Knowledge Management in Academic: A Perspective of Academic Research Contribution to Economic Development of a Nation
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has made information access easier and affordable. Academic research has also benefited from this, with online journals and academic resource readily available by the click of a button. However, there are limited ways of assessing and controlling the quality of the academic research mostly in public institution. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a significant number of universities and young population. The quality of knowledge created by academic researchers, however, needs to be evaluated due to the high number of predatory journals published by academia. The purpose of this qualitative study is to look at the knowledge creation, acquisition, and assimilation process by academic researchers in public universities in Nigeria. Qualitative research will be carried out using in-depth interviews and observations. Academic researchers will be interviewed and absorptive capacity theory will be used as the theoretical framework to guide the research. The findings from this study should help understand the impact of ICT on the knowledge creation process in academic research and to understand how ICT can affect the quality of knowledge produced by researchers. The findings from this study should help add value to the existing body of knowledge on the quality of academic research, especially in Africa where there is limited availability of quality academic research. As this study is limited to Nigerian universities, the outcome may not be generalized to other developing countries.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/1Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 537
 J. Bercovitz and M. Feldmann, “Entpreprenerial universities and technology transfer: A conceptual framework for understanding knowledge-based economic development,” J. Technol. Transf., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 175–188, 2006.
 P. Di Nauta, B. Merola, F. Caputo, and F. Evangelista, “Reflections on the Role of University to Face the Challenges of Knowledge Society for the Local Economic Development,” J. Knowl. Econ., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 180–198, 2018.
 M. Du Plessis, “The role of knowledge management in innovation,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 20–29, 2007.
 I. Ali, A. U. Musawir, and M. Ali, “Impact of knowledge sharing and absorptive capacity on project performance: the moderating role of social processes,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 453–477, 2018.
 R. Chugh, “Tacit Knowledge Transfer in Australian Universities: Exploring the Barriers and Enablers,” in MATEC Web of Conferences, 2018, vol. 210, pp. 1–7.
 L. Leydesdorff, “The Triple Helix of university-industry-governement relations,” Scientometrics, no. 14, pp. 14–19, 2012.
 C. Rodrigues and A. I. Melo, “The triple helix model as inspiration for local development policies: An experience-based perspective,” Int. J. Urban Reg. Res., vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 1675–1687, 2013.
 H. Etzkowitz, “The triple helix model of innovation,” Soc. Sci. Inf. Sur Les Sci. Soc., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 293–337, 2007.
 P. Soto-Acosta and J.-G. Cegarra-Navarro, “New ICTs for Knowledge Management in Organizations,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 417–422, 2016.
 P. Hendriks, “Why share knowledge? The influence of ICT on the motivation for knowledge sharing,” Knowl. Process Manag., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 91–100, 1999.
 M. Alavi and D. E. Leidner, “Knowledge Management and Knowledge Management Systems: Conceptual Foundations and Research Issues,” MIS Q., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 107–136, 2001.
 R. Raghavan et al., “Predatory journals and Indian ichthyology,” Curr. Sci., vol. 107, no. 5, pp. 740–742, 2014.
 S. B. Demir, “Predatory journals: Who publishes in them and why?,” J. Informetr., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1296–1311, 2018.
 M. Romano, M. Del Giudice, and M. Nicotra, “Knowledge creation and exploitation in Italian universities: the role of internal policies for patent activity,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 952–970, 2014.
 H. Etzkowitz, “the Triple Helix---University-Industry-Government Relations: a Laboratory for Knowledge Based Economic Development,” EASST Rev., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 14–19, 1995.
 A. P. Wierzbicki and Y. Nakamori, “Knowledge sciences and Nanatsudaki: A new model of knowledge creation processes,” J. Syst. Sci. Syst. Eng., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 2–21, 2007.
 H. Etzkowitz and L. Leydesdorff, “The dynamics of innovation: From National Systems and ‘mode 2’ to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations,” Res. Policy, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 109–123, 2000.
 M. Ranga and H. Etzkowitz, “Triple Helix Systems: An Analytical Framework for Innovation Policy and Practice in the Knowledge Society,” Ind. High. Educ., vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 237–262, 2013.
 F. Muqadas, M. Rehman, U. Aslam, and U. U. Rehman, “Exploring the challenges, trends, and issues for knowledge sharing practices: A study on employees in public sector universities,” VINE J. Inf. Knowl. Manag. Syst., vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 1–23, 2017.
 M. Sadiq Sohail and S. Daud, “Knowledge sharing in higher education institutions,” Vine, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 125–142, 2009.
