Morphology of Indian Female Athletes of Different Track and Field Events
Participation in games and sports in the contemporary times has become more competing with the developed scientific knowledge, skills and methods, along with the equipment and applied research in the field. In spite of India being a large country having vast resources and potential, its performance in the world of sports on the whole needs sincere attention for better achievements. Beside numerous factors responsible for the dismal performance of a sportsperson, the physique and body composition, including the size, shape and form are known to play a significant role. The present investigation was undertaken to study the specific morphological characteristics of Indian female Track and Field athletes. A total of 300 athletes were randomly selected as sample for the purpose of the study from the six events having 50 athletes in each event including 100m., 400m., Shot Put, Discus Throw, Long Jump and High Jump. The study included body weight, body fat percentage, lean body weight, endomorphy, mesomorphy and ectomorphy as variables. The data were computed statistically by using Mean, Standard Deviation and Analysis of Variance. The post-hoc analysis was conducted where the F-ratio was found to be significant at .05 level. The study concluded that there is a significant difference with regard to the selected variables among the Indian female athletes of different track and field events.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/1Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 261
 A. Kazmin, India’s female athletes are the heroes of Rio retrieved from https://www.ft.com/content/ ef9b0d04-6845-11e6-a0b1-d87a9fea034f on 19.02.2017.
 L. Sharma, S. Kaushik, and R. Lal, Revisiting women participation in Olympics. Women and Development: Issues and challenges. Ed. by R. Kaul & A. Malhotra, ISBN 978-81-935996-1, Elite Publishing House. Delhi, 2018: pp. 92-100.
 Can, F., I. Yilmaz, and Z. Erden. Morphological characteristics and performance variables of women soccer players. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2004:18(3):480–485.
 S. Koley & J.S. Sandhu, An introduction to kinanthropometry, New Delhi: Friends Publications, 2005.
 V. Vucetic, D. Sentija, and B. Matkovic. Morphological differences of elite Croatian track-and-field athletes. Collegium Antropologicum. October 2008: 32(3):863-8.
 L.S. Sidhu; J. Singh; and S.P. Singh, Physique and body composition of different categories of runners. Origin of Kinanthropometry. N.W.K.G., 1990.
 A. Legaz and R. Eston, Changes in performance, skinfold thicknesses, and fat patterning after three years of intense athletic conditioning in high level runners. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2005: 39 (11): 851-856.
 O.G. Eiben, The physique of women athletes. The Hungarian Scientific Council for Physical Education. Budepest, 1972.
 Malina et.al., Physique of female track and field athletes. Medicine of Science and Sports. 1971(3):32-38.
 W. Jagiello, R. Kalina and G. Korobielnikow, Morphological diversification of female judo athletes. Arch Budo, 2007:3:27-34.
 H. O'Connor, T. Olds and R.J. Maughan, Physique and performance for track and field. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2007: 25(1):S49-60.
 I. Petrovic, and M. Marinković, Influence of morphological characteristics on running performance of endurance athletes. Facta Universitatis. 2018: 16(1): 96-106.