Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32229
Estimation of Synchronous Machine Synchronizing and Damping Torque Coefficients
Authors: Khaled M. EL-Naggar
Abstract:Synchronizing and damping torque coefficients of a synchronous machine can give a quite clear picture for machine behavior during transients. These coefficients are used as a power system transient stability measurement. In this paper, a crow search optimization algorithm is presented and implemented to study the power system stability during transients. The algorithm makes use of the machine responses to perform the stability study in time domain. The problem is formulated as a dynamic estimation problem. An objective function that minimizes the error square in the estimated coefficients is designed. The method is tested using practical system with different study cases. Results are reported and a thorough discussion is presented. The study illustrates that the proposed method can estimate the stability coefficients for the critical stable cases where other methods may fail. The tests proved that the proposed tool is an accurate and reliable tool for estimating the machine coefficients for assessment of power system stability.
Keywords: Optimization, estimation, synchronous, machine, crow search.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3593228Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 512
 R. Azizipanah-Abarghooee, M. Malekpour, M. S. Ayaz, M. Karimi and V. Terzija, "Small Signal Based Frequency Response Analysis for Power Systems," 2018 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT-Europe), Sarajevo, 2018, pp. 1-6.
 L. Rouco and J. Perez-Arriaga, "Multi-area analysis of small signal stability in large electric power systems by SMA," IEEE Transaction On Power Systems PWRS, vol. 8, pp. 1257-1265, 1993.
 S. E. M. DeOliveria, "Synchronizing and damping torque coefficients and power system steady-state stability as affected by VAR compensation," IEEE Transaction On Power Systems, PWRS, vol. 9, pp. 109-119, 1994.
 R. Jalayer and B. Ooi, "Frequency dependant estimation of damping and synchronizing torque coefficients in power systems,"2012 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, San Diego, CA, 2012, pp. 1-7.
 R. T. H. Alden and A.A.Shaltout, "Analysis of damping and synchronizing torque's; Part1: General calculation method," IEEE Transaction on Power System Apparatus, vol. PAS-98(5), pp. 1696-1700, 1979.
 E. A. Abu-AlFeilat, N.Younan, and S.Grzybowski, "Estimating the synchronizing and damping torque coefficients using Kalman filtering," Electric Power System Research Journal, vol. 52, pp. 145-149, 1999.
 K. M. EL-Naggar and A. AL-Othman, "A Discrete Stochastic Method for Estimating Synchronizing and Damping Torque Coefficients," presented at Second IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems (EuroPES 2002), Crete, Greece, pp. 137-141, 2002.
 E. A. Feilat, "Performance estimation techniques for power system dynamic stability using least squares, Kalman filtering and genetic algorithms," presented at Southeastcon 2000. Proceedings of the IEEE, pp. 489-492, 2000.
 P. W. Sauer and M.A.Pai, Power System Dynamics and Stability: Prentice Hall Inc., 1998.
 N. A. M. Kamari, I. Musirin, M. M. Othman, “Application of Evolutionary Programming in the Assessment of Dynamic Stability,” IEEE PEOCO 2010, June 2010, pp.43-48.
 Y. Shi and R. Eberhart, "Parameter Selection in Particle Swarm Optimization," presented at Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conf. on Evolutionary Programming, pp. 591-601, 1998.
 K. M. EL-Naggar and A. AL-Othman, "Genetic based Algorithms for Estimating Synchronizing and Damping Torque Coefficients," presented at Fourth IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems (EuroPES 2004), Rhodes, Greece, pp. 356-360, 2004.
 A.K. AL-Othman, K.M. EL-Nagger, "Estimating synchronizing and damping torque coefficients using particle Swarm optimization", Proceedings of the Fifth IASTED International Conference On Power and Energy Systems (EuroPES 2005), June 15-17, 2005
 E. A. Feilat, "Fast estimation of synchronizing and damping torque coefficients using an adaptive neural network,42nd International Universities Power Engineering Conference,Brighton, 2007, pp.1049-50
 Askarzadeh, A. (2016). A novel metaheuristic method for solving constrained engineering optimization problems: Crow search algorithm. Computers & Structures, 169, 1–12.
 A. M. Shaheen, R. A. El-Sehiemy, "Optimal allocation of capacitor devices on mv distribution networks using crow search algorithm", 24th International Conference & Exhibition on Electricity Distribution (CIRED), 12-15 June 2017.
 A. A. Shaltout and K. A. Abu Al-Feilat, "Damping and synchronizing torque computation in multimachine power systems," Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 7, pp. 280-286, 1992.
 IEEE recommended practice for excitation system models for power system stability studies," IEEE Std 421.5-1992, 1992.