 T. Ramayah, A. Jasmin, L. Yeap, and J. Ignatius, “An Empirical Inquiry on Knowledge Sharing Among Academicians in Higher Learning Institutions,” Minerva, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 131–154, 2013.
 M. Cheng, J. S. Ho, and P. M. Lau, “Knowledge sharing in academic institutions : a study of multimedia university malaysia,” Electron. J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 313–324, 2009.
 R. Fullwood, J. Rowley, and R. Delbridge, “Knowledge sharing amongst academics in UK universities,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 123–136, 2013.
 V. Parakhina, O. Godina, O. Boris, and L. Ushvitsky, “Strategic management in universities as a factor of their global competitiveness,” Int. J. Educ. Manag., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 62–75, 2017.
 D. Rooney, “Knowledge Management in Universities: A Strategic Approach,” Horiz., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 11–13, 2000.
 A. Ojo, “Knowledge management in Nigerian universities: A conceptual model,” Interdiscip. J. Information, Knowledge, Manag., vol. 11, pp. 331–345, 2016.
 D. Raj Adhikari, “Knowledge management in academic institutions,” Int. J. Educ. Manag., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 94–104, 2010.
 Z. Gichuhi, R. Kamau-kang, and P. Mwathi, “Knowledge Management Practices in University Libraries in Kenya,” Proc. Int. Conf. Intellect. Capital, Knowl. Manag. Organ. Learn. 2017, no. Townley 2001, pp. 89–97, 2017.
 H. Paez-Logreira, R. Zamora-Musa, and J. Velez-Zapata, “Relation Analysis of Knowledge Management, Research, and Innovation in University Research Groups.,” J. Technol. Manag. Innov., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 5–11, 2016.
 C. Schneider, K. Hussinger, and D. Czarnitzki, “Commercializing Academic Research: The Quality of Faculty Patenting,” Ind. Corp. Chang., no. 08, 2008.
 J. Brix, “Exploring knowledge creation processes as a source of organizational learning: A longitudinal case study of a public innovation project,” Scand. J. Manag., vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 113–127, 2017.
 J. Tian, Y. Nakamori, and A. P. Wierzbicki, “Knowledge management and knowledge creation in academia: A study based on surveys in a Japanese research university,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 76–92, Apr. 2009.
 J. Hautala, “International academic knowledge creation and ba. A case study from Finland,” Knowl. Manag. Res. Pract., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 4–16, 2011.
 S. Jeong and J. Y. Choi, “Collaborative research for academic knowledge creation: How team characteristics, motivation, and processes influence research impact,” Sci. Public Policy, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 460–473, 2015.
 G. Nández and Á. Borrego, “Use of social networks for academic purposes: A case study,” Electron. Libr., vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 781–791, 2013.
 T. E. Vick, M. S. Nagano, and S. Popadiuk, “Information culture and its influences in knowledge creation: Evidence from university teams engaged in collaborative innovation projects,” Int. J. Inf. Manage., vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 292–298, 2015.
 F. H. Rusly, P. Y. T. Sun, and J. L. Corner, “Change readiness: creating understanding and capability for the knowledge acquisition process,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1204–1223, Oct. 2015.
 T. Pacharapha and V. V. Ractham, “Knowledge acquisition: The roles of perceived value of knowledge content and source,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 724–739, 2012.
 P. López-Sáez, J. E. Navas-López, G. Martín-de-Castro, and J. Cruz-González, “External knowledge acquisition processes in knowledge-intensive clusters,” J. Knowl. Manag., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 690–707, 2010.
 K. D. Joshi, L. Chi, A. Datta, and S. Han, “Changing the competitive landscape: Continuous innovation through IT-enabled knowledge capabilities,” Inf. Syst. Res., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 472–495, 2010.
 R. Gera, “Bridging the gap in knowledge transfer between academia and practitioners,” Int. J. Educ. Manag., vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 252–273, 2012.
 N. Roberts, P. S. Galluch, M. Dinger, and V. Grover, “Absorptive capacity and information systems research,” Manag. Inf. Syst., vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 625–648, 2012.
 W. M. Cohen and D. A. Levinthal, “Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation,” Adm. Sci. Q., vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 128–152, 1990.
 K. Seonghee and J. Boryung, “An analysis of faculty perceptions: Attitudes toward knowledge sharing and collaboration in an academic institution,” Libr. Inf. Sci. Res., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 282–290, 2008.
 S. Zahra and G. George, “Absorptive Capacity : A Review, Reconceptualization, and Extension,” Acad. of Manag., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 185–203, 2002.
 C. Gray, “Absorptive capacity, knowledge management and innovation in entrepreneurial small firms,” Int. J. Entrep. Behav. Res., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 345–360, 2006.