The Effects of Cow Manure Treated by Fruit Beetle Larvae, Waxworms and Tiger Worms on Plant Growth in Relation to Its Use as Potting Compost
Authors: Waleed S. Alwaneen
Dairy industry is flourishing in world to provide milk and milk products to local population. Besides milk products, dairy industries also generate a substantial amount of cow manure that significantly affects the environment. Moreover, heat produced during the decomposition of the cow manure adversely affects the crop germination. Different companies are producing vermicompost using different species of worms/larvae to overcome the harmful effects using fresh manure. Tiger worm treatment enhanced plant growth, especially in the compost-manure ratio (75% compost, 25% cow manure), followed by a ratio of 50% compost, 50% cow manure. Results also indicated that plant growth in Waxworm treated manure was weak as compared to plant growth in compost treated with Fruit Beetle (FB), Waxworms (WW), and Control (C) especially in the compost (25% compost, 75% cow manure) and 100% cow manure where there was no growth at all. Freshplant weight, fresh leaf weight and fresh root weight were significantly higher in the compost treated with Tiger worms in (75% compost, 25% cow manure); no evidence was seen for any significant differences in the dry root weight measurement between FB, Tiger worms (TW), WW, Control (C) in all composts. TW produced the best product, especially at the compost ratio of 75% compost, 25% cow manure followed by 50% compost, 50% cow manure.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3593158Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 219
 Aryantha, I.P., Cross, P., Guest, D.I. (2000). Suppression of Phytopthora cinnamoni in potting mixes amended with uncomposted animal manures. Phytopathology 90: 775-779.
 Atiyeh, R.M., Subier, S. Edwards, C.A., and Bachman, C. (2004). Effect of vermicompost and composts as potting media for growth of tomatoes. Journal of Plant Nutrition 6: 1107-1123.
 Chen, Y., Inbar, Y., Harder, Y. (1988). Composted agricultural wastes as potting composts for ornamental plants. Soil Science 145: 298-302.
 Edimeades, D.C. (2003). The long term effects of organic fertilisers on soil productivity and quality: a review. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 66: 165-180.
 Li, Q., Zheng, L., Qiu, N., Cai, H., Tomberlin, J. K. and Yu, Z. (2011). Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar production. Waste Management 31, 1316-1320.