing and walking." Gait & posture, Vol. 4, pp.193-214, 1995.
 Kollmitzer, Josef, Gerold. Ebenbichler, A. Sabo, K. Kerschan, and T. Bochdansky. "Effects of back extensor strength training versus balance training on postural control." Medicine and science in sports and exercise, Vol. 32, pp. 1770-1776, Dec. 2000.
 A. Neil. Postural control in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc, Vol. 42, pp. 93–108, 1994.
 Fitzpatrick, Richard, and McCloskey. "Proprioceptive, visual and vestibular thresholds for the perception of sway during standing in humans." The Journal of physiology, Vol. 478, pp. 173-186, Jan 1994
 Redfern, Mark, L. Yardley, and A. M. Bronstein. "Visual influences on balance." Journal of anxiety disorders, Vol. 15, pp. 81-94, Jan. 2001.
 Marsden, C. D., P. A. Merton, and H. B. Morton. "Human postural responses." Brain, Vol. 104, pp.513-534, Mar. 1981.
 Bronstein, A. M., J. D. Hood, M. A. Gresty, and CHRISTIANA PANAGI. "Visual control of balance in cerebellar and parkinsonian syndromes." Brain, Vol. 113, pp.767-779, Mar. 1990.
 Klawans, Harold L. "Individual manifestations of Parkinson's disease after ten or more years of levodopa." Movement Disorders, Vol. 1, pp. 187-192, Mar. 1986.
 Konrad, Horst R., Marian Girardi, and Robert Helfert. "Balance and aging." The Laryngoscope, Vol. 109, pp. 1454-1460, Apr.1999.
 Agrawal, Yuri, John P. Carey, Charles C. Della Santina, Michael C. Schubert, and Lloyd B. Minor. "Disorders of balance and vestibular function in US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004."Archives of Internal Medicine, Vol. 169, pp. 938-944, Oct. 2009.
 Pieterse, A. J., T. B. Luttikhold, K. de Laat, B. R. Bloem, B. G. Van Engelen, and M. Munneke. "Falls in patients with neuromuscular disorders." Journal of the neurological sciences, Vol. 251, pp. 87-90, Jan. 2006.
 Woollacott, Marjorie, and Anne Shumway-Cook. "Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research." Gait & posture, Vol. 16, pp. 1-14, Jan. 2002.
 Horak, F. B., and H. C. Diener. "Cerebellar control of postural scaling and central set in stance." Journal of Neurophysiology, Vol. 72, pp. 479-493, Feb. 1994.
 Slobounov, Semyon, M. Hallett, S. Stanhope, and H. Shibasaki. "Role of cerebral cortex in human postural control: an EEG study." Clinical neurophysiology, Vol. 116, pp. 315-323, Feb. 2005.
 Klimesch, Wolfgang, H. A. N. N. E. S. Schimke, and Gert Pfurtscheller. "Alpha frequency, cognitive load and memory performance." Brain topography, Vol. 5, no. Jan. pp. 241-251, Jan. 1993.
 Ray, William J., and Harry W. Cole. "EEG alpha activity reflects attentional demands, and beta activity reflects emotional and cognitive processes." Science, Vol. 228, pp. 750-752. Jul. 1985.
 Angelakis, Efthymios, Stamatina Stathopoulou, Jennifer L. Frymiare, Deborah L. Green, Joel F. Lubar, and John Kounios. "EEG neurofeedback: a brief overview and an example of peak alpha frequency training for cognitive enhancement in the elderly." The Clinical Neuropsychologist, Vol. 21, pp. 110-129, Jan. 2007.