Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30127
Piezoelectric Power Output Predictions Using Single-Phase Flow to Power Flow Meters

Authors: Umar Alhaji Mukhtar, Abubakar Mohammed El-jummah

Abstract:

This research involved the utilization of fluid flow energy to predict power output using Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) piezoelectric stacks. The aim of this work is to extract energy from a controlled level of pressure fluctuation in single-phase flow which forms a part of the energy harvesting technology that powers flow meters. A device- Perspex box was developed and fixed to 50.8 mm rig to induce pressure fluctuation in the flow. An experimental test was carried out using the single-phase water flow in the developed rig in order to measure the power output generation from the piezoelectric stacks. 16 sets of experimental tests were conducted to ensure the maximum output result. The acquired signal of the pressure fluctuation was used to simulate the expected electrical output from the piezoelectric material. The results showed a maximum output voltage of 12 V with an instantaneous output power of 1 µW generated, when the pressure amplitude is 2.6 kPa at a frequency of 2.4 Hz.

Keywords: Energy harvesting, experimental test, perspex rig, pressure fluctuation.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 61

References:


[1] H. D. Akaydin, N. Elvin, and Y. Andreopoulos, Energy harvesting from highly unsteady fluid flows using piezoelectric materials, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures,vol. 21, no.13, pp. 1263-1278, 2010.
[2] M. Sanderson, and H. Yeung. Guidelines for the use of ultrasonic non-invasive metering techniques, Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 125-142, 2002.
[3] GE. Measurement and control solutions, Rheonik Coriolis mass flow meters, 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.ge-mcs.com/download/co2-flow/BR-174C-LR.pdf (accessed 22/06/2014).
[4] L. Velcon, Flow differential pressure module(FDPM) Automatic calculation of corrected differential pressure for varying flow rates, 2012. Available at: http://www.velcon.com/datasheet/FDPM1966.pdf (accessed 20/06/2014).
[5] A. Samson, Differential pressure and flow meter media series, Mechanical and electrical accessories, 2013. Available at: http://www.samson.de/pdf_en/t95550en.pdf (accessed 28/06/2014).
[6] Omega Engineering inc, Series FDT-80 Transit time ultrasonic flow meters, 2010. Retrieved from: http://www.omega.com/pptst/FDT-81.html (accessed 05/06/2014).
[7] W.S. Hao, and R. Garcia, Development of a digital and battery-free smart flow meter. Energies, vol.7, no. 6, pp. 3695-3709, 2014.
[8] D. Wang and K. Chang, “Electromagnetic energy harvesting from flow induced vibration,” Microelectronics Journal, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 356-364, June 2010.
[9] D. Wang and H. Ko, Piezoelectric energy harvesting from flow induced vibration, Journal of micromechanics and micro-engineering. vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 019-025, 2010.
[10] A. M. Sarciada, “Energy harvesting and storage method for use in residential electronic water meter,” MSc thesis. Dept. of Process and System Engineering, Cranfield Univ., 2011.
[11] F. Lu, H. Lee, and S. Lim, Modeling and analysis of micro piezoelectric power generators for micro-electromechanical system applications, Smart materials and structures vol.13, no.1, pp. 57, 2004.
[12] R. Guigon, J. Chaillout, T. Jager, and G. Despesse, Harvesting raindrop energy theory, Smart materials and structure vol.17, no.1, pp. 015-038, 2008.
[13] H. A. Sodano, D. J. Inman and G. Park, A review of power harvesting from vibration using piezoelectric materials, Shock and Vibration Digest. vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 197-206. 2004.
[14] D. Wang, H. Pham, C. Chao, and J. M. Chen, “A piezoelectric energy harvester based on pressure fluctuations in Kármán Vortex Street,” Proc. World Renewable Energy Congress, May 2011, pp. 1456 - 1463.
[15] S. Pang, W. Li and J. Kan. Optimization Analysis of Interface Circuits in Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Systems. Journal of Power Technologies. vol. 96, no. 1:1, 2016.
[16] H. J. Lee, S. Sherrit, L. P. Tosi, P. Walkemeyer, and T. Colonius, Piezoelectric energy harvesting in internal fluid flow. Sensors, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1026039-26062, 2015.
[17] K. McConnell and Y. Park, “The frequency components of fluid-lift forces acting on a cylinder oscillating in still water” Experimental Mechanics, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 216-222, June 1982.
[18] Y. Amini, H. Emdad and M. Farid. Piezoelectric energy harvesting from vertical piezoelectric beams in the horizontal fluid flows. Scientia Iranica. vol. 24, no.5:2, pp. 396-405. October 2017.
[19] S. Roundy, P.K. Wright and J. A Rabaey. Study of low level vibrations as a power source for wireless sensor nodes. Computer communications.vol. 26, no.11, pp. 1131-44. July 2003.
[20] J. Yang, H. Zhou, Y. Hu, and Q. Jiang. Performance of a piezoelectric harvester in thickness-stretch mode of a plate. ieee transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control. vol. 52, no. 10, pp.1872-6, October 2005.
[21] S.R. Anton, H.A Sodano. A review of power harvesting using piezoelectric materials, 2003–2006. Smart materials and Structures. vol. 18, no.16(3), R1 May 2007.
[22] Piezo systems Inc. Piezoceramic material and properties, 2013. Retrieved at http://www.piezo.com/prodmaterial0nav.html (accessed 08/26/201).
[23] Noliac group, Piezoelectric materials, Piezo materials specification, 2011. Retrieved from http://www.noliac.com/specification-141- aspx (accessed 07/08/2014).
[24] U.A Mukhtar, A. Sahabo, B.M Abbagoni. Investigation of slug flow characteristics for energy harvesting applications, International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation. vol.8, no. 2, pp. 146-155, April 2018.