A Framework and Case Study for Sustainable Development of Urban Areas
This paper presents a multi-objective framework for sustainable urban development. The proposed framework aims to address different aspects of sustainability in urban development planning. These aspects include, but are not limited to education, health, job opportunities, architecture, culture, environment, mobility, energy, water, waste, and so on. Then, the proposed framework is applied to the Brackenridge Tract (an area in downtown Austin, Texas), to redevelop that area in a sustainable way. The detail of the implementation process is presented in this paper. The ultimate goal of this paper is to develop a sustainable area in downtown Austin with ensuring that it locally meets the needs of present and future generations with respect to economic, social, environmental, health as well as cultural aspects. Moreover, it helps the city with the population growth problem by accommodating more people in that area.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3593210Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 128
 S. N. Kondepudi, “Smart Sustainable Cities: An Analysis of Definitions,” ITU-T Focus Group for Smart Sustainable Cities. 2014.
 M. Cetin, “Using GIS analysis to assess urban green space in terms of accessibility: case study in Kutahya,” International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 420–424, 2015.
 G. Sanesi, G. Colangelo, R. Lafortezza, E. Calvo, and C. Davies, “Urban green infrastructure and urban forests: A case study of the Metropolitan Area of Milan,” Landscape Research, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 164–175, 2017.
 N. Kabisch, “Ecosystem service implementation and governance challenges in urban green space planning: The case of Berlin, Germany,” Land use policy, vol. 42, pp. 557–567, 2015.
 Y. Voytenko, K. McCormick, J. Evans, and G. Schliwa, “Urban living labs for sustainability and low carbon cities in Europe: Towards a research agenda,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 123, pp. 45–54, 2016.
 P. Nijkamp and A. Perrels, Sustainable cities in Europe. Routledge, 2018.
 “U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: New York County (Manhattan Borough), New York; UNITED STATES.” .
 “Guadalupe-Lamar is highest-density corridor in Austin — according to Austin Rail Now.” .
 L. Barron and E. Gauntlet, “WACOSS housing and sustainable communities’ indicators project,” in Sustaining our Communities International Local Agenda 21 conference, Adelaide, 2002.
 EIA, “2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Energy Usage Summary,” 2012.
 EnergyStar, “Schools : An Overview of Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Opportunities,” Energy, 2006.
 U. S. Energy Information Administration, “International energy data and analysis, Korea,” U.S. Energy Information Administration, 2015.
 EIA, “Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS),” 2009, 2009. .
 U.S. Department of Energy, “Buildings energy databook,” Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Department, 2011.
 “Solar Energy & Solar Power in Austin, TX | Solar Energy Local.” .
 W. B. Deoreo, P. W. Mayer, B. Dziegielewski, and J. C. Kiefer, Residential End Uses of Water, Version 2. 2016.
 H. W. ( Bill and ) Hoffman, “Analysis of Five Years of Municipal Water Use Data To Estimate Commercial and Institutional Per Capita Use,” 2016.
 “Water Conservation: 45 ways to conserve water,” Eartheasy Guides & Articles. .
 City of Austin open data portal, “2015 Annual Performance Report Key Indicators,” 2015.
 A. Vickers and R. A. Cohen, “Handbook of water use and conservation,” Electronic Green Journal. 2002.