Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32586
Length Dimension Correlates of Longitudinal Physical Conditioning on Indian Male Youth

Authors: Seema Sharma Kaushik, Dhananjoy Shaw


Various length dimensions of the body have been a variable of interest in the research areas of kinanthropometry. However the inclusion of length measurements in various studies remains restricted to reflect characteristics of a particular game/sport at a particular time. Hence, the present investigation was conducted to study various length dimensions correlates of a longitudinal physical conditioning program on Indian male youth. The study was conducted on 90 Indian male youth. The sample was equally divided into three groups namely, progressive load training (PLT), constant load training (CLT) and no load training (NL). The variables included sitting height, leg length, arm length and foot length. The study was conducted by adopting the multi group repeated measure design. Three different groups were measured four times after completion of each of the three meso-cycles of six-weeks duration each. The measurements were taken using the standard landmarks and procedures. Mean, standard deviation and analysis of co-variance were computed to analyze the data statistically. The post-hoc analysis was conducted for the significant F-ratios at 0.05 level. The study concluded that the followed longitudinal physical conditioning program had significant effect on various length dimensions of Indian male youth.

Keywords: Indian male youth, longitudinal, length dimensions, physical conditioning.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 500


[1] S. Koley & J.S. Sandhu, An introduction to kinanthropometry, New Delhi: Friends Publications, p. 9.
[2] W.D. Ross, S.R. Brown, M. Hebbelinck & R.A. Faulkner, Kinanthropometry terminology and landmarks. Physical Fitness Assessment. Principles, Practice and Application. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1978, pp. 44-50.
[3] K. Norton, T. Olds & N. Craig, Anthropometrica: A textbook of body measurement for sports and health courses, Australian Sports Commission, 1996, pp. 287-364.
[4] Kenneth H. Cooper; & Steven N. Blair, Exercise physical fitness. Encyclopedia Britannica, retrieved from, 2019.
[5] S. E. Bilik (1956), The trainer’s bible 9th ed., New York: TJ Reed & Co., 1956.
[6] D. D. Arnheim; and W. A. Sinclair (1985), Physical education for special populations, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1985.
[7] F. Alburquerque, F., Sánchez, J., Prieto, N., López, & M. & Santos, Kinanthropometric assessment of a football team over one season. European Journal of Anatomy, 2005, 9 (1), 17-22.
[8] W. Bell, & G. Rhodes, The morphological characteristics of the association football player. British journal of sports medicine, 1975, 9 (4), 196.
[9] H. Bharadwaj, S.S., Verma, T. Zachariah, S. Kishnani, S.K Das, S.N. Pramanik & I.P. Singh, Sizing of trousers and shorts for Indian army personnel: An anthropometric application. Defence Science Journal, 1986: 36 (1), 77-94.
[10] A. L. Claessens, S. Hlatky, J. Lefevre, & H. Holdhaus, The role of anthropometric characteristics in modern pentathlon performance in female athletes. Journal of sports sciences, 1994:12(4), 391-401. De Garay, A. L., Levine, L., & Carter, J. E. L. (1974). Genetic and anthropological studies of Olympic athletes. Academic Press.
[11] H. Krakower, Skeletal characteristics of the high jumper. Research Quarterly, 1935: 6 (2), 75-84.
[12] Singh, S. P., & Malhotra, P. (1989). Kinanthropometry. Lunar Publication, Patiala, 1989, 69-74.
[13] S. Nath, Anthropometry- The measurement of body size, shape and form, 2005, NewDelhi, Friends Publications, p. 21.