Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Street Vendors in Mangaung Metro South Africa
Microbial contamination of ready-to-eat foods and beverages sold by street vendors has become an important public health issue. In developing countries including South Africa, health risks related to such kinds of foods are thought to be common. Thus, this study assessed knowledge, attitude and practices of street food vendors. Street vendors in the city of Mangaung Metro were investigated in order to assess their knowledge, attitudes and handling practices. A semi-structured questionnaire and checklist were used in interviews to determine the status of the vending sites and associa. ted food-handling practices. Data was collected by means of a face-to-face interview. The majority of respondents were black females. Hundred percent (100%) of the participants did not have any food safety training. However, street vendors showed a positive attitude towards food safety. Despite the positive attitude, vendors showed some non-compliance when it comes to handling food. During the survey, it was also observed that the vending stalls lack basic infrastructures like toilets and potable water that is currently a major problem. This study indicates a need for improvements in the environmental conditions at these sites to prevent foodborne diseases. Moreover, based on the results observed food safety and food hygiene training or workshops for street vendors are highly recommended.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3593108Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 461
 B. A. Alimi, "Risk factors in street food practices in developing countries: A review." Food Science and Human Wellness 5, no. 3, pp.141-148, 2016.
 T. Eromo, H. Tassew, D Daka, and G. Kibru. "Bacteriological quality of street foods and antimicrobial resistance of isolates in Hawassa, Ethiopia." Ethiop. J. Health Sci, 26, no. 6, pp. 533-542, 2016.
 C. V. Asiegbu, "The food safety knowledge and microbial hazards awareness of consumers of ready-to-eat street-vended foods and their exposure to microbiological hazard." PhD diss., 2015.
 P. T. Campbell, "Assessing the knowledge, attitudes and practices of street food vendors in the city of Johannesburg regarding food hygiene and safety." PhD diss., University of the Western Cape, 2011.
 World Health Organization. Global age-friendly cities: A guide. World Health Organization, 2007.
 P. T. Lamin-Boima, "Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Street Food Vendors In Selected Schools Within Bo City Southern Sierra Leone."
 F. Eidse, and N. Sichel. Unrooted childhoods: Memoirs of growing up global. Hachette UK, 2011.
 C. J. Griffith, L. M. Jackson, and R. Lues, "The food safety culture in a large South African food service complex: Perspectives on a case study." Br. Food. J., 119, no. 4, pp. 729-743, 2017.
 O. K. Muinde, and E. Kuria. "Hygienic and sanitary practices of vendors of street foods in Nairobi, Kenya." Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr. Dev., 5, no. 1, 2005.
 L. P. Meleki, T. S. A. Mbwette, and N. N. Judicate. "food borne diseases in Mbeya city, Mbeya region, Tanzania Key words: Water activity, Aflatoxins, Food born diseases." Health career and food vendors.
 E. Ameko, S. Achio, S. Alhassan, and A. Kassim. "Microbial safety of raw mixed-vegetable salad sold as an accompaniment to street vended cooked rice in Accra, Ghana." Afr. J. Biotechnol., 11, no. 50, pp. 11078-11085, 2012.
 World Health Organization. Essential safety requirements for street-vended foods. No. WHO/FNU/FOS/96.7 Rev1. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1996.
 L. C. Theron, and A. M. Theron. "Education services and resilience processes: Resilient Black South African students' experiences." Child. Youth Serv. Rev., 47. Pp. 297-306, 2014.
 J. F. Lues, M. R. Rasephei, P. Venter, and M. M. Theron. "Assessing food safety and associated food handling practices in street food vending." Int. J. Environ. Heal. Res., 16, no. 5, pp. 319-328, 2006.
 L. Fuller, "Food safety: HACCP awareness and legislation." South Afri. J. Clin. Nutr., 20, no. 2, pp. 48-49, 2007.
 M. D. Khairuzzaman, F. M. Chowdhury, S. Zaman, Arafat Al Mamun, and Md Bari. "Food safety challenges towards safe, healthy, and nutritious street foods in Bangladesh." Int. J. Food Sci., 2014.
 A. Von Holy, and F. M. Makhoane. "Improving street food vending in South Africa: Achievements and lessons learned." Int. J. Food Microbiol., 111, no. 2, pp. 89-92, 2006