Age, Body Composition, Body Mass Index and Chronic Venous Diseases in Postmenopausal Women
Chronic venous diseases (CVD) are one of the common, though controversial problems in medicine. It is generally accepted that this pathology predominantly occurs in women. The issue of excessive weight as a risk factor for CVD is still considered debatable. To the author's best knowledge, today in Ukraine, there are barely any studies that describe the relationship between CVD and obesity. Our study aims to determine the association between age, body composition, obesity and CVD in postmenopausal women. The study was conducted in D. F. Chebotarev Institute of Gerontology, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine. We have examined 96 postmenopausal women aged 46-85 years (mean age – 66.19 ± 0.96 years), who were divided into two groups depending on the presence of CVD. The women were examined by vascular surgeons. For the diagnosis of CVD, we used clinical, anatomic and pathophysiologic classifications. We also performed clinical, ultrasound and densitometry examinations. We found that the CVD frequency in postmenopausal women increased with age (from 72% in those aged 45-59 years to 84% in those aged 75-89 years). A significant correlation between the total fat mass and age was determined in postmenopausal women with CVD. We also observed a significant correlation between the lower extremities’ fat mass and age in both examined groups. A significant correlation between body mass index and age was determined only in postmenopausal women without CVD.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 606
 L. Robertson, C. Evans, F. G. Fowkes “Epidemiology of chronic venous disease,” Phlebology, 2008; 23, pp. 103-11.
 Clark, I. Harvey, F. G. R. Fowkes “Epidemiology and risk factors for varicose veins among older people: cross-sectional population study in the UK,” Phlebologym, 2010, 25, pp. 236-40.
 M. H. Criqui, J. O. Denenberg, J. Bergan et al, “Risk factors for chronic venous disease: the San Diego Population Study,” J Vasc Surg, 2007, 46, pp. 331-7.
 D. Musil, M. Kaletova, J. Herman “Age, body mass index and severity of primary chronic venous disease,” Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub, 2011, 155, pp. 367-71.
 J. P. Benigni, M. Cazaubon, A. Tourneroche et al, “Is obesity an aggravating factor in chronic venous disease? Results of a French epidemiological study in male patients,” Int Angiol, 2006, 25, pp. 297-303.
 T. Willenberg, A. Schumacher, B. Amann-Vesti et al, “Impact of obesity on venous hemodynamics of the lower limbs,” J Vasc Surg 2010, 52, pp. 664-8.
 International Union of Phlebology. Vein consult program (Observational, multicentric, descriptive survey of chronic venous disease), 2011. http://www.veinconsult.com/background/.
 H. D. Vlajinac, J. M. Marinkovic, M. Z. Maksimovic et al, “Body Mass Index and Primary Chronic Venous Disease – A Cross-sectional Study,” European Journal of Vascular and Enovascular Surgery, 2012, 45(3), pp. 294-298. doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2012.12.011.
 G. Danielsson, B. Eklof, A. Grandinetti, R. L. Kistner. “The influence of obesity on chronic venous disease,” Vasc Endovascular Surg, 2002, 36, pp. 271-6.