Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32716
The Role of Food System in Promoting Environmental Planning

Authors: Rayeheh Khatami, Toktam Hanaei, Mohammad Reza Mansouri Daneshvar


Today, many local and national governments are developing urban agriculture as an effective tool in responding to challenges such as food security, poverty and environmental problems. In fact, urban agriculture plays an important role in food system, which can provide citizens' income and become one of the components of economic, social and environmental systems. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the urban agriculture and urban food systems in order to understand the impact of urban foods production on environmental planning in non-western city region context. To achieve such objective, we carry out a case study in Mashhad city of Iran by using qualitative approaches. A survey on documentary studies and planning tools integrate with face to face interview with experts which explain the role of food system in environmental planning process. The paper extends the use of food in the environmental planning, specifically to examine this role to create agricultural garden as a mean to improve agricultural system in non-western country. The paper is concluded with a set of recommendations for researchers and policymakers who seek to create spaces in order to implement urban agriculture in cities for food justice.

Keywords: Urban agriculture, food system, environmental planning, agricultural garden, Mashhad.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1021


[1] Al Sheikh, A.; Motahari, S.; Koshnam, H.; Ganjali, L., Pahlavan, A., (2009). Environmental planning with planning process and GIS (Case study: Dahak village), J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 1(11): 73-83.
[2] A.R. Sadeghi, M. Khakzand (2016). Environmental planning and management of urban natural landscapes, Int. J. Hum. Capital Urban Manage, 1(3): 209-220, summer.
[3] Cinà, Giuseppe, Di Iacovo, Francesco (2015). Integrating top down policies and bottom up practices in Urban and Periurban Agriculture: an Italian dilemma, Future of Food: Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society, 3(1), summer.
[4] Quon, Soonya (1999). Planning for Urban Agriculture: A Review of Tools and Strategies for Urban Planners, International Development Research Centre, Cities Feeding People Series, Report 28.
[5] Cinà, Giuseppe, Lazzarini, Luca (2018). Food narratives and planning spaces in Milan City Region, Conference: Towards Sustainable City Region Food Systems, At Torino, Volume: NEWDIST Special Issue.
[6] Morgan, K. (2009). Feeding the City: The Challenge of Urban Food. Planning, International Planning Studies, 14(4): 341-348.
[7] Renting, H., Dubbeling, M., M., Hoekstra, F., Carey, J., Wiskerke, H. (2015). Food on the urban agenda. Urban Agriculture Magazine, 29: 3-4.
[8] Haughton, Graham (2017). Environmental planning, The International Encyclopedia of Geography.
[9] Gleeson, B. (2012). Make No Little Plans: Anatomy of Planning Ambition and Prospect. Geographical Research, 50(3): 242–255.
[10] Abdi Daneshpour, Z., (2008). An introduction to planning theories with special reference to urban planning theories. Shahid Beheshti University Publication, Tehran. (In Persian)
[11] Cinà, Giuseppe, Dansero, Egidio (2015). Localizing urban food strategies farming cities and performing rurality, 7th international Aesop sustainable food planning conference proceedings, pp 57-66.
[12] Oyuela, Andrea, Van Der Valk, Arnold (2017). Collaborative planning via urban agriculture: The case of Tegucigalpa, Honduras, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 41:8, 988-1008.
[13] Daneshpour, A. H. (2008). Urban sustainable agriculture, necessities and strategies, the conference of new ideas in urban management area.
[14] Dubbeling, Marielle, Renting, Henk, Wiskerke, Han (2015). City Region Food Systems, Urban Agriculture Magazine.
[15] FAO (2018). Sustainable food systems – Concept and framework, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
[16] Mohammadi, Jamal, Soleimani Shiri, Mortez (2014). The Effect of Urban Agriculture in Urban Sustainable Development and Its Techniques: A Case Study in Iran, International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 4(4): pp. 275-285.
[17] FAO. (1999). urban and peri-urban agriculture: a new challenge for the UN food and agriculture organization, by A.W. Drescher & D. Laquinta.