Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30831
Two Lessons Learnt in Defining Intersections and Interfaces in Numerical Modeling with Plaxis

Authors: Reza Dinarvand, Mahdi Sadeghian, Somaye Sadeghian


This paper is going to discuss two issues encountered in using PLAXIS. Both issues were monitored during application of PLAXIS to estimate the excavation-induced displacement. Column Soil Mixing (CSM) was applied to stabilise the excavation. It was understood that the estimated excavation induced deformation at the top of the CSM blocks highly depends on the material type defining pavement material adjacent to the CSM blocks. Cohesive material for pavement will result in the unrealistic connection between pavement and CSM even by defining an interface element. To find the most realistic approach, the interface defined in three different manners (1) no interface elements were applied (2) a non-cohesive soil layer was defined between pavement and CSM block to represent the friction between these materials (3) built-in interface elements in PLAXIS was used to define the boundary between the pavement and the CSM block. The result showed that the option 2 would result in more realistic results. The second issue was in the modelling of the contact line between the CSM block and an inclined layer underneath. The analysis result showed that the excavation-induced deformation highly depends on how the PLAXIS user defines the contact area. It was understood that if the contact area had defined as a point in which CSM block had intersected the layer underneath the estimated lateral displacement of CSM block would be unrealistically lower than the model in which the contact area was defined as a line.

Keywords: FEM, plaxis, CSM, Excavation-Induced Deformation

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 174


[1] PLAXIS 2D Version 8 Reference Manual.
[2] Y.M.A Hashash, C. Marulanda, J. G. haboussi, S. Jung, 2003. Systematic update of a deep excavation model using field performance data, Computers and Geotechnics, 30, pp. 477-488.
[3] D.E.L. Ong, D.Q. Yang, S.K. Phang, 2006. Comparisons of finite element modelling of a deep excavation using SAGE-CRISP and PLAXIS. Int Conf on Deep Excavations.
[4] D.E.L. Ong. 2008. Benchmarking of FEM Technique Involving Deep Excavation, Pilesoil Interaction and Embankment Construction. The 12th International Conference of IACMAG.
[5] K. N. Dinakar, S. K. Prasad., 2014. Behaviour of tie back sheet pile wall for deep excavation using PLAXIS. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, Vul 3.