Detergent Removal from Rinsing Water by Peroxi Electrocoagulation Process
Among the various methods of treatment, advanced oxidation processes (AOP) are the most promising ones. In this study, Peroxi Electrocoagulation Process (PEP) was investigated for the treatment of detergent wastewater. The process was compared with electrooxidation treatment. The results showed that chemical oxygen demand (COD) was high 7584 mgO2.L-1, while the biochemical oxygen demand was low (250 mgO2.L-1). This wastewater was hardly biodegradable. Electrochemical process was carried out for the removal of detergent using a glass reactor with a volume of 1 L and fitted with three electrodes. A direct current (DC) supply was used. Samples were taken at various current density (0.0227 A/cm2 to 0.0378 A/cm2) and reaction time (1-2-3-4 and 5 hour). Finally, the COD was determined. The results indicated that COD removal efficiency of PEP was observed to increase with current intensity and reached to 77% after 5 h. The highest removal efficiency was observed after 5 h of treatment.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 62
 J-L. Bertrand-Krajewski, “Pharmaceuticals and detergents in hospital and urban wastewater: comparative monitoring, treatment, and assessment of impacts,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 25, pp.9195–9196, 2018
 S. Uzma, S. Khan, W. Murad, N. Taimur, A. Azizullah,”Phytotoxic effects of two commonly used laundry detergents on germination, growth, and biochemical characteristics of maize (Zea mays L.),” seedlings. Environ. Monit. Assess., pp. 190: 651, 2018.
 H.F. Ludwig, A.S. Sekaran, “Evaluation of use of anionic detergents (ABS) in Malaysia,” Water Research, vol.22 no.2, pp. 257-262, 1988.
 S. Savadi, A. Dhouib, “Traitement des effluents industriels riches en tension-actifs par un bio-réacteur membranaire: Application réelle,” Biotechnologies et Environnement, Atelier Biotechnologies au Maroc. Etat des lieuxetdomainesprioritaires, Setta, 6 May 2005.
 T. E. Sabli, Y. I. Siregar, S. Anita, S. Zahrah, “phytoremediation of waste water of detergent by bamboo wetland system,” International Journal of Research in Earth & Environmental Sciences, vol. 3, no.5, pp.1-6, Dec. 2015.
 N. Oz, Y. Erol, M. Yurtsever, “Adsorption of Detergent by Microplastics,” 15th International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, Rhodes, Greece, 31 August to 2 September 2017.
 A. Aygun, T. Yilmaz, “Improvement of Coagulation-Flocculation Process for Treatment of Detergent Wastewaters Using Coagulant Aids,” International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Vol. 1, no.2, 2010.
 L. Suárez, M. A. Díez, R. García, F. A. Riera, “Membrane technology for the recovery of detergent compounds: A review,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 1859-1873, 2012.
 C. Pablos, J. Marugan, R. van Grieken, E. Serrano, “Emerging micropollutant oxidation during disinfection processes using UV-C, UV-C/H2O2, UV-A/TiO2 and UV-A/TiO2/H2O2,” Water Res., vol. 47, pp.1237-1245, 2013.
 D. Syam Babu, V. Srivastava, P.V. Nidheesh, M. Suresh Kumar, “Detoxification of water and wastewater by advanced oxidation processes,” Science of the Total Environment, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133961
 M.A. Oturan. “Ecologically effective water treatment technique using electrochemically generated hydroxyl radicals for in situ destruction of organic pollutants: Application to herbicide 2,4-D. J.,” Appl. Electrochem.,vol.30, pp.475–482, 2000.
 L. P. Ramteke, P. R. Gogate. “Treatment of toluene, benzene, naphthalene and xylene (BTNXs) containing wastewater using improved biological oxidation with pretreatment using Fenton/ultrasound based processes,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol.28, pp. 247-260, 2015.
 S. Bouafia-Chergui, N. Oturan, H Khalaf, M. A. Oturan, “Electrochemical and photochemical oxidation of cationic dyes: a comparative study,” Current Organic Chemistry, vol. 16, no.18, pp.2073-2082, 2012.
 A. Benhadji, M. Taleb Ahmed, H. Djelal, R. Maachi. “Electrochemical treatment of spent tan bath solution for reuse,” Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination, vol. 8, nO.1, pp. 123-134, 2016.
 A. Boucenna, N. Oturan, M. Chabani, M. A. Oturan, “Degradation of Nystatin in aqueous medium by coupling UV-C irradiation, H2O2 photolysis, and photo-Fenton processes,” Environmental Science and Pollution Research, DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-05530-2, 2019.
 A. Assadi, S. Naseri, M. M. Fazli, “Investigation of Phenol Removal by Proxy-Electrocoagulation Process with Iron Electrodes from Aqueous Solutions,” J. Hum. Environ. Health Promot., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 212-219, 2017.
 A.R. Yazdanbakhsh, M. Kermani, S. Komasi, E. Aghayani, A. Sheikhmohammadi. “Humic acid removal from aqueous solutions by peroxielectrocoagulation process,” Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal.Vol.2, No.2, PP;53–58, 2015.
 ISO 6060:1989, Water quality. Determination of the chemical oxygen demand.
 ISO 9297:1989. Water quality. Determination of chloride - Silver nitrate titration with chromate indicator (Mohr's method)
 A. Thiam, R. Salazar, E. Brillas, I. Sirés. “Electrochemical advanced oxidation of carbofuran in aqueous sulfate and/or chloride media using a flow cell with a RuO2- based anode and an air-diffusion cathode at pre-pilot scale,” Chem. Eng. J., vol.335, pp. 133–144, 2018.
 K. Eryuruk, Un U. Tezcan, U. B. Ogutveren, “Electrochemical Treatment of Wastewaters from Poultry Slaughter Processing by Using Iron Electrodes,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 172, pp. 1089–1095, 2018.
 S. Vasudevan, J. Lakshmi, R. Kamaraj, G. Sozhan, “A critical study on the removal of copper by an electrochemically assisted coagulation: equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamics. Asia-Pacific,” Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 162-71, 2012.
 L. Zhou, Z. Hu, C. Zhang, Z. Bi, T. Jin, M. Zhou, “Electrogeneration of hydrogen peroxide for electro-Fenton system by oxygen reduction using chemically modified graphite felt cathode,” Separation and Purification Technology,vol.111, pp. 131–136, 2013.
 D. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Wei, B. Liu, Y. Lin, G.e Li, F. Zhang, “Enhanced degradation of ibuprofen by heterogeneous electro-Fenton at circumneutralph,” Chemosphere, vol. 209, pp. 998-1006, 2018.
 F. Ghanbari, C. A. Martínez-Huitle, “Electrochemical advanced oxidation processes coupled with peroxymonosulfate for the treatment of real washing machine effluent: A comparative study,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 847, pp. 113-182, 2019.
 T. Sruthi, R. Gandhimathi, S.T. Ramesh, P.V. Nidheesh, “Stabilized landfill leachate treatment using heterogeneous Fenton and electro-Fenton processes,” Chemosphere, vol. 210, pp. 38-43, 2018.